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Chlosyne f. fulvia (W. H. Edwards, 1879)
(Fulvia Checkerspot)

Type Specimens photo collection:


 

Pinned Specimens photo collection Page 1:

Pinned Specimens photo collection Page 2:

Live Adults photo collection:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:

 
Distribution: W NE, W KS, E CO, E NM, W TX, far NE Mexico

Larval foodplants: Scrophulariaceae: Castilleja integra Gray, Castilleja lanata Gray, Castilleja sessiliflora Pursh

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Chlosyne Butler, 1870

Cist. Entomol. 1(3): 38, no. 37. Type-species: Papilio janais Drury, 1782, Ill. Nat. Hist., 3: 22, index, pl. 17, figs. 5, 6, as replacement name. Proposed to replace Synchloe E. Doubleday, 1844, preoccupied (Code Articles 60.3, 67.8). The synonymy for this genus follows Wahlberg and Zimmerman (2000), Cladistics 16(4): 347-363.

      =    ‡Morpheis Geyer, [1833]

In: Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett. 3: pl [5], figs. 1-4. Type-species: Morpheis ehrenbergii Geyer, [1833], in: Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett., 3: pl [5], figs. 1-4, by monotypy. Preoccupied by Morpheis Hübner, [1820], Verz. bekannt. Schmett., 13: 196.

      =    ‡Synchloe E. Doubleday, [1845]

List Spec. Lepid. Brit. Mus. 1: 76. Type-species: Papilio janais Drury, 1782, Ill. Nat. Hist. 3: 22, index, pl. 17, figs. 5, 6, by designation of Scudder (1875), Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci., Boston 10(2): 141, no. 253. Preoccupied by Synchloe Hübner, 1818, Zutr. Samml. exot. Schmett. 1: 26.

      =    ‡Coatlantona W. F. Kirby, 1871

Syn. Cat. diurn. Lepid.: 178. Type-species: Papilio janais Drury, 1782, Ill. Nat. Hist. 3: 22, index, pl. 17, figs. 5, 6, as replacement name. Proposed to replace Synchloe E. Doubleday, 1844, preoccupied (Code Articles 60.3, 67.8). A junior objective synonym of Chlosyne Butler, 1870.

=    Anemeca W. F. Kirby, 1871

Syn. Cat. diurn. Lepid.: 179. Type-species: Morpheis ehrenbergii Geyer, [1833], in: Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett. 3: pl [5], figs. 1-4, as replacement name. Proposed to replace Morpheis Geyer, [1833], in: Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett. 3: pl [5], figs. 1-4, preoccupied (Code Articles 60.3, 67.8).

=    Charidryas Scudder, 1872

4th Ann. Rept. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 47. Type-species: Melitaea nycteis E. Doubleday, 1847, in: Gen. diurn. Lepid. (1)(12): pl. 23, fig. 3; (21): 181, no. 23 (1848), by original designation.

      =    ‡Limnaecia Scudder, 1872

4th Ann. Rept. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 47. Type-species: Melitaea harrisii Scudder, 1863, Proc. Essex Inst. 3: 167-168, no. 36, by original designation. Preoccupied by Limnaecia Stainton, 1851, Suppl. Cat. Brit. Pteroph.: 4.

=    Thessalia Scudder, 1875

Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci. 2(4): 238, 265, no. 49. Type-species: Melitaea leanira C. Felder & R. Felder, 1860, Wien. Entomol. Montaschr. 4(4): 106, no. 64, by original designation.

 

Chlosyne fulvia (W. H. Edwards, 1879)

 

Chlosyne fulvia fulvia (W. H. Edwards, 1879)

Can. Entomol. 11(6): 117-118.

Original Combination: Melitaea Fulvia

Type Locality: “Western Texas”; defined as “grasslands adjacent to the Wichita River...Archer County, Texas” by F. Brown (1966), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 92(3): 390-391.

Types: Lectotype in CMNH, designated by F. Brown (1966), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 92(3): 391, fig. 12 ♂ D&V; figured by W. Holland (1931), Butt. Book (rev. ed.): 131, pl. 59, fig. 6 ♂ V.

