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Callophrys augustinus iroides (Boisduval, 1852)
(Brown Elfin)

Type Specimens
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Pinned Specimens
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Live Adults photo collection
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Larval Foodplants and Habitats
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Distribution and Larval Foodplants:

Baja California Norte


(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Callophrys Billberg, 1820

Enum. Ins. Mus. Billb.: 80. Type-species: Papilio rubi Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 483, no. 154, by designation of Scudder (1875), Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci., Boston 10(2): 132, no. 202.


Callophrys augustinus (Westwood, 1852)

In: Gen. diurn. Lepid. 2(52): 486, no. 104.

Original Combination: Th[ecla]. Augustinus

Proposed to replace Thecla augustus W. Kirby, 1837, preoccupied, with the same data (Code Article 60.3).

=    ‡augustus (W. Kirby, 1837)

Fauna Bor.-Am. [4]: 298, no. 1, pl. 3, figs. 4 ♂ D, 5 ♂ V.

Original Combination: Thecla Augustus

Type Locality: “Lat. 54o”; stated to be “Cumberland House, Lat. 54o N, Saskatchewan” by Klots (1951), Field Guide Butts. N. Am.: 146; defined as “north end of Lake Winnipeg” by W. Forbes (1960), Mem. Cornell Univ. Agric. exp. Sta. 371 (part 4): 133; neotype from “Fawcett, Alberta.”

Types: Neotype in AMNH, designated by dos Passos (1943), Am. Mus. Novit. (1230): 2.

Preoccupied by Hesperia augustus Fabricius, 1793, Entomol. Syst. 3(1): 275, no. 62, considered to be in Thecla at the time of the replacement. This name was replaced by augustinus Westwood, 1852; even though the secondary homonymy no longer exists, the rules governing replacement names apply (Code Articles 57.3.1, 59.3).


Callophrys augustinus iroides (Boisduval, 1852)

Annls. Soc. Entomol. Fr. (2)10(2): 289-290, no. 20; figured by Oberthür (1913), Étud. Lépid. Comp. 9(1): pl. 235, fig. 1924 ♀ D&V.

Original Combination: Thecla iroides

Type Locality: “d’une grande partie de la California”; defined as “San Francisco, California” by dos Passos (1943), Am. Mus. Novit. (1230): 3; subsequently defined as “Hwy 70 at Soda Creek, E. Branch North Fork Feather River Canyon, Plumas County, California” by J. Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (2): 10.

Types: Lectotype in USNM, designated by dos Passos (1943), Am. Mus. Novit. (1230): 3. This is the specimen figured by Oberthür (1913).

                         =    ‡”immaculata” (Cockle, 1897)

Can. Entomol. 42(6): 204.

Original Combination: Thecla iroides var. immaculata

Type Locality: “Kaslo, B. C.” [British Columbia]

Types: “Holotype” in CNC.

The text clearly indicates that this taxon was described as an individual variant.



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