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Astraptes anaphus annetta Evans, 1952
(Yellow-tipped Flasher)

Type Specimens photo collection:

Pinned Specimens photo collection Page 1:

Pinned Specimens photo collection Page 2:

Live Adults photo collection:

Immatures photo collection:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:

S Texas to Guiana and Peru


(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Astraptes Hübner, [1819]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (7): 103. Type-species: Papilio aulestes Cramer, 1780, Uitl. Kapellen 3(24): 161, pl. 283, figs. E, F, G (= Papilio aulestis Cramer, 1780, Uitl. Kapellen 3(24): 173 (index); incorrect original spelling), by designation of Scudder (1875), Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci., Boston 10(2): 122, no. 137. Hemming (1934), Gen. Names Holarct. Butts. 1: 158, made a first reviser choice of Astraptes Hübner, [1826] over Telegonus Hübner, [1826]. dos Passos (1959), Lepid. News 12(5-6): 195-198, employed the index spelling of aulestis, thereby avoiding homonymy, but this is subject to a review of Cramer names given a binomial combination in the index. Hemming (1967), Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.) Entomol. Suppl. 9: 63, incorrectly determined that Papilio narcosius Stoll, 1790, Aanhangs. Werk Uitl. Kapellen Pieter Cramer (3): 171, pl. 39, fig. 8; 184 (index), was the oldest available name for Papilio aulestes Cramer, 1780, based on this perceived homonymy. Steinhauser (1987), Bull. Allyn Mus. (111): 1-16, detailed species-group names in this genus.

=    Telegonus Hübner, [1819]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (7): 104. Type-species: Papilio talus Cramer, 1777, Uitl. Kapellen 2(15): 122, pl. 176, fig. D; (16): 151 (index), by designation of Butler (1870), Entomol. Mon. Mag. 7(75): 56.

=    Euthymele Mabille, 1878

Annls. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 21: 24. Type-species: Hesperia mercatus Fabricius, 1793, Entomol. Syst. 3(1): 332, no. 260 (= Papilio fulgerator Walch, 1775, Naturforscher 7: 115, pl. 1, figs. 2a, 2b; synonym), by designation of Lindsey (1925), Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 18(1): 86.

‡”Creteus” Westwood, 1852

In: Gen. diurn. Lepid. (2)(54): 511. This name was introduced by Westwood in the synonymy of Goniloba, which he described as new. Since this name was unintentional (Westwood meant to use Carystus), it is a nomen nudum; see Hemming (1967), Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.) Entomol. Suppl. 9: 129.


Astraptes anaphus (Cramer, 1777)

Uitl. Kapellen 2(15): 126, pl. 178, fig. F ♂ D; (16): 147 (index).

Original Combination: Pap[ilio]. Pleb[ejus]. Urbicol[a]. Anaphus

Type Locality: “Surinamen” “Suriname”

Types: Holotype in RMNH, discussed by de Jong (1983), Tijdschr. Entomol. 126(11): 240.

            =    leucogramma (Sepp, [1830])

Surinaam. Vlinder. 1(4): 37, pl. 15, D, V, larva, pupa.

Original Combination: Papilio Leucogramma

Type Locality: “Surinam” implied from the title of the work.

Types: Type(s) are lost.

            =    anaphides (Mabille & Boullet, 1912)

Annls. Sci. Nat., Zool. (9)16(2): 75, 88.

Original Combination: [Telegonus Anaphus] Anaphides nov. var.

Type Locality: “Brésil”; “Bahia” on label of the type.

Types: Holotype in MNHP.

Steinhauser (1987), Bull. Allyn Mus. (111): 7, considered this an unavailable name. Under current rules the use of “form” or “variety” before 1961 may be interpreted as indicating a species-group name (Code Article 45.6.4), which I believe is consistent with Mabille and Boullet’s intent.

            a.   Astraptes anaphus annetta Evans, 1952

Cat. Am. Hesp. Brit. Mus. (2): 118.

Original Combination: [Astraptes anaphus] annetta

Type Locality: “Tres Rios, 5,000 ft.: Costa Rica”

Types: Holotype in BMNH.



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