Main Introduction Page Electronic Reference Library Know-how Glossary of acronyms and other terms used on this website A Catalog of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada Illustrated Checklist of Neotropical Butterflies Support the Butterflies of America Foundation Interactive Listing of American Butterflies Photographer Credits Learn about contributing your photos Citation for this website Contact us
Papilionidae (Swallowtails)Pieridae (Whites and Sulphurs)Lycaenidae (Gossamerwings)Riodinidae (Metalmarks)Nymphalidae (Brushfoots)Hesperiidae (Skippers)Links to external lepidoptera websites
Loading

Chlosyne l. lacinia (Geyer, 1837)
(Bordered Patch)

Pinned Specimens photo collection:

Live Adults photo collection Page 1:

Live Adults photo collection Page 2:

Live Adults photo collection Page 3:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

Larval Foodplants
* = primary foodplants as determined by Neck (1973, 1977)
 

Asteraceae: Ambrosia artemisiifolia L.. *Ambrosia trifida var. texana Scheele, Baltimora (= Baltimora recta L.)?, Calyptocarpus vialis Less., Eupatorium L., Gaillardia pulchella Foug., *Helianthus annuus L. (and sbsp. lenticualris (Dougl. ex Lindl.) Steyermark), Helianthus ciliaris DC., Helianthus argophyllus Torr. & Gray , Helianthus maximiliani Schrad., Helianthus tuberosus L., Helianthus debilis sbsp. cucumerifolius (Torr. & Gray) Heiser, Heterotheca subaxillaris (Lam.) Britt. & Rusby, Palafoxia Lag. (probably sphacelata (Nutt. ex Torr.) Cory), Parthenium hysterophorus L., Silphium asperrimum Hook., Simsia calva (Engelm. & Gray) Gray, Viguiera dentata (Cav.) Spreng., Viguiera deltoidea var. parishii (Greene) Vasey & Rose, *Verbesina encelioides (Cav.) Benth. & Hook. f. ex Gray, Verbesina virginica L., Xanthium strumarium var. canadense (P. Mill.) Torr. & Gray, Wedelia texana (Gray) B.L. Turner

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Chlosyne Butler, 1870

Cist. Entomol. 1(3): 38, no. 37. Type-species: Papilio janais Drury, 1782, Ill. Nat. Hist., 3: 22, index, pl. 17, figs. 5, 6, as replacement name. Proposed to replace Synchloe E. Doubleday, 1844, preoccupied (Code Articles 60.3, 67.8). The synonymy for this genus follows Wahlberg and Zimmerman (2000), Cladistics 16(4): 347-363.

      =    ‡Morpheis Geyer, [1833]

In: Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett. 3: pl [5], figs. 1-4. Type-species: Morpheis ehrenbergii Geyer, [1833], in: Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett., 3: pl [5], figs. 1-4, by monotypy. Preoccupied by Morpheis Hübner, [1820], Verz. bekannt. Schmett., 13: 196.

      =    ‡Synchloe E. Doubleday, [1845]

List Spec. Lepid. Brit. Mus. 1: 76. Type-species: Papilio janais Drury, 1782, Ill. Nat. Hist. 3: 22, index, pl. 17, figs. 5, 6, by designation of Scudder (1875), Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci., Boston 10(2): 141, no. 253. Preoccupied by Synchloe Hübner, 1818, Zutr. Samml. exot. Schmett. 1: 26.

      =    ‡Coatlantona W. F. Kirby, 1871

Syn. Cat. diurn. Lepid.: 178. Type-species: Papilio janais Drury, 1782, Ill. Nat. Hist. 3: 22, index, pl. 17, figs. 5, 6, as replacement name. Proposed to replace Synchloe E. Doubleday, 1844, preoccupied (Code Articles 60.3, 67.8). A junior objective synonym of Chlosyne Butler, 1870.

