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Chlosyne j. janais (Drury, 1782)
(Crimson-patch Checkerspot)

Pinned Specimens
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Pinned Specimens
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Live Adults photo collection
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Live Adults photo collection
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Immatures
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Larval Foodplants and Habitats
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Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

Distribution: C & S TX, T & S Mexico to Colombia

Larval foodplants: Acanthaceae: Anisacanthus quadrifidus var. wrightii  (Torr.) Henrickson, Carlowrightia parviflora (Buckl.) Wasshausen, Dicliptera Juss. (probably Dicliptera brachiata (Pursh) Spreng., or Dicliptera sexangularis (L.) Juss.), Odontonema callistachyum (Schlechtend. & Cham.) O. Kuntze (Mexico)

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Chlosyne Butler, 1870

Cist. Entomol. 1(3): 38, no. 37. Type-species: Papilio janais Drury, 1782, Ill. Nat. Hist., 3: 22, index, pl. 17, figs. 5, 6, as replacement name. Proposed to replace Synchloe E. Doubleday, 1844, preoccupied (Code Articles 60.3, 67.8). The synonymy for this genus follows Wahlberg and Zimmerman (2000), Cladistics 16(4): 347-363.

      =    ‡Morpheis Geyer, [1833]

In: Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett. 3: pl [5], figs. 1-4. Type-species: Morpheis ehrenbergii Geyer, [1833], in: Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett., 3: pl [5], figs. 1-4, by monotypy. Preoccupied by Morpheis Hübner, [1820], Verz. bekannt. Schmett., 13: 196.

      =    ‡Synchloe E. Doubleday, [1845]

List Spec. Lepid. Brit. Mus. 1: 76. Type-species: Papilio janais Drury, 1782, Ill. Nat. Hist. 3: 22, index, pl. 17, figs. 5, 6, by designation of Scudder (1875), Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci., Boston 10(2): 141, no. 253. Preoccupied by Synchloe Hübner, 1818, Zutr. Samml. exot. Schmett. 1: 26.

      =    ‡Coatlantona W. F. Kirby, 1871

Syn. Cat. diurn. Lepid.: 178. Type-species: Papilio janais Drury, 1782, Ill. Nat. Hist. 3: 22, index, pl. 17, figs. 5, 6, as replacement name. Proposed to replace Synchloe E. Doubleday, 1844, preoccupied (Code Articles 60.3, 67.8). A junior objective synonym of Chlosyne Butler, 1870.

=    Anemeca W. F. Kirby, 1871

Syn. Cat. diurn. Lepid.: 179. Type-species: Morpheis ehrenbergii Geyer, [1833], in: Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett. 3: pl [5], figs. 1-4, as replacement name. Proposed to replace Morpheis Geyer, [1833], in: Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett. 3: pl [5], figs. 1-4, preoccupied (Code Articles 60.3, 67.8).

=    Charidryas Scudder, 1872

4th Ann. Rept. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 47. Type-species: Melitaea nycteis E. Doubleday, 1847, in: Gen. diurn. Lepid. (1)(12): pl. 23, fig. 3; (21): 181, no. 23 (1848), by original designation.

      =    ‡Limnaecia Scudder, 1872

4th Ann. Rept. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 47. Type-species: Melitaea harrisii Scudder, 1863, Proc. Essex Inst. 3: 167-168, no. 36, by original designation. Preoccupied by Limnaecia Stainton, 1851, Suppl. Cat. Brit. Pteroph.: 4.

=    Thessalia Scudder, 1875

Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci. 2(4): 238, 265, no. 49. Type-species: Melitaea leanira C. Felder & R. Felder, 1860, Wien. Entomol. Montaschr. 4(4): 106, no. 64, by original designation.

 

Chlosyne janais (Drury, 1782)

 

Chlosyne janais janais (Drury, 1782)

Ill. Nat. Hist. 3: 22, index, pl. 17, figs. 5 ♂ D, 6 ♂ V.

Original Combination: Papilio Janais

Type Locality: “Sierra Leone” in error.

Types: Type(s) lost.

