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Atlides halesus corcorani Clench, 1942
(Great Blue Hairstreak)

Pinned Specimens photo collection:


Live Adults photo collection:

Immatures photo collection:

Larval Foodplants and Habitats photo collection:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:

Larval foodplants: Viscaceae: Phoradendron densum Torr. ex Trel. (on conifers), Phoradendron juniperinum Engelm. ex Gray (on Juniperus), Phoradendron macrophyllum (Engelm.) Cockerell (on Populus, Platanus racemosa, Juglans, Fraxinus)


(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Atlides Hübner, [1819]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (5): 80. Type-species: Papilio halesus Cramer, 1777, Uitl. Kapellen 2(9): 3, pl. 98, figs. B, C; (16): 149 (index), by designation of Scudder (1875), Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci., Boston 10(2): 124, no. 147.

=    Riojana d’Abrerra & Bálint, 2001

Conc. Atlas Butts. World: 195 Type-species: Thecla thargelia Burmeister, 1878, Descr. phys. Rép. Argentine 5(Lépid.)(1): 230, Atl. pl. 8, fig. 9.


Atlides halesus (Cramer, 1777)

Uitl. Kapellen 2(9): 3, pl. 98, figs. B ♂ D, C ♂ V; (16): 149 (index).

Original Combination: Pap[ilio]. Pleb[ejus]. Rural[is]. Halesus

Type Locality: “Virginien” “Virginie”

Types: Type(s) probably lost.

=    dolichos Hübner, 1823

Zutr. Samml. exot. Schmett. 2: pl. [39], figs. 219 ♀ D, 220 ♀ V [1821]; 9, no. 110 (1823, name given).

Original Combination: Atlides Dolichos

Type Locality: “Georgien in Florida”

Types: Type(s) probably lost.

This name was proposed (as “dolichus”) by Hübner [1819], Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (5): 80, no. 815; a nomen nudum.

=    juanita (Scudder, 1868)

Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 11: 435-436.

Original Combination: Thecla Juanita

Type Locality: “Pilatka, Florida” [now Palatka, Putnam County]

Types: Type(s) may be in MCZ.


Atlides halesus corcorani Clench, 1942

Entomol. News 53(8): 219.

Original Combination: Atlides halesus corcorani form estesi, new normal form

Clench adopted Atlides halesus tr. f. corcorani Gunder, 1934, to represent a subspecies-level taxon, with the same data (Code Articles 10.2, 45.5.1).

                         =    ‡”corcorani” Gunder, 1934

Can. Entomol. 66(6): 131.

Original Combination: Atlides halesus tr. f. corcorani

Type Locality: “Riverside, Riverside County, Calif.” [California]

Types: “Holotype” in AMNH.

                         =    ‡estesi Clench, 1942

Entomol. News 53(8): 219-220.

Original Combination: Atlides halesus corcorani form estesi, new normal form

Type Locality: “Riverside, California” [Riverside County]

Types: “Holotype” (#25703) in MCZ.


Alcock, John. 1983. Territoriality by hilltopping males of the great purple hairstreak, Atlides halesus (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae): convergent evolution with a pompilid wasp. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 13(1): 57‑62. {Jul 1983} 

Ballmer, Gregory R. & Gordon F. Pratt. 1989. A survey of the last instar larvae of the Lycaenidae (Lepidoptera) of California. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 27(1):1-81. {Spring 1988, 1989} 

Clench, Harry Kendon. 1942. A new race of Atlides halesus Cramer from California. (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Entomological News 53(8): 219-221. {[15] Oct 1942} [adoption of Atlides halesus corcorani

Comstock, J. A. 1927. Butterflies of California. A popular guide to a knowledge of the butterflies of California embracing all of the 477 species and varieties at present recorded from the state. Los Angeles, California; Author: 334 pp., 63 pls. {1927} 

Comstock, J. A. 1932. Studies in Pacific Coast Lepidoptera (continued). Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 30(3): 87-92. {Sep-Dec 1931, 10 Feb 1932} 

Downey, John Charles. 1966. Sound production in pupae of Lycaenidae. Journal of the Lepidopterists= Society 20(3): 129-155, 2 pls., 1 tbl.. {25 Aug 1966} 

Downey, John Charles & Arthur C. Allyn. 1973. Butterfly ultrastructure, 1. Sound production and associated abdominal structures in pupae of Lycaenidae and Riodinidae. Bulletin of the Allyn Museum 14: 1-48, 77 figs. {31 Dec 1973} 

Downey, John Charles & Arthur C. Allyn. 1981. Chorionic sculpturing in eggs of Lycaenidae. Part I. Bulletin of the Allyn Museum 61: 1-29, 67 figs. {16 Apr 1981} 

Emmel, Thomas Chadbourne and John F. Emmel. 1973b. The butterflies of southern California. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Science Series 26: xi + 148 pp., 10 pls., 77 figs. {30 Nov 1973} 

Gunder, Jean Daniel. 1934. Various new butterflies (Lepid., Rhopalocera). Canadian Entomologist 66(6): 125-131. {30 Jun 1934} [description of Atlides halesus tr. f. corcorani

Miller, Jeffrey C. & Paul C. Hammond. 2003. Lepidoptera of the Pacific Northwest: caterpillars and adults. United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team, Washington, D.C.: iii + 324pp. {2003} 

Scott, James A. 1973. Down-valley flight of adult Theclini (Lycaenidae) in search of nourishment. Journal of the Lepidopterists= Society 27(4):283-287. {30 Nov 1973}

Scott, James A.  1992. Hostplant records for butterflies and skippers (mostly from Colorado) 1959-1991, with new life histories and notes on oviposition, immatures, and ecology. Papilio (n.s.) 6: 1-171, 10 tables. {5 Jul 1992} 

Warren, Andrew D. 2005. Butterflies of Oregon: their taxonomy, distribution, and biology. Fort Collins; Contributions of the C.P. Gillette Museum of Arthropod Diversity, Colorado State University: 405 pp., 3 maps. {15 Mar 2005} 

Whittaker, Paul L. 1984. The insect fauna of Mistletoe (Phoradendron tomentosum, Loranthaceae) in Southern Texas. The Southwestern Naturalist 29(4): 435-444. {14 Nov 1984} 

Whittaker, Paul L. 1985. Population biology of the great purple hairstreak, Atlides halesus, in Texas (Lycaenidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists= Society 38(3): 179-185, 5 figs., 1 tbl. {24 Apr 1985} 

Winkler, Thesi. 1977. Ein Zipfelfalter (Atlides halesus Cramer, 1779) mit Pseudokopf (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae, Theclinae). A butterfly (Atlides halesus Cramer, 1779) with a pseudohead (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae, Theclinae). Zoologischer Anzeiger 198(1/2): 31-35, 2 figs. {1977}

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