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Chlosyne acastus neumoegeni (Skinner, 1895)
(Sagebrush Checkerspot)

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Asteraceae: Acamptopappus shockleyi Gray, Acamptopappus sphaerocephalus var. hirtellus  Blake, Sericocarpus tortifolius (Michx.) Nees

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Chlosyne Butler, 1870

Cist. Entomol. 1(3): 38, no. 37. Type-species: Papilio janais Drury, 1782, Ill. Nat. Hist., 3: 22, index, pl. 17, figs. 5, 6, as replacement name. Proposed to replace Synchloe E. Doubleday, 1844, preoccupied (Code Articles 60.3, 67.8). The synonymy for this genus follows Wahlberg and Zimmerman (2000), Cladistics 16(4): 347-363.

      =    ‡Morpheis Geyer, [1833]

In: Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett. 3: pl [5], figs. 1-4. Type-species: Morpheis ehrenbergii Geyer, [1833], in: Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett., 3: pl [5], figs. 1-4, by monotypy. Preoccupied by Morpheis Hübner, [1820], Verz. bekannt. Schmett., 13: 196.

      =    ‡Synchloe E. Doubleday, [1845]

List Spec. Lepid. Brit. Mus. 1: 76. Type-species: Papilio janais Drury, 1782, Ill. Nat. Hist. 3: 22, index, pl. 17, figs. 5, 6, by designation of Scudder (1875), Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci., Boston 10(2): 141, no. 253. Preoccupied by Synchloe Hübner, 1818, Zutr. Samml. exot. Schmett. 1: 26.

      =    ‡Coatlantona W. F. Kirby, 1871

Syn. Cat. diurn. Lepid.: 178. Type-species: Papilio janais Drury, 1782, Ill. Nat. Hist. 3: 22, index, pl. 17, figs. 5, 6, as replacement name. Proposed to replace Synchloe E. Doubleday, 1844, preoccupied (Code Articles 60.3, 67.8). A junior objective synonym of Chlosyne Butler, 1870.

=    Anemeca W. F. Kirby, 1871

Syn. Cat. diurn. Lepid.: 179. Type-species: Morpheis ehrenbergii Geyer, [1833], in: Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett. 3: pl [5], figs. 1-4, as replacement name. Proposed to replace Morpheis Geyer, [1833], in: Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett. 3: pl [5], figs. 1-4, preoccupied (Code Articles 60.3, 67.8).

=    Charidryas Scudder, 1872

4th Ann. Rept. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 47. Type-species: Melitaea nycteis E. Doubleday, 1847, in: Gen. diurn. Lepid. (1)(12): pl. 23, fig. 3; (21): 181, no. 23 (1848), by original designation.

      =    ‡Limnaecia Scudder, 1872

4th Ann. Rept. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 47. Type-species: Melitaea harrisii Scudder, 1863, Proc. Essex Inst. 3: 167-168, no. 36, by original designation. Preoccupied by Limnaecia Stainton, 1851, Suppl. Cat. Brit. Pteroph.: 4.

=    Thessalia Scudder, 1875

Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci. 2(4): 238, 265, no. 49. Type-species: Melitaea leanira C. Felder & R. Felder, 1860, Wien. Entomol. Montaschr. 4(4): 106, no. 64, by original designation.

 

Chlosyne acastus (W. H. Edwards, 1874) (1870)

The name acastus has long been associated with this suite of taxa. The discovery that populations given the name sterope (W. H. Edwards, 1870), formerly considered a subspecies of Chlosyne palla (Boisduval, 1852), are actually conspecific with C. acastus, threatens the seniority of the latter name; see A. Warren (2005), Butts. Ore.: 225-232. Replacing acastus with sterope as the species-level name (e.g., Scott (2006), Papilio (n.s.) 12: 37-38), would create an unnecessary and cumbersome reassignment of names. A paper is being prepared to cite the evidence for implementation of Code Article 81.2.3, to grant acastus status as a nomen protectum.

Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 5(1): 16-17.

Original Combination: Melitaea Acastus

Type Locality: “Montana...Nevada...Southern Utah”; defined as “Provo Canyon, Utah County, Utah” by F. Brown (1966), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 92(3): 402-403.

Types: Lectotype in CMNH, designated by F. Brown (1966), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 92(3): 404, fig. 16 ♂ D&V; figured by W. Holland (1898), Butt. Book: pl. 16, fig. 11 ♂ D.

 

Chlosyne acastus neumoegeni (Skinner, 1895)

Entomol. News 6(4): 113.