Bibliography

Aaron, Eugene Murray and Samuel Frank Aaron. 1885. A list of a collection of diurnal Lepidoptera from southern Texas. Papilio 4(9/10): 172-182. {Nov-Dec 1884, 13 Jul 1885} 

Bauer, David L. 1960. A new species of Chlosyne (Nymphalidae) from western Mexico. Journal of the Lepidopterists= Society 13(3): 165-169, 2 figs. {1959, 22 Apr 1960} 

Brown, Frederick Martin. 1944. Notes on mexican Butterflies, IV. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 52(4): 343-360. {[19] Dec 1944} 

Denno, Robert F., and Betty Benrey. 1997. Aggregation facilitates larval growth in the Neotropical nymphalid butterfly Chlosyne janais. Ecological Entomology 22(2): 133-141, 6 figs. {May 1997} 

DeVries, Phillip James. 1987. Butterflies of Costa Rica and their natural history. Papilionidae, Pieridae, Nymphalidae. Princeton; Princeton Univ. Press: xxii + 327 pp., 50 cpls., 35 figs., 3 tabs., 2 maps 

Drury, Dru. 1770-1782. Illustrations of natural history.  Wherein are exhibited upwards of two hundred and forty figures of exotic insects, according to their different genera; very few of which have hitherto been figured by any author, being engraved and coloured from nature, with the greatest accuracy, and under the author=s own inspection on fifty copper-plates; with a particular description of each insect: interpersed with remarks and reflections on the nature and properties of many of them.  To which is added a translation into French. London; White 1: xxvii + 130 + [2] pp.; 50 + 1 pls., 4 figs. ([23 Apr] 1770}; 1(index): xiii pp.; 2: vii + 90 + [4] pp.; 50 pls. {[14 May] 1773}; 3: xxviii + 76 + [2] pp.; 50 pls {[23 May] 1782} [description of Papilio janais]

Edwards, Henry--1887. Early stages of some North American Lepidoptera. Entomologica Americana 3(9): 161- 163. {Dec 1887} 

Forbes, William Trowbridge Merrifield. 1928. A key to the forms of the genus Chlosyne. (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 21(1): 98-100. {Mar [18 Apr] 1928} 

Godman, Frederick du Cane and Osbert Salvin. 1879-1901. Biologia Centrali-Americana. Zoology: Insecta. Lepidoptera-Rhopalocera. London; Taylor & Francis, 3 volumes (Vols. 36-38): 1(Nym., Rio.)(1879-1886); xlv+487 pp.; 2(Pier., Pap., Lyc., Hes.)(1887-1901): 782 pp.; 3(plates): 1-48 (1879-1886); 49-112 (1887-1901) 

Higgins, Lionel George. 1960. A revision of the melitaeine genus Chlosyne and allied species (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London 112(14): 381-467, 134 figs. {31 Dec 1960}

Hoffmann, Carlos Christian. 1940. Catálogo systemático y zoogeográphico de los Lepidópteros Mexicanos, Primera parte. Papilionoidea. Anales del Instituto de Biología. Universidad Nacional de México 11(2): 639-739, 2 maps. {[after 28 Dec] 1940} 

Maza, Roberto F. de la. 1987. Mariposas Mexicanas. Guía para su colecta y determinación. México; Fondo de Cultura Económica: 304 pp., 67 pls., 58 figs. {Oct 1987} [Ed. 2 1991] 

McGuire, William W. and Michael A. Rickard. 1974. An annotated checklist of the butterflies of Bentsen-Rio Grande Valley State Park and vicinity. Mission, Texas; Texas Parks & Wildlife Department, Bentsen-Rio Grande Valley State Park: 22 pp. {1974} 

Röber, Johannes Karl Max. 1913-1914. 5. Gattung Chlosyne. In: A. Seitz (Ed.), Die Gross-Schmetterlinge der Erde 5(188): 450-453 {[before 28 Feb] 1914}; (189): pl. 91 {14 Apr 1914} 

Schaus, William. [1884]. Descriptions of the early stages of some Mexican Lepidoptera. Papilio 3(7-10): 186-189. {Sep-Dec 1883, [Feb 1884]} cited in Papilio 4(2): 42}

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