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Boloria frigga gibsoni (W. Barnes & Benjamin, 1926)
(Frigga Fritillary)

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(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Boloria Moore, 1900

Lepid. Ind. 4(48): 243-244. Type-species: Papilio pales [Schiffermüller], 1775, Ankündung eines syst. Werkes Schmett. Wiener Gegend: 177, no. 8, by original designation. The genus-level synonymy adopted herein is derived from Grey (1989), J. Lepid. Soc. 43(1): 2, Aubert et al. (1996), C. R. Acad. Sci. (Ser. 3) Sci. Vie 319(7): 647-651, and Simonsen (2005), Syst. Entomol. 30(4): 653-665.


selene group Gorbunov, 2001

Butts. Russia Class.: 195.


Boloria frigga (Thunberg, 1791)

Entomol. Sist. Ins. Svec. (2): 33-34.

Original Combination: Papilio Frigga P[apilio]. n[ymphalis]. ph[aleratus].

Type Locality: “Lapponiae sylvis”; lectotype from “Sweden: Lappland.”

Types: Lectotype in UZIU, designated by Karsholt and Nielsen (1986), Entomol. Scand. 16(4): 446.

            =    maritima Kardakoff, 1928

Entomol. Mitt. 17(4): 270. pl. 7, fig. 4.

Original Combination: Argynnis frigga maritima

Type Locality: “Primorye: Ternei Bay” [Russia]

Types: Location of type(s) not known.

            =    helvenacius Sedykh, 1977

Geogr. Aspect. Conserv. Flora Faun. NE Europ. USSR: 102.

Original Combination: B[oloria]. frigga subsp. nova helvenacius

Type Locality: “Polar Urals” [Polar Ural, Komi Republic, Russia]

Types: Syntypes possibly in ZIN.


Boloria frigga gibsoni (W. Barnes & Benjamin, 1926)

Bull. South. Calif. Acad. Sci. 25(3): 92, no. 197d.

Original Combination: Brenthis frigga race gibsoni

Type Locality: “Barter Island, Northern Alaska”

Types: Syntypes in CNC; one figured by Gibson (1920), Rept. Can. Arctic Exped. 3(i): 57i, pl. 5, fig. 1 ♂ D.

Layberry, et al. (1998), Butts. Can.: 178, suggested that this may be a species-level taxon.

                         =    ‡alaskensis (Lehmann, 1913)

In: Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde 5(173): 424; (178): pl. 87e, fig. [3] ♀ D.

Original Combination: [Argynnis frigga] fa. alaskensis

Type Locality: “nördöstlichen Alaska (69o 40' nördl. Breite, 141o westl. Länge)”

Types: One probable syntype in ZMUC, others may be in SMF.

Secondarily preoccupied by Brenthis pales alaskensis W. Holland, 1900, Entomol. News 11(3): 383, no. 6.

                   =    lehmanni (W. Holland, 1928)

Ann. Carnegie Mus. 19(1): 44, no. 10.

Original Combination: B[renthis]. frigga var. lehmanni nom. nov.

Proposed to replace Argynnis frigga fa. alaskensis Lehmann, 1913, with the same data (Code Article 60.3). According to Code Article 59.3, this permanently invalidates alaskensis since the name gibsoni has traditionally been used for this taxon.



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