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Chlosyne cyneas (Godman & Salvin, 1878)
(Cyneas Checkerspot)

Pinned Specimens
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Pinned Specimens
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Live Adults photo collection
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Immatures
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Larval Foodplants and Habitats
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Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

Scrophulariaceae: Brachystigma Pennell, Castilleja tenuiflora  Benth., Seymeria tenuisecta (Pennell) Standley

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Chlosyne Butler, 1870

Cist. Entomol. 1(3): 38, no. 37. Type-species: Papilio janais Drury, 1782, Ill. Nat. Hist., 3: 22, index, pl. 17, figs. 5, 6, as replacement name. Proposed to replace Synchloe E. Doubleday, 1844, preoccupied (Code Articles 60.3, 67.8). The synonymy for this genus follows Wahlberg and Zimmerman (2000), Cladistics 16(4): 347-363.

      =    ‡Morpheis Geyer, [1833]

In: Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett. 3: pl [5], figs. 1-4. Type-species: Morpheis ehrenbergii Geyer, [1833], in: Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett., 3: pl [5], figs. 1-4, by monotypy. Preoccupied by Morpheis Hübner, [1820], Verz. bekannt. Schmett., 13: 196.

      =    ‡Synchloe E. Doubleday, [1845]

List Spec. Lepid. Brit. Mus. 1: 76. Type-species: Papilio janais Drury, 1782, Ill. Nat. Hist. 3: 22, index, pl. 17, figs. 5, 6, by designation of Scudder (1875), Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci., Boston 10(2): 141, no. 253. Preoccupied by Synchloe Hübner, 1818, Zutr. Samml. exot. Schmett. 1: 26.

      =    ‡Coatlantona W. F. Kirby, 1871

Syn. Cat. diurn. Lepid.: 178. Type-species: Papilio janais Drury, 1782, Ill. Nat. Hist. 3: 22, index, pl. 17, figs. 5, 6, as replacement name. Proposed to replace Synchloe E. Doubleday, 1844, preoccupied (Code Articles 60.3, 67.8). A junior objective synonym of Chlosyne Butler, 1870.

=    Anemeca W. F. Kirby, 1871

Syn. Cat. diurn. Lepid.: 179. Type-species: Morpheis ehrenbergii Geyer, [1833], in: Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett. 3: pl [5], figs. 1-4, as replacement name. Proposed to replace Morpheis Geyer, [1833], in: Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett. 3: pl [5], figs. 1-4, preoccupied (Code Articles 60.3, 67.8).

=    Charidryas Scudder, 1872

4th Ann. Rept. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 47. Type-species: Melitaea nycteis E. Doubleday, 1847, in: Gen. diurn. Lepid. (1)(12): pl. 23, fig. 3; (21): 181, no. 23 (1848), by original designation.

      =    ‡Limnaecia Scudder, 1872

4th Ann. Rept. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 47. Type-species: Melitaea harrisii Scudder, 1863, Proc. Essex Inst. 3: 167-168, no. 36, by original designation. Preoccupied by Limnaecia Stainton, 1851, Suppl. Cat. Brit. Pteroph.: 4.

=    Thessalia Scudder, 1875

Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci. 2(4): 238, 265, no. 49. Type-species: Melitaea leanira C. Felder & R. Felder, 1860, Wien. Entomol. Montaschr. 4(4): 106, no. 64, by original designation.

 

Chlosyne cyneas (Godman & Salvin, 1878)

Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1878(1): 269, no. 12; figured by Godman and Salvin (1882), Biol. centr.-amer., Lepid. Rhop. 3(21): pl. 21, figs. 10 ♂ D, 11 ♂ V.

Original Combination: Phyciodes cyneas

Type Locality: “Mexico, mountains of Oaxaca”

Types: Holotype in BMNH.

                   =    ‡”infrequens” (Gunder, 1928)

Can. Entomol. 60(7): 166, pl. B, figs. 14 ♂ D, 14a ♂ V (“holotype”).

Original Combination: Melitaea (Lemonias) cyneas tr. f. infrequens

Type Locality: “Huachuca Mts., Ariz.” [Cochise County, Arizona]

Types: “Holotype” in AMNH.