                   =    ‡”sinefascia” (R. Williams, 1914)

Entomol. News 25(6): 265, no. 6.

Original Combination: Melitaea fulvia sinefascia n. aberr.

Type Locality: “Jamez [sic!] Mountains, New Mexico” implied from the title of the paper. [Jemez Mountains, Sandoval County]

Types: “Holotype” in CMNH.

Bibliography

Austin, George T. and Michael J. Smith. 1998. 27. Revision of the Thessalia leanira complex (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Melitaeinae): Thessalia leanira (C. & R. Felder), with descriptions of four new subspecies. Pp. 333-358, 67 figs., in: T. C. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press. {[18] Dec 1998} 

Barnes, William and James Halliday McDunnough. 1913. Illustrations of rare and typical Lepidoptera. Contributions to the natural History of the Lepidoptera of North America 2(1): 1-44, pls. 1-21 {10 Mar 1913} 

Brown, Frederick Martin. 1966. The types of the nymphalid butterflies described by William Henry Edwards--Part II, Melitaeinae. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 92(3): 357-468, 34 figs. {Sep, 20 Oct 1966} 

Comstock, John Adams, Sperry, Grace H. and John L. Sperry. 1933. Notes on the life histories of two Arizona butterflies. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 32(3): 99-104; 4 pls. {Sep-Dec, 30 Sep 1933} 

Edwards, William Henry. 1879. Description of a new species of Melitaea from Texas. Canadian Entomologist 11(6): 117-118. {Jun, [12 Sep] 1879} [description of Melitaea Fulvia

Ferris, Clifford Duras and Frederick Martin Brown. 1981. Butterflies of the Rocky Mountain States. Oklahoma; Univ. Oklahoma Press: 442 pp., 4 cpls., many figures {contributions from Donald Eff, Scott Ellis, Michael Fisher, Lee D. Miller, James Scott and Raymond Stanford} 

Fisher, Michael S. 2006. The butterflies of Colorado. Nymphalidae ‑ Part 3. The subfamily Nymphalinae and relatives. The checkerspots, crescentspots and the true nymphs. Fort Collins; Lepidoptera of North America 7.3; Contributions of the C. P. Gillette Museum of Arthropod Diversity, Colorado State University: vi + 120 pp., photos. {30 Sep 2006} 

Higgins, Lionel George. 1960. A revision of the melitaeine genus Chlosyne and allied species (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London 112(14): 381-467, 134 figs. {31 Dec 1960} 

Holland, William Jacob. 1931. The butterfly book. New and thoroughly revised edition.  A popular and scientific manual, describing and depicting all the butterflies of the United States and Canada. Garden City, New York; Doubleday, Doran & Co.  xii + 424 pp., 77 pls., 198 + [1] text figs. {1931} 

Scott, James A. 1968. The life history and habits of Chlosyne fulvia and (Nymphalidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists= Society 22(4): 237-240, 7 figs. {15 Nov 1968}

Scott, James A. 1992. Hostplant records for butterflies and skippers (mostly from Colorado) 1959-1991, with new life histories and notes on oviposition, immatures, and ecology. Papilio (n.s.) 6: 1-171, 10 tbls. {5 Jul 1992} 

Scott, James A. 2006. Chlosyne leanira/fulvia classification. p. 37, in: J. Scott (Ed.), Taxonomic studies and new taxa of North American butterflies. Papilio (New Series) 12.{28 Apr 2006} 

Sperry, Grace H. & John L. Sperry. 1933. Notes on the life history of two Arizona butterflies. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy Science 32(3): 99-104, pls.42-45. {Sep-Dec, 30 Sep 1933} 

Williams, Roswell Carter, Jr. 1914. One hundred butterflies from the Jamez [sic!] mountains New Mexico (Lepid.) with notes and description of a new species. Entomological News 25(6): 263-268. {[1] Jun 1914} [description of Melitaea fulvia sinefascia n. aberr.]

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