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Anthanassa texana seminole (Skinner, 1911)
(Texan Crescent)

Pinned Specimens
photo collection:

Live Adults
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Larval Foodplants and Habitats
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Distribution and Larval Foodplants:

Acanthaceae: Justicia ovata (Walt.) Lindau, Ruellia caroliniensis (J.F. Gmel.) Steud.


(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Anthanassa Scudder, 1875

Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci. 2(4): 239, 268, no. 54. Type-species: Melitaea texana W. H. Edwards, 1863, Proc. Entomol. Soc. Philad. 2(2): 81, no. 5, by designation of I.C.Z.N. Opinion 839; the same Opinion placed Anthanassa on the Official List of Generic Names in Zoology as name no. 1780.

=    Tritanassa W. Forbes, 1945

Entomol. Am. (n.s.) 24: 171. Type-species: Eresia drusilla C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861, Wien. Entomol. Montaschr. 5(4): 103-104, no. 79, by original designation.


Anthanassa texana (W. H. Edwards, 1863)

Proc. Entomol. Soc. Philad. 2(2): 78, 81, no. 5.

Original Combination: Melitaea Texana

Type Locality: “Texas”; probable holotype is from “Neu Braunfels, Comal Co., Texas.”

Types: Probable holotype in CMNH, figured by W. Holland (1898), Butt. Book: pl. 18, fig. 9 ♂ V, and F. Brown (1966), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 92(3): fig. 22 ♂ D&V.

I.C.Z.N. Opinion 839 placed this name on the Official List of Specific Names in Zoology as name no. 2226.

=    smerdis (Hewitson, 1864)

Ill. exot. Butts. 3(50): [21], pl. Eresia V, figs. 33 ♂ D, 34 ♂ V.

Original Combination: Eresia Smerdis

Type Locality: “Mexico”

Types: Lectotype (#Rh8497) in BMNH, designated by Higgins (1981), Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.) Entomol. 43(3): 100.


Anthanassa texana seminole (Skinner, 1911)

Entomol. News 22(9): 412.

Original Combination: Eresia texana seminole

Type Locality: “Bainbridge, Georgia” [Decatur County]

Types: Syntypes (#7023) in ANSP.

Opler and Krizek (1984), Butts. East Great Plains: 143-144, Watts and Habeck (1991), Trop. Lepid. 2(2): 103-106, and Ross [2005], Holarct. Lepid. 9(1-2): 1-30, suggested that this may be a species-level taxon, as it was treated by Calhoun (1997), Holarct. Lepid. 4(2): 46.


Bagget, H. D. 1980. P. 40, in: Life histories anonymous. News of the Lepidopterists= Society 1980: {1980} 

Gillham, Nicholas W. and Paul Ralph Ehrlich. 1954. The butterfly types of Henry Skinner and co-authors in the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. Transactions of the american entomological Society 80(3/4): 91-117. {20 Aug 1954} 

Hall, Arthur. 1928-1930. A revision of the genus Phyciodes Hubn. (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae). Bulletin of the Hill Museum 2(2)(supplement 1): 1-20, pls. 1-3 {18 Jun 1928} 2(3)(supplement): 21-44 {17 Nov 1928}; 3(1)(supplement): 45-94 {30 Apr 1929}; 3(2)(supplement): 95-146 {29 Aug 1929}; 3(3)(supplement): 147-170 {30 Dec 1929}; 4(1)(supplement): 171-204 {28 Jul 1930}; 4(2)(supplement): 205-206; add. Page {29 Dec 1930} 

Higgins, Lionel George. 1981. A revision of Phyciodes Hübner and related genera, with a review of the classification of the Melitaeinae (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) (Entomology) 43(3): 77-243, 490 figs. {29 Oct 1981} 

Opler, Paul Alexander and George O. Krizek. 1984. Butterflies east of the Great Plains.  An illustrated natural history. Baltimore and London; Johns Hopkins University Press: xvii + 294 pp., 54 pls., 38 figs., 11 tbls. {1984} 

Skinner, Henry. 1911. New species or sub-species of North American butterflies (Lepid.). Entomological News 22(8): 412-413. {Nov, [30 Oct] 1911} [description of Eresia texana seminole

Ross, Gary Noel. [2005]. Life history of the seminole crescent. Holarctic Lepidoptera 9(1-2): 1-30 {[2005]} 

Watts, John  R. and Dale H. Habeck. 1991. Immature stages of Anthanassa texana seminole (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Tropical Lepidoptera 2(2): 103-106, 12 figs. {Nov, 30 Dec 1991}

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