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Chlosyne h. hoffmanni (Behr, 1863)
(Hoffmann's Checkerspot)

Type Specimens photo collection:

Pinned Specimens photo collection:

Aberrations photo collection:

Live Adults photo collection Page 1:

Live Adults photo collection Page 2:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

Asteraceae: Eucephalus breweri (Gray) Nesom

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Chlosyne Butler, 1870

Cist. Entomol. 1(3): 38, no. 37. Type-species: Papilio janais Drury, 1782, Ill. Nat. Hist., 3: 22, index, pl. 17, figs. 5, 6, as replacement name. Proposed to replace Synchloe E. Doubleday, 1844, preoccupied (Code Articles 60.3, 67.8). The synonymy for this genus follows Wahlberg and Zimmerman (2000), Cladistics 16(4): 347-363.

      =    ‡Morpheis Geyer, [1833]

In: Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett. 3: pl [5], figs. 1-4. Type-species: Morpheis ehrenbergii Geyer, [1833], in: Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett., 3: pl [5], figs. 1-4, by monotypy. Preoccupied by Morpheis Hübner, [1820], Verz. bekannt. Schmett., 13: 196.

      =    ‡Synchloe E. Doubleday, [1845]

List Spec. Lepid. Brit. Mus. 1: 76. Type-species: Papilio janais Drury, 1782, Ill. Nat. Hist. 3: 22, index, pl. 17, figs. 5, 6, by designation of Scudder (1875), Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci., Boston 10(2): 141, no. 253. Preoccupied by Synchloe Hübner, 1818, Zutr. Samml. exot. Schmett. 1: 26.

      =    ‡Coatlantona W. F. Kirby, 1871

Syn. Cat. diurn. Lepid.: 178. Type-species: Papilio janais Drury, 1782, Ill. Nat. Hist. 3: 22, index, pl. 17, figs. 5, 6, as replacement name. Proposed to replace Synchloe E. Doubleday, 1844, preoccupied (Code Articles 60.3, 67.8). A junior objective synonym of Chlosyne Butler, 1870.

=    Anemeca W. F. Kirby, 1871

Syn. Cat. diurn. Lepid.: 179. Type-species: Morpheis ehrenbergii Geyer, [1833], in: Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett. 3: pl [5], figs. 1-4, as replacement name. Proposed to replace Morpheis Geyer, [1833], in: Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett. 3: pl [5], figs. 1-4, preoccupied (Code Articles 60.3, 67.8).

=    Charidryas Scudder, 1872

4th Ann. Rept. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 47. Type-species: Melitaea nycteis E. Doubleday, 1847, in: Gen. diurn. Lepid. (1)(12): pl. 23, fig. 3; (21): 181, no. 23 (1848), by original designation.

      =    ‡Limnaecia Scudder, 1872

4th Ann. Rept. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 47. Type-species: Melitaea harrisii Scudder, 1863, Proc. Essex Inst. 3: 167-168, no. 36, by original designation. Preoccupied by Limnaecia Stainton, 1851, Suppl. Cat. Brit. Pteroph.: 4.

=    Thessalia Scudder, 1875

Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci. 2(4): 238, 265, no. 49. Type-species: Melitaea leanira C. Felder & R. Felder, 1860, Wien. Entomol. Montaschr. 4(4): 106, no. 64, by original designation.

 

Chlosyne hoffmanni (Behr, 1863)

 

Chlosyne hoffmanni hoffmanni (Behr, 1863)

Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. [1]3(6): 88, 89, no. 4.

Original Combination: M[elitaea]. Hoffmanni

Type Locality: “California” implied from the title of the paper, “peculiar to the higher regions of California” from the description; neotype from “Gold Lake, Sierra County, California.”

Types: Type(s) destroyed in the 1906 San Francisco earthquake and fire; neotype in CAS, designated by J. Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (6): 99, figs. 22 ♂ D, 23 ♂ V.

                   =    helcita (Boisduval, 1869)

Annls. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 12: 55-56, no. 43; figured by Oberthür (1914), Étud. Lépid. Comp. 9(2): pl. 261, figs. 2186 ♂ D&V, 2187 ♀ D&V.

Original Combination: Melitaea Helcita

Type Locality: “dans les contrées du Sud” in error; defined as “Gold Lake, Sierra County, California” by J. Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (2): 32.

Types: Lectotype in USNM, designated by J. Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (2): 32, figs. 240 ♂ D, 241 ♂ V.

                         =    ‡”abnorma” (W. G. Wright, 1905)

Butts. W. Coast: 55, no. 183; 160, no. 183, pl. 20, figs. 183, 183b ♀ D&V (“holotype”).

