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Chlosyne hoffmanni manchada Bauer, 1960
(Hoffmann's Checkerspot)

Type Specimens
photo collection:

Live Adults
photo collection:

Larval Foodplants and Habitats
photo collection:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

Asteraceae: Eucephalus ledophyllus var. ledophyllus (Gray) Greene, Eurybia conspicua  (Lindl.) Nesom

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Chlosyne Butler, 1870

Cist. Entomol. 1(3): 38, no. 37. Type-species: Papilio janais Drury, 1782, Ill. Nat. Hist., 3: 22, index, pl. 17, figs. 5, 6, as replacement name. Proposed to replace Synchloe E. Doubleday, 1844, preoccupied (Code Articles 60.3, 67.8). The synonymy for this genus follows Wahlberg and Zimmerman (2000), Cladistics 16(4): 347-363.

      =    ‡Morpheis Geyer, [1833]

In: Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett. 3: pl [5], figs. 1-4. Type-species: Morpheis ehrenbergii Geyer, [1833], in: Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett., 3: pl [5], figs. 1-4, by monotypy. Preoccupied by Morpheis Hübner, [1820], Verz. bekannt. Schmett., 13: 196.

      =    ‡Synchloe E. Doubleday, [1845]

List Spec. Lepid. Brit. Mus. 1: 76. Type-species: Papilio janais Drury, 1782, Ill. Nat. Hist. 3: 22, index, pl. 17, figs. 5, 6, by designation of Scudder (1875), Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci., Boston 10(2): 141, no. 253. Preoccupied by Synchloe Hübner, 1818, Zutr. Samml. exot. Schmett. 1: 26.

      =    ‡Coatlantona W. F. Kirby, 1871

Syn. Cat. diurn. Lepid.: 178. Type-species: Papilio janais Drury, 1782, Ill. Nat. Hist. 3: 22, index, pl. 17, figs. 5, 6, as replacement name. Proposed to replace Synchloe E. Doubleday, 1844, preoccupied (Code Articles 60.3, 67.8). A junior objective synonym of Chlosyne Butler, 1870.

=    Anemeca W. F. Kirby, 1871

Syn. Cat. diurn. Lepid.: 179. Type-species: Morpheis ehrenbergii Geyer, [1833], in: Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett. 3: pl [5], figs. 1-4, as replacement name. Proposed to replace Morpheis Geyer, [1833], in: Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett. 3: pl [5], figs. 1-4, preoccupied (Code Articles 60.3, 67.8).

=    Charidryas Scudder, 1872

4th Ann. Rept. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 47. Type-species: Melitaea nycteis E. Doubleday, 1847, in: Gen. diurn. Lepid. (1)(12): pl. 23, fig. 3; (21): 181, no. 23 (1848), by original designation.

      =    ‡Limnaecia Scudder, 1872

4th Ann. Rept. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 47. Type-species: Melitaea harrisii Scudder, 1863, Proc. Essex Inst. 3: 167-168, no. 36, by original designation. Preoccupied by Limnaecia Stainton, 1851, Suppl. Cat. Brit. Pteroph.: 4.

=    Thessalia Scudder, 1875

Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci. 2(4): 238, 265, no. 49. Type-species: Melitaea leanira C. Felder & R. Felder, 1860, Wien. Entomol. Montaschr. 4(4): 106, no. 64, by original designation.

 

Chlosyne hoffmanni (Behr, 1863)

Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. [1]3(6): 88, 89, no. 4.

Original Combination: M[elitaea]. Hoffmanni

Type Locality: “California” implied from the title of the paper, “peculiar to the higher regions of California” from the description; neotype from “Gold Lake, Sierra County, California.”

Types: Type(s) destroyed in the 1906 San Francisco earthquake and fire; neotype in CAS, designated by J. Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (6): 99, figs. 22 ♂ D, 23 ♂ V.

=    helcita (Boisduval, 1869)

Annls. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 12: 55-56, no. 43; figured by Oberthür (1914), Étud. Lépid. Comp. 9(2): pl. 261, figs. 2186 ♂ D&V, 2187 ♀ D&V.

Original Combination: Melitaea Helcita

Type Locality: “dans les contrées du Sud” in error; defined as “Gold Lake, Sierra County, California” by J. Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (2): 32.

Types: Lectotype in USNM, designated by J. Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (2): 32, figs. 240 ♂ D, 241 ♂ V.

=    ‡”abnorma” (W. G. Wright, 1905)

Butts. W. Coast: 55, no. 183; 160, no. 183, pl. 20, figs. 183, 183b ♀ D&V (“holotype”).

Original Combination: [Melitaea Hoffmanni var.] Abnorma; Melitaea Abnorma n. v.

Type Locality: “Sierra Nevadas, 7,000 ft., Calif.”; “Truckee, Cal.” [Nevada County, California]

Types: “Holotype” (#4303) in CAS.

The text clearly indicates that this taxon was described as an individual variant.

=    ‡”hollandae” (Gunder, 1928)

Can. Entomol. 60(7): 166, pl. B, figs. 13 ♀ D, 13a ♀ V (“holotype”).

Original Combination: Melitaea (Lemonias) hoffmanni tr. f. hollandae

Type Locality: “Summit, California” [Placer County, California]

Types: “Holotype” in CMNH; figured by W. Holland (1898), Butt. Book: pl. 17, fig. 14 ♀ D.

 

Chlosyne hoffmanni manchada Bauer, 1960

J. Lepid. Soc. 13(4): 208-210, figs. 7 ♂ D, 8 ♂ V.

Original Combination: Chlosyne hoffmanni manchada

Type Locality: “1,600 feet elevation in Tumwater Canyon, Drury, Chelan Co., Washington”

Types: Holotype in LACM.

Bibliography

Guppy, Crispin S. & Jon H. Shepard. 2001. Butterflies of British Columbia. Including western Alberta, southern Yukon, the Alaska panhandle, Washington, northern Oregon, northern Idaho, northwestern Montana. Vancouver-Toronto; Royal British Columbia Museum, Univ, British Columbia Press: 414, 75 figs., text figures, maps. {2001} 

Bauer, David L. 1960. A new geographical subspecies of Chlosyne hoffmanni (Nymphalidae) from Washington state. Journal of the Lepidopterists= Society 13(4): 207-211, 7 figs. {1959, 1 Aug 1960} [description of Chlosyne hoffmanni manchada

Layberry, Ross A., Peter W. Hall, J. Donald Lafontaine (plates by John T. Fowler). 1998. The butterflies of Canada. Toronto, Buffalo & London; University of Toronto Press: 280 pp., 32 pls., 294 maps and illus. {1998} 

Newcomer, Erval J. 1967. Early stages of Chlosyne hoffmanni manchada (Nymphalidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists= Society 21(1): 70-73. {21 Feb 1967} 

Pyle, Robert Michael. 2002. Butterflies of Cascadia. Seattle; Seattle Audubon Society: 420 pp., figs., drawings, photos. {2002} 

Warren, Andrew D. 2005. Butterflies of Oregon: their taxonomy, distribution, and biology. Fort Collins; Contributions of the C.P. Gillette Museum of Arthropod Diversity, Colorado State University: 405 pp., 3 maps. {15 Mar 2005}

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