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Atlides h. halesus (Cramer, 1777)
(Great Blue Hairstreak)

Pinned Specimens photo collection Page 1:


Pinned Specimens photo collection Page 2:

Live Adults photo collection Page 1:

Live Adults photo collection Page 2:

Immatures photo collection:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:

Phoradendron macrophyllum
(Engelm.) Cockerell (on Populus, Platanus racemosa, Juglans, Fraxinus)
Phoradendron densum
Torr. ex Trel. (on conifers)
Phoradendron juniperinum
Engelm. ex Gray (on Juniperus)


(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Atlides Hübner, [1819]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (5): 80. Type-species: Papilio halesus Cramer, 1777, Uitl. Kapellen 2(9): 3, pl. 98, figs. B, C; (16): 149 (index), by designation of Scudder (1875), Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci., Boston 10(2): 124, no. 147.

=    Riojana d’Abrerra & Bálint, 2001

Conc. Atlas Butts. World: 195 Type-species: Thecla thargelia Burmeister, 1878, Descr. phys. Rép. Argentine 5(Lépid.)(1): 230, Atl. pl. 8, fig. 9.


Atlides halesus (Cramer, 1777)


Atlides halesus halesus (Cramer, 1777)

Uitl. Kapellen 2(9): 3, pl. 98, figs. B ♂ D, C ♂ V; (16): 149 (index).

Original Combination: Pap[ilio]. Pleb[ejus]. Rural[is]. Halesus

Type Locality: “Virginien” “Virginie”

Types: Type(s) probably lost.

                   =    dolichos Hübner, 1823

Zutr. Samml. exot. Schmett. 2: pl. [39], figs. 219 ♀ D, 220 ♀ V [1821]; 9, no. 110 (1823, name given).

Original Combination: Atlides Dolichos

Type Locality: “Georgien in Florida”

Types: Type(s) probably lost.

This name was proposed (as “dolichus”) by Hübner [1819], Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (5): 80, no. 815; a nomen nudum.

                   =    juanita (Scudder, 1868)

Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 11: 435-436.

Original Combination: Thecla Juanita

Type Locality: “Pilatka, Florida” [now Palatka, Putnam County]

Types: Type(s) may be in MCZ.


Alcock, John. 1983. Territoriality by hilltopping males of the great purple hairstreak, Atlides halesus (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae): convergent evolution with a pompilid wasp. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 13(1): 57‑62. {Jul 1983} 

Ballmer, Gregory R. & Gordon F. Pratt. 1989. A survey of the last instar larvae of the Lycaenidae (Lepidoptera) of California. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 27(1):1-81. {Spring 1988, 1989} 

Clench, Harry Kendon. 1942. A new nace of Atlides halesus Cramer from California. (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Entomological News 53(8): 219-221. {[15] Oct 1942} [adoption of Atlides halesus corcorani

Comstock, J. A. 1927. Butterflies of California. A Popular Guide to a Knowledge of the Butterflies of California Embracing all of the 477 Species and Varieties at Present Recorded from the State. Author, Los Angeles, California. 334 pp., 63 pls. 

Comstock, J. A. 1932b. Studies in Pacific coast Lepidoptera (continued). Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 30(3):87-92. 

Cramer, Pieter. 1775-1790. Uitlandische Kapellen, voorkomende in de drei Waereld-Deelen Asia, Africa en America, by een verzameld en bescreeven. [Dutch Title]. Papilions exotiques des trois parties du monde l"Asie, l'Afrique et l'Amerique. [French Title]. Amsterdam, Baalde,and Utrecht, Wild. 4 vols.: xxx + 16 + 765 pp.; 400 pls. {1775-1790} [description of Papilio halesus

Downey, John Charles. 1966. Sound production in pupae of Lycaenidae. Journal of the Lepidopterists= Society 20(3): 129-155, 2 pls., 1 tbl.. {25 Aug 1966} 

Downey, John Charles & Arthur C. Allyn. 1973. Butterfly ultrastructure, 1. Sound production and associated abdominal structures in pupae of Lycaenidae and Riodinidae. Bulletin of the Allyn Museum 14: 1-48, 77 figs. {31 Dec 1973} 

Downey, John Charles & Arthur C. Allyn. 1981. Chorionic sculpturing in eggs of Lycaenidae. Part I. Bulletin of the Allyn Museum 61: 1-29, 67 figs. {16 Apr 1981} 

Emmel, Thomas Chadbourne and John F. Emmel. 1973b. The butterflies of southern California. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Science Series 26: xi + 148 pp., 10 pls., 77 figs. {30 Nov 1973} 

Fabricius, Johann Christian. 1781-[1782]. Species Insectorum exhibentes eorum differentias specificas, synonyma auctorum, loca natalia, metamorphosin adjectis observationibus, descriptionibus. Hamburgi & Kilonii, Carl Ernest, Bohnii, 2 volumes 1: viii + 1-552 (1781); 2: 1-494 {[Mar] 1781}; Appendix: 495-514, Index: 515-517 {1781 [28 Sep 1782]}

Hübner, Jacob. [1808]-[1825]. Zuträge zur Sammlung Exotischer Schmettlinge [sic!]. Augsburg, Author; Geyer after Hübner's death. 5 Volumes in parts. 127 unnumbered plates with unnamed 1000 numbered figures; short text to each volume. {[1808-[1837]} [description of Atlides dolichos

Scott, James A.  1992. Hostplant records for butterflies and skippers (mostly from Colorado) 1959-1991, with new life histories and notes on oviposition, immatures, and ecology. Papilio (n.s.) 6: 1-171, 10 tables. {5 Jul 1992} 

Scudder, Samuel Hubbard. 1868. [Untitled] Minutes. March 25, 1868...description of a new Butterfly from Florida. Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History 11: 435-436 {25 Mar 1868} [description of Thecla Juanita

Whittaker, Paul L. 1984. The insect fauna of Mistletoe (Phoradendron tomentosum, Loranthaceae) in Southern Texas. The Southwestern Naturalist 29(4): 435-444. {14 Nov 1984} 

Whittaker, Paul L. 1985. Population biology of the great purple hairstreak, Atlides halesus, in Texas (Lycaenidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists= Society 38(3): 179-185, 5 figs., 1 tbl. {24 Apr 1985} 

Winkler, Thesi. 1977. Ein Zipfelfalter (Atlides halesus Cramer, 1779) mit Pseudokopf (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae, Theclinae). A butterfly (Atlides halesus Cramer, 1779) with a pseudohead (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae, Theclinae). Zoologischer Anzeiger 198(1/2): 31-35, 2 figs. {1977}

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