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Anthocharis sara thoosa (Scudder, 1878)
(Southwestern Orangetip)

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(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Anthocharis Boisduval, Rambur, [Duménil] & Graslin, [1833]

Coll. icon. Hist. Chenilles Europ. (12): pl. Pap. 5; (13): 35. Type-species: Papilio cardamines Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 468, no. 63, by monotypy.


Anthocharis sara Lucas, 1852

Revue Mag. Zool. (2)4(7): 339-340.

Original Combination: Anthocharis Sara

Type Locality: “Californie”; defined as “Queen Lily Campground, near Belden, North Fork Feather River, 2400' elev., Plumas County, California” by J. Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (3): 79.

Types: Lectotype in MNHP, designated by J. Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (3): 79, figs. 13 ♂ D, 14 ♂ V.

=    ‡sara Boisduval, 1852

Annls. Soc. Entomol. Fr. (2)10(2): 285-286, no. 11.

Original Combination: Anthocharis sara

Type Locality: “dans une grande partie de la Californie”

Types: Syntypes in USNM.

Preoccupied by Anthocharis sara Lucas, 1852, Revue Mag. Zool. (2)4(7): 339-340.

=    reakirtii W. H. Edwards, 1869

Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 2(4): 369; figured by W. H. Edwards (1868), Butts. N. Am. [1](2): pl. Anthocharis 1, figs. 1 ♂ D, 2 ♂ V, 3 ♀ D, 4 ♀ V.

Original Combination: Anthocharis Reakirtii

Type Locality: “California”; defined as “vicinity of San Francisco, California” by F. Brown (1973), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 99(1): 39.

Types: Lectotype in CMNH, designated by F. Brown (1973), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 99(1): 40-41, fig. 4 ♂ D&V.

=    mollis W. G. Wright, 1905

Butts. W. Coast: 50, no. 67; 111, pl. 8, figs. 67 ♂ D (lectotype), 67b ♀ D.

Original Combination: [Anthocharis Sara var.] Mollis; Anthocharis Mollis n. v.

Type Locality: “Southern California” “Riche Canyon, S. Cal....San Diego County”; lectotype from “Riche Canyon,” believed to be “Reche Canyon, San Bernardino/Riverside counties” by Tilden (1975), Occ. Pap. Calif. Acad. Sci. (118): 11.

Types: Lectotype (#4286) in CAS, designated by Tilden (1975), Occ. Pap. Calif. Acad. Sci. (118): 11.

=    dammersi J. A. Comstock, 1929

Bull. South. Calif. Acad. Sci. 28(2): 33, pl. 18 (holotype).

Original Combination: Anthocharis dammersi

Type Locality: “Whitewater Canyon, Riverside County, California”

Types: Holotype in LACM; figured by Howe (1975), Butts. N. Am.: pl. 71, fig. 8 ♂ D&V.

The holotype is apparently a hybrid between A. sara and A. lanceolata; see Shields and Mori (1979), J. Res. Lepid. 17(1): 53-55, fig. 1 ♂ D&V, and Scott (1982), J. Res. Lepid. 20(1): 61.

=    ‡”wrighti” J. A. Comstock, 1924

Bull. South. Calif. Acad. Sci. 23(2): 52; 24(2): pl. 11, fig. 16 ♂ D (“holotype”).

Original Combination: Anthocharis reakirti ab. Wrighti

Type Locality: “Chula Vista, California”

Types: “Holotype” in SDMC.

=    ‡”sternitzkyi” Gunder, 1925

Entomol. News 36(1): 4, no. 6, pl. 1, fig. Q ♂ D (“holotype”).

Original Combination: Anthocharis sara form reakirti ab. ♂ sternitzkyi

Type Locality: “San Francisco, California” [San Francisco County]

Types: “Holotype” in AMNH.

=    ‡”corcorani” Gunder, 1931

Bull. South. Calif. Acad. Sci. 30(2): 45.

Original Combination: Anthocharis sara tr. f. corcorani

Type Locality: “Griffith Park, Los Angeles, Calif.” [Los Angeles County, California]

Types: “Holotype” in LACM.

=    ‡”broweri” Gunder, 1932

Pan-Pac. Entomol. 8(3): 124.

Original Combination: Anthocharis sara race reakirti tr. f. broweri

Type Locality: “Peanut Hill, Berkely Hills, Alameda County, California”

Types: “Holotype” in AMNH.

=    ‡”flavicoloris” Gunder, [1934]

Pan-Pac. Entomol. 9(4): 151-152.

Original Combination: Anthocharis sara reakirtii tr. f. flavicoloris

Type Locality: “Tocaloma, Marin County, California”

Types: “Holotype” in AMNH.

‡”pallida” Scott, 1986

Butts. N. Am.: 212, no. 68.

Original Combination: [Anthocharis sara] form pallida

Proposed as a “form” with no nomenclatural standing; a nomen nudum.


Anthocharis sara thoosa (Scudder, 1878)

Bull. U. S. Geol. Geogr. Surv. Terr. 4(1)(10): 257.

Original Combination: Synchloe thoosa

Type Locality: “Mokiak Pass”; determined to be “Mokiah Pass, Mohave Co., Arizona: summit about 5200', T39N R12W, 36o 48' N/ 13o 33' W in the saddle between Wolf Hole Mountain and Seegmuller Mountain, up Mokiah Wash” by F. Brown (1967), J. Lepid. Soc. 21(2): 134.

Types: Holotype (#16016) in MCZ.



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