Original Combination: [Melitaea Hoffmanni var.] Abnorma; Melitaea Abnorma n. v.

Type Locality: “Sierra Nevadas, 7,000 ft., Calif.”; “Truckee, Cal.” [Nevada County, California]

Types: “Holotype” (#4303) in CAS.

The text clearly indicates that this taxon was described as an individual variant.

                         =    ‡”hollandae” (Gunder, 1928)

Can. Entomol. 60(7): 166, pl. B, figs. 13 ♀ D, 13a ♀ V (“holotype”).

Original Combination: Melitaea (Lemonias) hoffmanni tr. f. hollandae

Type Locality: “Summit, California” [Placer County, California]

Types: “Holotype” in CMNH; figured by W. Holland (1898), Butt. Book: pl. 17, fig. 14 ♀ D.

Bibliography

Barnes, William and James Halliday McDunnough. 1918. Notes and new species. Contributions to the Natural History of the Lepidoptera of North America 4(2): 61-208 + [4]; pls. 11-25 {15 May 1918} 

Behr, Hans Herman. 1863. On Californian Lepidoptera--No. III. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences 3(1)([sig.]6): 84-93. {Dec 1863} [description of Melitaea Hoffmanni

Boisduval, Jean Baptiste Alphonse d'Echauffour. 1868-1869. Lépidoptères de la Californie. Annales de la Société entomologique de Belgique 12: 1-28 (1868); 37-94 ([1 Nov] 1869) [missing pp. 29-37 through printer's error] {1868-1869} [description of Melitaea Helcita] 

Comstock, John Adams. 1927. Butterflies of California. A popular guide to a knowledge of the butterflies of California embracing all of the 477 species and varieties at present recorded from the state. Author, Los Angeles, California. 334 pp., 63 pls. {1927} 

Davenport, Kenneth E. 2004. The Yosemite butterflies. The Taxonomic Report of the International Lepidoptera Survey 5(1): 1-75, figs. {29 Dec 2004} 

Davenport, Kenneth E., Norbert G. Kondla, Charles Grisham and C. Howard Grisham. 2007. The Yosemite butterflies: color plates. The Taxonomic Report of the International Lepidoptera Survey 5(2): 1-83, color figs. {15 Mar 2007} 

Emmel, John F., Thomas Chadbourne Emmel and Sterling O. Mattoon. 1998. 2. The types of California butterflies named by Jean Alphonse Boisduval: designation of lectotypes and a neotype, and fixation of type localities. Pp. 3-76, 269 figs., in: T. C. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of western North American butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press; {[18] Dec 1998} 

Emmel, John F., Thomas Chadbourne Emmel and Sterling O. Mattoon. 1998. 6. The types of California butterflies named by Herman Behr: designations of neotypes and fixation of type localities. Pp. 95-114, 78 figs., in: T. C. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press; {[18] Dec 1998} 

Gunder, Jean Daniel. 1926. Several new aberrant Lepidoptera (Rhopalocera). Entomological News 37(1): 1-9, pl. 1 {[7] Jan 1926} [description of Melitaea (Lemonias) hoffmanni transition form hollandae

Higgins, Lionel George. 1960. A revision of the melitaeine genus Chlosyne and allied species (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London 112(14): 381-467, 134 figs. {31 Dec 1960}

Holland, William Jacob. 1898. The butterfly book; a popular guide to a knowledge of the butterflies of North America. Garden City, New York, Doubleday & McClure Co.  xx + 382 pp., 48 pls., 183 + [1] figs. {1898} 

Holland, William Jacob. 1931. The butterfly book. New and thoroughly revised edition.  A popular and scientific manual, describing and depicting all the butterflies of the United States and Canada. Garden City, New York; Doubleday, Doran & Co.  xii + 424 pp., 77 pls., 198 + [1] text figures. {1931}

Oberthür, Charles. 1914. VII. Les Lépidoptères de la Californie par le Docteur Boisduval. Études de Lépidopterologie comp. 9(2): 73-90; pls. 258-264 {May 1914} 

Seitz, Adalbert. 1913. 3. Gattung Melitaea. In: A. Seitz (Ed.), Gross-Schmetterlinge der Erde 5(182): 429-432; (187): 433-434; pl. 88 {1913} 

Tilden, James William. 1975. An analysis of the W. G. Wright butterfly and skipper plesiotypes in the collection of the California Academy of Sciences. Occasional Papers of the California Academy of Sciences (118): 1-44. {16 Jan 1975} 

Wright, William Greenwood. 1905. Butterflies of the West Coast of the United States. San Bernardino, California: 257 pp., 31 pls. {1905} [description of Melitaea Abnorma n. v.]

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