Original Combination: Melitaea neumoegeni

Type Locality: “Utah”; syntype from “Virgin River Valley, Washington Co., Utah.”

Types: Syntype (#7019) in ANSP; one figured by W. Holland (1931), Butt. Book (rev. ed.): pl. 56, fig. 16 ♂ V.

                         =    ‡”fridayi” (Gunder, 1932)

Can. Entomol. 64(12): 283.

Original Combination: Melitaea neumoegeni tr. f. fridayi

Type Locality: “Little Rock, Los Angeles Co., Calif.” [California]

Types: “Holotype” in AMNH.

                         =    ‡”boharti” (Gunder, 1933)

Can. Entomol. 65(8): 173.

Original Combination: Melitaea neumoegeni tr. f. boharti

Type Locality: “Little Rock, Los Angeles Co., Calif.” [California]

Types: “Holotype” in AMNH.

Bibliography

Comstock, John Adams. 1923. Studies in Pacific Coast Lepidoptera. Early stages of Melitaea neumoegeni, Skinner. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 22(2): 69, pl. 15 {Jul 1923} 

Comstock, John Adams. 1927. Butterflies of California. A popular guide to a knowledge of the butterflies of California embracing all of the 477 species and varieties at present recorded from the state. Author, Los Angeles, California. 334 pp., 63 pls. {1927} 

Comstock, John Adams. 1928. Studies in Pacific Coast Lepidoptera (continued). Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 27(2): 63-66, pls. 2-5 {May-Aug 1928} 

Comstock, John Adams. 1931. Studies in Pacific Coast Lepidoptera (continued). Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 30(1): 15-20. {Jan Apr, 25 May 1931} 

Davenport, Ken. 1983. Geographic distribution and checklist of the butterflies of Kern County, California. Journal of the Lepidopterists= Society 37(1): 46-69 {19 Aug 1983} 

Ferris, Clifford Duras and Frederick Martin Brown. 1981. Butterflies of the Rocky Mountain States. Oklahoma; Univ. Oklahoma Press: 442 pp., 4 cpls., many figures [contributions from Donald Eff, Scott Ellis, Michael Fisher, Lee D. Miller, James Scott and Raymond Stanford] {1981} 

Gillham, Nicholas W. and Paul Ralph Ehrlich. 1954. The butterfly types of Henry Skinner and co-authors in the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 80(3/4): 91-117 {20 Aug 1954} 

Gunder, Jean Daniel. 1932. New Rhopalocera (Lepidoptera). Canadian Entomologist 64(12): 276-284. {31 Dec 1932} [description of Melitaea neumoegeni transition form fridayi

Gunder, Jean Daniel. 1933. Additional new Rhopalocera (Lepidoptera). Canadian Entomologist 65(8): 171-173. {Aug 1933} [description of  Melitaea neumoegeni transition form boharti

Gunder, Jeane Daniel. 1930. Butterflies of Los Angeles County, California. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Science 29(2): 39-95, pls. 18-23. {May-Aug 1930, 15 Aug 1930} 

Gunder, Jean Daniel. 1932. New Rhopalocera (Lepidoptera). Canadian Entomology 64(12): 276-284 {31 Dec 1932} [description of Melitaea neumoegeni tr[ansition]. f[orm]. fridayi]

Higgins, Lionel George. 1960. A revision of the melitaeine genus Chlosyne and allied species (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London 112(14): 381-467, 134 figs. {31 Dec 1960} 

Hoffmann, Carlos Christian. 1940. Catálogo systemático y zoogeográphico de los Lepidópteros Mexicanos, Primera parte. Papilionoidea. Anales del Instituto de Biología. Universidad Nacional de México 11(2): 639-739, 2 maps. {[after 28 Dec] 1940} 

Holland, William Jacob. 1931. The butterfly book. New and thoroughly revised edition.  A popular and scientific manual, describing and depicting all the butterflies of the United States and Canada. Garden City, New York; Doubleday, Doran & Co.  xii + 424 pp., 77 pls., 198 + [1] text figures. {1931}

Seitz, Adalbert. 1916. 3. Gattung Melitaea. Nachtrag. In: A. Seitz (Ed.), Die Gross-Schmetterlinge der Erde 5(212): 597, pl. 103 {15 May 1916} 

Skinner, Henry. 1895. Notes of Rhopalocera, with descriptions of new species. Entomological News 6(4): 112-114 {Apr, [29 Mar] 1895} [description of Melitaea neumoegeni]

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