Bibliography

Austin, George T. and Michael J. Smith. 1998. 27. Revision of the Thessalia leanira complex (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Melitaeinae): Thessalia leanira (C. & R. Felder), with descriptions of four new subspecies. Pp. 333-358, 67 figs., in: T. C. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of western North American butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press. {[18] Dec 1998} 

Bailowitz, Richard A. and James P. Brock. 1991. Butterflies of southeastern Arizona. Tucson, Arizona; Sonoran Arthropod Studies, Inc.: ix + 342 pp., 4 pls., figs. {1991}

Bauer, David L. 1975. Tribe Melitaeini. Pp. 139-195, in: W. H. Howe (ed.) The butterflies of North America. Garden City, New York, Doubleday & Co.: xiii + 633 pp.; 97 pls., 32 tf. {[7 Nov] 1975} 

Coolidge, Karl R.. 1910. Melitaea alma Strecker, and its synonymy. Canadian Entomologist 42(12): 425-431. {15 Dec 1910} 

Forbes, William Trowbridge Merrifield. 1928. A key to the forms of the genus Chlosyne (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae). Annals of the entomological Society of America 21(1): 98-100. {March, [18 April] 1928} 

Godman, Frederick du Cane and Osbert Salvin. 1878. 4. Descriptions of nineteen new species of diurnal Lepidoptera from Central America. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1878(1): 264-271. {19 Feb, May 1878} [description of Phyciodes cyneas

Godman, Frederick du Cane and Osbert Salvin. 1879-1901. Biologia Centrali-Americana. Zoology: Insecta. Lepidoptera-Rhopalocera. London; Taylor & Francis, 3 volumes (Vols. 36-38): 1(Nym., Rio.)(1879-1886); xlv + 487 pp.; 2(Pier., Pap., Lyc., Hes.)(1887-1901): 782 pp.; 3(plates): 1-48 (1879-1886); 49-112 (1887-1901). 

Gunder, Jean Daniel. 1928. Additional transition forms (Lepid., Rhopalocera). Canadian Entomologist 60(7): 162-168, pls. A, B. {30 Jul 1928} [description of Melitaea (Lemonias) cyneas tr. f. infrequens

Higgins, Henry Hugh. 1960. A revision of the melitaeine genus Chlosyne and allied species (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London 112(14): 381-467, 134 figs. {31 December 1960}

Hoffmann, Carlos Christian. 1940. Catálogo systemático y zoogeográphico de los Lepidópteros Mexicanos, Primera parte. Papilionoidea. Anales del Instituto de Biología. Universidad Nacional de México 11(2): 639-739, 2 maps. {[after 28 Dec] 1940} 

Maza, Roberto F. de la. 1987. Mariposas Mexicanas. Guía para su colecta y determinación. México, Fondo de Cultura Económica. 304 pp., 67 pls., 58 figs. (October) [Ed. 2, 1991]

Röber, Johannes Karl Max. 1913-1914. Gattung Phyciodes. In: A. Seitz (Ed.), Die Gross-Schmetterlinge der Erde 5(162): pl. 92. {5 Jun 1913}; (183): 434-448, pl. 90. {10 Dec 1913} English (182): {10 Jun 1913}; (188): 449-450, pls. 88, 89. {[before 28 Feb] 1914}; (189): pl. 91. {14 Apr 1914} 

Scott, James A.  1992. Hostplant records for butterflies and skippers (mostly from Colorado) 1959-1991, with new life histories and notes on oviposition, immatures, and ecology. Papilio (n.s.) 6: 1-171, 10 tbls. {5 Jul 1992} 

Staudinger, Otto. 1884-1888. I Theil. Exotischer Tagfalter in sytematischer Reihenfolge mit Berucksichtigung neuer Arten. In: O. Staudinger & E. Schatz (Eds.), Exotische Schmetterlinge. Furth (Bayern); G. Löwensohn; 1(1): iv + 333 pp., map; 1(2): 100 cpls.

Stone, Witmer. 1921. Butterflies of the Chiracahua Mountains, Arizona (Lepid., Rhop.) Entomological News 32(4): 112-115. {Apr 1921} 

Vargas Isabel, Moisés Armando Luis, Jorge Enrique Llorente and Andrew D. Warren. 1996. Butterflies of the State of Jalisco, Mexico. Journal of the Lepidopterists= Society 50(2): 97-138, 1 fig., 2 tabs. {5 Jul 1996} 

Verity, Ruggero. 1930. Notes on the relationship between the Melitaeidi and particularly between those of the athalia, Rott., group. Entomologists' Record and Journal of Variation 42(3): 40-44, 1 tbl. {1930} 

Wahlberg, Niklas & Marie Zimmerman. 2000. Pattern of phylogenetic relationships among members of the tribe Melitaeini (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences. Cladistics 16(4): 347-363, 4 figs., 3 tbls. {Dec 2000} 

Wright, William Greenwood. 1905. Butterflies of the West Coast of the United States. San Bernardino, California: 257 pp., 31 pls. {1905}

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