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Ascia monuste phileta (Fabricius, 1775)
(Great Southern White)

Pinned Specimens photo collection Page 1:

Pinned Specimens photo collection Page 2:

Live Adults photo collection:

Immatures photo collection:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:

SW USA (strays), W Mexico & S TX to N S. Am; S Lesser Antilles


(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Ascia Scopoli, 1777

Intro. Hist. Nat.: 434, no. 175. Type-species: Papilio monuste Linnaeus, 1764, Mus. Lud. Ulr.: 237, no. 56, by designation of Scudder (1872), 4th Ann. Rep. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 61.


Ascia monuste (Linnaeus, 1764)

Mus. Lud. Ulr. [1]: 237, no. 56.

Original Combination: P[apilio] D[anaus]. C[andidus]. Monuste

Type Locality: “in Exteris terris”; stated to be “Barbaria” by Linnaeus (1767), Syst. Nat. (ed. 12) 1(2): 760, no. 80; listed as “America” by Fabricius (1775), Syst. Entomol.: 470, no. 117, citing Kleemann (1761), Beytr. Nat. Ins. 1: 31, pl. 3, fig. 3 ♂ D (“Westindianische”); further defined as “Surinam” by W. Comstock (1943), Am. Mus. Novit. (1229): 2.

Types: Type(s) apparently lost.

W. Comstock (1943), ibid., discussed the identity of this taxon.

=    ‡heliades (Billberg, 1820)

Enum. Ins. Mus. Billb.: 76; cited “eg. Monuste Fbr.”, in reference to Papilio monuste Linnaeus, 1764.

Original Combination: [Cepora] Heliades

Proposed to replace Papilio monuste Linnaeus, 1764, Mus. Lud. Ulr. [1]: 237, no. 56, erroneously thought preoccupied. A junior objective synonym of Papilio monuste.

=    feronia (Stephens, 1828)

Ill. Brit. Entomol., Haustellata: 149-150; cited Stephens (1829) Cat. Appendix, II.

Original Combination: Po[ntia]. Feronia

Type Locality: “Prise en Angleterre” inferred from Ernst (1779), Pap. Europ.: 209.

Types: Type(s) may be in BMNH.

=    albusta (Sepp, [1851])

Surinaam. Vlinders [3](36): pl. 141.

Original Combination: Papilio Albusta

Type Locality: “Surinam” implied from the title of the work.

Types: Type(s) are lost.

=    crameri W. Holland, 1931

Ann. Carnegie Mus. 20(2): 256-257; cited Papilio monusta (sensu Cramer (1777), Uitl. Kapellen 2(12): pl. 141, fig. F).

Original Combination: Ascia monuste var. crameri

Type Locality: “Surinam” as given by Cramer for his figure.

Types: Holotype possibly in RMNH.

Calhoun (1997), Holarct. Lepid. 4(1): 25-26, thoroughly discusses this taxon and determines that the “type” figured by W. Holland (1931), Butt. Book (rev. ed.): pl. 67, fig. 17, was only a “typical” example, not a true type.


Ascia monuste phileta (Fabricius, 1775)

Syst. Entomol.: 471, no. 119.

Original Combination: P[apilio]. D[anaus]. C[andidus]. Phileta

Type Locality: “America”; suggested to be “Florida” by W. Comstock (1943), Am. Mus. Novit. (1229): 3.

Types: Type(s) probably lost.

                   =    cleomes (Boisduval & Le Conte, [1830])

Hist. Lépid. Amér. sept. (5): 43-44; (6): pl. 16, figs. 1 ♂ D, 2 ♀ D, 3 ♀ V, 4 larva, 5 pupa.

Original Combination: P[ieris]. Cleomes

Type Locality: “Géorgie et la Virginie...dans la Floride”; suggested to be “Savannah, Chatham County, Georgia” by Calhoun (2004), J. Lepid. Soc. 58(3): 160.

Types: Described, at least in part, from a John Abbot drawing. The specimens upon which this drawing was based are presumed lost. A “type” in USNM is not consistent with the description of this taxon. Calhoun (2004), J. Lepid. Soc. 58(3): 156, 158-160, detailed this synonymy.

‡”nigra” Scott, 1981

Papilio (n.s.) 1: 3.

Original Combination: Ascia monuste female form nigra

Proposed as a “form” with no nomenclatural standing; a nomen nudum.



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