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Chlosyne acastus vallismortis (J. Johnson, 1938)(emended)
(Sagebrush Checkerspot)

Type Specimens photo collection:

Pinned Specimens photo collection:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

Asteraceae:

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Chlosyne Butler, 1870

Cist. Entomol. 1(3): 38, no. 37. Type-species: Papilio janais Drury, 1782, Ill. Nat. Hist., 3: 22, index, pl. 17, figs. 5, 6, as replacement name. Proposed to replace Synchloe E. Doubleday, 1844, preoccupied (Code Articles 60.3, 67.8). The synonymy for this genus follows Wahlberg and Zimmerman (2000), Cladistics 16(4): 347-363.

      =    ‡Morpheis Geyer, [1833]

In: Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett. 3: pl [5], figs. 1-4. Type-species: Morpheis ehrenbergii Geyer, [1833], in: Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett., 3: pl [5], figs. 1-4, by monotypy. Preoccupied by Morpheis Hübner, [1820], Verz. bekannt. Schmett., 13: 196.

      =    ‡Synchloe E. Doubleday, [1845]

List Spec. Lepid. Brit. Mus. 1: 76. Type-species: Papilio janais Drury, 1782, Ill. Nat. Hist. 3: 22, index, pl. 17, figs. 5, 6, by designation of Scudder (1875), Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci., Boston 10(2): 141, no. 253. Preoccupied by Synchloe Hübner, 1818, Zutr. Samml. exot. Schmett. 1: 26.

      =    ‡Coatlantona W. F. Kirby, 1871

Syn. Cat. diurn. Lepid.: 178. Type-species: Papilio janais Drury, 1782, Ill. Nat. Hist. 3: 22, index, pl. 17, figs. 5, 6, as replacement name. Proposed to replace Synchloe E. Doubleday, 1844, preoccupied (Code Articles 60.3, 67.8). A junior objective synonym of Chlosyne Butler, 1870.

=    Anemeca W. F. Kirby, 1871

Syn. Cat. diurn. Lepid.: 179. Type-species: Morpheis ehrenbergii Geyer, [1833], in: Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett. 3: pl [5], figs. 1-4, as replacement name. Proposed to replace Morpheis Geyer, [1833], in: Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett. 3: pl [5], figs. 1-4, preoccupied (Code Articles 60.3, 67.8).

=    Charidryas Scudder, 1872

4th Ann. Rept. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 47. Type-species: Melitaea nycteis E. Doubleday, 1847, in: Gen. diurn. Lepid. (1)(12): pl. 23, fig. 3; (21): 181, no. 23 (1848), by original designation.

      =    ‡Limnaecia Scudder, 1872

4th Ann. Rept. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 47. Type-species: Melitaea harrisii Scudder, 1863, Proc. Essex Inst. 3: 167-168, no. 36, by original designation. Preoccupied by Limnaecia Stainton, 1851, Suppl. Cat. Brit. Pteroph.: 4.

=    Thessalia Scudder, 1875

Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci. 2(4): 238, 265, no. 49. Type-species: Melitaea leanira C. Felder & R. Felder, 1860, Wien. Entomol. Montaschr. 4(4): 106, no. 64, by original designation.

 

Chlosyne acastus (W. H. Edwards, 1874) (1870)

The name acastus has long been associated with this suite of taxa. The discovery that populations given the name sterope (W. H. Edwards, 1870), formerly considered a subspecies of Chlosyne palla (Boisduval, 1852), are actually conspecific with C. acastus, threatens the seniority of the latter name; see A. Warren (2005), Butts. Ore.: 225-232. Replacing acastus with sterope as the species-level name (e.g., Scott (2006), Papilio (n.s.) 12: 37-38), would create an unnecessary and cumbersome reassignment of names. A paper is being prepared to cite the evidence for implementation of Code Article 81.2.3, to grant acastus status as a nomen protectum.

Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 5(1): 16-17.

Original Combination: Melitaea Acastus

Type Locality: “Montana...Nevada...Southern Utah”; defined as “Provo Canyon, Utah County, Utah” by F. Brown (1966), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 92(3): 402-403.

Types: Lectotype in CMNH, designated by F. Brown (1966), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 92(3): 404, fig. 16 ♂ D&V; figured by W. Holland (1898), Butt. Book: pl. 16, fig. 11 ♂ D.

 

Chlosyne acastus vallismortis (J. Johnson, 1938) (emended)

Bull. South. Calif. Acad. Sci. 37(1): 18-20.

Original Combination: Melitaea palla vallis-mortis

Type Locality: “Tuber Canyon Spring in the Panamint Mountains...Tuber Canyon, Panamint Mountains, elevation 8,000 feet, Death Valley National Monument, California” [Inyo County]

Type Locality: Holotype in LACM.

J. Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (12): 141, placed this taxon here.

Bibliography

Austin, George T. and Dennis M. Murphy. 1989. Book Review: A field guide to western butterflies. Tilden J. W. and A. C. Smith, 1986. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 26(1-4): 278-283. {Autumn, 1987(1988), 2 Mar 1989} 

Davenport, Kenneth E. 2004a. A concise update of the information provided in The Butterflies of southern California (1973) by Thomas C. Emmel and John F. Emmel. Taxonomic Report of the International Lepidoptera Survey 4(7): 1-23 {10 May 2004} 

Emmel, Thomas Chadbourne and John F. Emmel. 1973b. The butterflies of southern California. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Science Series 26: xi + 148 pp., 10 pls., 77 figs. {30 Nov 1973} 

Emmel, John F., Thomas Chadbourne Emmel and Sterling O. Mattoon. 1998. 12. New subspecies of Nymphalidae (Lepidoptera) from California and a neotype designation for Argynnis rupestris Behr (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Pp. 139-158, 50 figs., in: T. C. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press; {[18] Dec 1998} 

Higgins, Lionel George. 1960. A revision of the melitaeine genus Chlosyne and allied species (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London 112(14): 381-467, 134 figs. {31 Dec 1960} 

Johnson, John Warren. 1938. A new subspecies of Melitaea palla Boisduval, 1852. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 37(1): 18-20 {Jan-Apr, 30 Apr 1938} [description of Melitaea palla vallismortis emended] 

Scott, James A. 1986. Butterflies of North America, a natural history and field guide. Stanford; Stanford University Press: xv + 583 pp., 64 pls., 71 figs. 2 tabs., maps {[26 Sep] 1986}

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