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Apodemia mormo (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1859) (SE Arizona segregate)
(Mormon Metalmark)

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SE Arizona

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Apodemia C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865

Reise Novara Zool. (2): 302. Type-species: Lemonias mormo C. Felder & R. Felder, 1859, Wien. Entomol. Montaschr. 3(9): 271, no. 19, by designation of Stichel (1911), in: Wytsman, Gen. Ins. 112(B): 285, 287.

=    Chrysobia Boisduval, 1869

Annls. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 12: 52. Type-species: Chrysobia mormonia Boisduval, 1869, Annls. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 12: 52 (= Lemonias mormo C. Felder & R. Felder, 1859, Wien. Entomol. Montaschr. 3(9): 271, no. 19; synonym), by original designation.

      =    ‡Polystigma Godman & Salvin, 1886

Biol. centr.-amer., Lepid. Rhop. 1(45): 469. Type-species: Chrysophanus nais W. H. Edwards, 1877, Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 5(3/4): 291-292, by monotypy. Preoccupied by Polystigma Kraatz, 1880, Dtsche. Entomol. Z. 24(2): 191.

 

Apodemia mormo (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1859)

Several recent authors (e.g., G. Forbes (1979), J. Res. Lepid. 18(3): 201-207, Pratt and Balmer (1991), J. Lepid. Soc. 45(1): 46-57) strongly suggest that this complex, previously considered a single species, includes multiple species-level taxa. However, at this time there is no consensus on species-level boundaries. The arrangement presented is partly based on studies cited above, as well as Opler and A. Warren (2002), Sci. Names List Butts. N. A.: 31, K. Davenport (2004), Tax. Rep. Int. Lepid. Surv. 4(7): 13, and (2004), Tax. Rept. Int. Lepid. Surv. 5(1): 35, but should be considered tentative.

 

Wien. Entomol. Montaschr. 3(9): 271, no. 19; figured by C. Felder and R. Felder (1865), Reise Novara (2): 302, pl. 37, figs. 15 ♂ D, 16 ♂ V.

Original Combination: Lemonias Mormo

Type Locality: “Salzsee”; suggested to be “eastern flanks of the Californian or Nevadan mountains somewhere west of the general region of Reno and Carson City, Nevada” by F. Brown (1967), J. Lepid. Soc. 21(4): 272; defined as “near Pyramid Lake, Washoe Co., Nevada” by L. Miller and F. Brown (1981), Mem. Lepid. Soc. (3): 131; subsequently defined as “Davis Creek Park, W. of Washoe Lake, Washoe County, Nevada” by J. Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (5): 89.

Types: Lectotype in BMNH, designated by J. Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (5): 89, figs. 16 ♂ D, 17 ♂ V.

=    dumeti (Behr, 1865)

Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. [1]3(12): 178.

Original Combination: N[emeobius]. Dumeti

Type Locality: “California” implied from the title of the paper, “always in localities that are covered by...Chaparral” from the description; neotype from “Davis Creek Park, west of Washoe Lake, Washoe County, Nevada.”

Types: Type(s) destroyed in the 1906 San Francisco earthquake and fire; neotype in USNM, designated by J. Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (6): 104, figs. 73 ♂ D, 74 ♂ V. This is the lectotype of Chrysobia mormonia, making dumeti a senior objective synonym of mormonia.

=    mormonia (Boisduval, 1869)

Annls. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 12: 52.

Original Combination: Chrysobia mormonia

Type Locality: “l’Oregon” in error; suggested to be “Davis Creek Park, W. of Washoe Lake, Washoe County, Nevada” by J. Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (2): 31.

Types: Lectotype in USNM, designated by J. Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (2): 31, figs. 228 ♂ D, 229 ♂ V.

Bibliography

 

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