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Calephelis n. nemesis (W. H. Edwards, 1871)
(Fatal Calephelis)

Pinned Specimens photo collection:


 

Live Adults photo collection Page 1:

Live Adults photo collection Page 2:


 

Immatures photo collection:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

Larval foodplants: These foodplants are used by other subspecies of Calephelis nemesis.  It is not known if they are used by Calephelis nemesis nemesis

Asteraceae: Baccharis salicifolia  (Ruiz & Pavón) Pers.; Encelia californica  Nutt. 

Ranunculaceae: Clematis henryi Oliv. in Hook.; Clematis drummondii  Torr. & Gray

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Calephelis Grote & Robinson, 1869

Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 2(3): 310-311. Type-species: Erycina virginiensis G. Gray, 1832, in Griffith, Cuvier's Anim. Kingd. 15(2): pl. 58, figs. 1, 1a (= Erycinia virginiensis Guérin-Méneville, [1832], Icon. Règne Anim. Cuvier (Ins.) 2(18): pl. 81, figs. 1, 1a; 3: 489 [1844]), by designation of I.C.Z.N. Opinion 755; the same Opinion placed this name on the Official List of Generic Names in Zoology as name no. 1694.

      =    ‡Lephelisca W. Barnes & Lindsey, 1922

Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 15(1): 93. Type-species: Erycinia virginiensis Guérin-Méneville, [1831], Icon. Règne Anim. Cuvier (Ins.) 2(18): pl. 81, figs. 1, 1a; 3: 489 [1844], by original designation. I.C.Z.N. Opinion 755 placed this name on the Official Index of Rejected and Invalid Names in Zoology as name no. 1774.

 

Calephelis nemesis (W. H. Edwards, 1871)

 

Calephelis nemesis nemesis (W. H. Edwards, 1871)

Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 3(2): 205, 212, no. 13.

Original Combination: Charis Nemesis

Type Locality: “Arizona”; defined as “vicinity of Tucson, Pima Co., Arizona” by F. Brown (1968), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 94(2): 126-127.

Types: Holotype in CMNH, figured by F. Brown (1968), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 94(2): fig. 5 ♂ D&V.

Bibliography

Ballmer, Gregory R. & Gordon F. Pratt. 1989. A survey of the last instar larvae of the Lycaenidae (Lepidoptera) of California. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 27(1):1-81. {Spring 1988, 1989} 

Brown, Frederick Martin. 1968. The Types of the Riodinid Butterflies Described by William Henry Edwards. Transactions of the american entomological Society 94(2): 111-136 {26 Jun 1968} 

Edwards, William Henry. 1871. Descriptions of New Species of Diurnal Lepidoptera found within the United States. Transactions of the american entomological Society 3(3/4): 205-216 {Jan (pre-print [Feb]) 1871; paper [30 Apr 1872]} [description of Charis Nemesis

Field, William Dewitt. 1948. The correct name for the North American butterfly variously called Nymphidium, Calephelis or Lephelisca (Lepidoptera, Riodinidae). Proceedings of the entomological Society of Washington 50(8): 207-213 {30 Nov 1948} 

Glassberg, Jeffrey. 1999. Metalmarks of the Lower Rio Grande Valley. American Buttertflies 7(1): 22-27 {Spring 1999} 

Grote, Augustus Radcliffe and Coleman Townsend Robinson. 1869. On the American Butterflies referred to the Genus Charis by Doubleday. Transactions of the american entomological Society 2(3): 310-311 {Oct 1868-Apr 1869; [8 Nov] 1869} 

Hall, Jason Piers Wilton, and Donald James Harvey. 2002. A phylogenetic review of Charis and Calephelis (Lepidoptera: Riodinidae). Annals of the entomological Society of America 95(4): 407-421, 11 figs., 4 tbls. {Jul 2002} 

International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature. 1966. Opinion 755. Calephelis Grote & Robinson, 1869 (Insecta, Lepidoptera): Designation of a type-species under the Plenary Powers. Bulletin of zoological Nomenclature 22(5/6): 282-283 (31 Jan `966} 

McAlpine, Wilbur S. 1971. A revision of the butterfly genus Calephelis (Riodinidae). Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 10(1): 1-125, 26 figs. {Mar 1971} 

Neck, Raymond W. 1996 (with photography by Geyata Ajivisgi and others). A Field Guide to Butterflies of Texas. Houston; Gulf Publishing Co.; Texas Montlhy Field Guide Series: xvii, 323 pp., 64 pls., figs. {1996} 

Scott, James A. 1986. Butterflies of North America, a Natural History and Field Guide. Stanford; Stanford University Press: xv + 583 pp., 64 pls., 71 figs. 2 tabs., maps {[26 Sep] 1986}

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