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Chlosyne californica (W. G. Wright, 1905)
(California Patch)

Type Specimens
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Pinned Specimens
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Live Adults photo collection
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Live Adults photo collection
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Immatures
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Larval Foodplants and Habitats
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Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

Larval Foodplants
Asteraceae: Viguiera parishii Greene, occasionally Helianthus annuus L.

Synonymy

Genus Chlosyne Butler, 1870

Cist. Entomol. 1(3): 38, no. 37. Type-species: Papilio janais Drury, 1782, Ill. Nat. Hist., 3: 22, index, pl. 17, figs. 5, 6, as replacement name. Proposed to replace Synchloe E. Doubleday, 1844, preoccupied (Code Articles 60.3, 67.8). The synonymy for this genus follows Wahlberg and Zimmerman (2000), Cladistics 16(4): 347-363.

      =    ‡Morpheis Geyer, [1833]

In: Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett. 3: pl [5], figs. 1-4. Type-species: Morpheis ehrenbergii Geyer, [1833], in: Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett., 3: pl [5], figs. 1-4, by monotypy. Preoccupied by Morpheis Hübner, [1820], Verz. bekannt. Schmett., 13: 196.

      =    ‡Synchloe E. Doubleday, [1845]

List Spec. Lepid. Brit. Mus. 1: 76. Type-species: Papilio janais Drury, 1782, Ill. Nat. Hist. 3: 22, index, pl. 17, figs. 5, 6, by designation of Scudder (1875), Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci., Boston 10(2): 141, no. 253. Preoccupied by Synchloe Hübner, 1818, Zutr. Samml. exot. Schmett. 1: 26.

      =    ‡Coatlantona W. F. Kirby, 1871

Syn. Cat. diurn. Lepid.: 178. Type-species: Papilio janais Drury, 1782, Ill. Nat. Hist. 3: 22, index, pl. 17, figs. 5, 6, as replacement name. Proposed to replace Synchloe E. Doubleday, 1844, preoccupied (Code Articles 60.3, 67.8). A junior objective synonym of Chlosyne Butler, 1870.

=    Anemeca W. F. Kirby, 1871

Syn. Cat. diurn. Lepid.: 179. Type-species: Morpheis ehrenbergii Geyer, [1833], in: Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett. 3: pl [5], figs. 1-4, as replacement name. Proposed to replace Morpheis Geyer, [1833], in: Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett. 3: pl [5], figs. 1-4, preoccupied (Code Articles 60.3, 67.8).

=    Charidryas Scudder, 1872

4th Ann. Rept. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 47. Type-species: Melitaea nycteis E. Doubleday, 1847, in: Gen. diurn. Lepid. (1)(12): pl. 23, fig. 3; (21): 181, no. 23 (1848), by original designation.

      =    ‡Limnaecia Scudder, 1872

4th Ann. Rept. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 47. Type-species: Melitaea harrisii Scudder, 1863, Proc. Essex Inst. 3: 167-168, no. 36, by original designation. Preoccupied by Limnaecia Stainton, 1851, Suppl. Cat. Brit. Pteroph.: 4.

=    Thessalia Scudder, 1875

Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci. 2(4): 238, 265, no. 49. Type-species: Melitaea leanira C. Felder & R. Felder, 1860, Wien. Entomol. Montaschr. 4(4): 106, no. 64, by original designation.

 

Chlosyne californica (W. G. Wright, 1905)

Butts. W. Coast: 56, no. 212; 170, no. 212, pl. 21, figs. 212 ♂ D, 212a ♂ D (lectotype), 212b ♀ D, 212bb ♀ D, 212c ♀ V.

Original Combination: [Synchloe] Californica; Synchloe Californica n. s.

Type Locality: “Colorado Desert of Southeast. Cal.” [San Bernardino County, California]

Types: Lectotype (#4309) in CAS, designated by Tilden (1975), Occ. Pap. Calif. Acad. Sci. (118): 24.

                   =    ‡”chinoi” Gunder, 1924

Entomol. News 35(5): 157, pl. 2, fig. I ♀ D (“holotype”).

Original Combination: Chlosyne california ab. ♀ chinoi

Type Locality: “Palm Springs (Chino Canyon), Riverside County, California”

Types: “Holotype” in AMNH; figured by J. A. Comstock (1927), Butts. Calif.: pl. 38, fig. 15 ♀ D.

Bibliography

Austin, George T. and Anna T. Austin. 1981. Butterflies of Clark County, Nevada. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 19(1): 1-63, 5 tbls. {Spring, 1980(81), 1 Dec 1981} 

Barnes, William and James Halliday McDunnough. 1916. Notes on North American diurnal Lepidoptera. Contributions to the Natural History of the Lepidoptera of North America 3(2): 49-156, 8 pls. {15 Dec 1916} 

Comstock, John Adams. 1927. Butterflies of California. A popular guide to a knowledge of the butterflies of California embracing all of the 477 species and varieties at present recorded from the state. Author, Los Angeles, California. 334 pp., 63 pls. {1927} 

Comstock, John Adams. 1929. Studies in Pacific Coast Lepidoptera (continued). Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 28(3): 50-58, pls. 25-32 {Sep-Dec 1929} 

Duran, Victor and Fordyce Grinnell, Jr. 1915. Three Synchloes, their differences and relations (Lep.). Entomological News 26(4): 173-174. {Apr [31 Mar] 1915} 

Gunder, Jean Daniel. 1924. Several new aberrant Lepidoptera (Rhopalocera) from California. Entomological News 35(5): 153-158, pl. 2. {8 May 1924} [description of Chlosyne californica ab. & chinoi

Higgins, Lionel George. 1960. A revision of the melitaeine genus Chlosyne and allied species (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London 112(14): 381-467, 134 figs. {31 Dec 1960} 

Hoffmann, Carlos Christian. 1940. Catálogo systemático y zoogeográphico de los Lepidópteros Mexicanos, Primera parte. Papilionoidea. Anales del Instituto de Biología. Universidad Nacional de México 11(2): 639-739, 2 maps. {[after 28 Dec] 1940} 

Tilden, James William. 1975. An analysis of the W. G. Wright butterfly and skipper plesiotypes in the collection of the California Academy of Sciences. Occasional Papers of the California Academy of Sciences (118): 1-44. {16 Jan 1975} 

Thorne, Fred. 1962. Larval notes on Chlosyne lacinia and C. californica. Journal of the Lepidopterists= Society 16(1): 61 {30 Aug 1962} 

Wright, William Greenwood. 1905. Butterflies of the West Coast of the United States. San Bernardino, California: 257 pp., 31 pls. {1905} [description of Synchloe Californica]

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