=    Anemeca W. F. Kirby, 1871

Syn. Cat. diurn. Lepid.: 179. Type-species: Morpheis ehrenbergii Geyer, [1833], in: Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett. 3: pl [5], figs. 1-4, as replacement name. Proposed to replace Morpheis Geyer, [1833], in: Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett. 3: pl [5], figs. 1-4, preoccupied (Code Articles 60.3, 67.8).

=    Charidryas Scudder, 1872

4th Ann. Rept. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 47. Type-species: Melitaea nycteis E. Doubleday, 1847, in: Gen. diurn. Lepid. (1)(12): pl. 23, fig. 3; (21): 181, no. 23 (1848), by original designation.

      =    ‡Limnaecia Scudder, 1872

4th Ann. Rept. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 47. Type-species: Melitaea harrisii Scudder, 1863, Proc. Essex Inst. 3: 167-168, no. 36, by original designation. Preoccupied by Limnaecia Stainton, 1851, Suppl. Cat. Brit. Pteroph.: 4.

=    Thessalia Scudder, 1875

Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci. 2(4): 238, 265, no. 49. Type-species: Melitaea leanira C. Felder & R. Felder, 1860, Wien. Entomol. Montaschr. 4(4): 106, no. 64, by original designation.

 

Chlosyne lacinia (Geyer, 1837)

 

Chlosyne lacinia lacinia (Geyer, 1837)

In: Hübner, Zutr. Samml. exot. Schmett. 5: pl. [155], figs. 899 ♂ D, 900 ♂ V [1836]; 25, no. 450 (1837, name given).

Original Combination: Araschnia Lacinia

Type Locality: “Mexico”

Types: Type(s) probably lost.

            =    tellias (H. Bates, 1864)

Entomol. Mon. Mag. 1(4): 84-85, no. 42.

Original Combination: Synchloe tellias

Type Locality: “Guatemala”

Types: Holotype in BMNH.

            =    quehtala (Reakirt, 1866)

Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 18(3): 248, no. 24.

Original Combination: Synchloë quehtala

Type Locality: “Mexico”

Types: Location of type(s) not known.

            =    ardema (Reakirt, [1867])

Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 18(3): 336, no. 39.

Original Combination: Synchloë ardema

Type Locality: “Mexico, (near Vera Cruz)” [Veracruz]

Types: Location of type(s) not known.

            =    misera (R. Felder, 1869)

Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 19: 471-472, no. 21.

Original Combination: Synchloë misera

Type Locality: “Huahuapan” [Huajuapan de León, Oaxaca, Mexico]

Types: Holotype in BMNH.

            =    pretona (Boisduval, 1870)

Lepid. Guat.: 37-38.

Original Combination: Synchloe Pretona

Type Locality: “Guatemala”

Types: Types possibly in BMNH.

            =    adelina (Staudinger, 1876)

Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 25: 102, no. 12.

Original Combination: Synchloë Adelina

Type Locality: “Panamá als Chiriqui”

Types: Location of type(s) not known.

                   =    ‡”indigens” Higgins, 1961

Trans. R. Entomol. Soc. Lond. 112(14): 408 (b); cited Godman and Salvin (1882), Biol. centr.-amer., Lepid. Rhop. 3(17): pl.19, fig. 14 ♀ D, 15 ♀ V (as lacinia).

Original Combination: [Chlosyne lacinia lacinia] form indigens

Type Locality: “Costa Rica: Escazu”

Types: Syntypes in BMNH.

Bibliography

Barnes, William and James Halliday McDunnough. 1916. Notes on North American diurnal Lepidoptera. Contributions to the Natural History of the Lepidoptera of North America 3(2): 49-156; pls. 4-11 {15 Dec 1916} 

Bates, Henry Walter. 1864. New Species of Butterflies from Guatemala and Panamá (Continued). Entomologist=s monthly Magazine 1(4): 81-85 {1 Sep 1864} [description of Synchloe tellias

Bauer, David L. 1975. Tribe Melitaeini. Pp. 139-195, in: W. H. Howe (ed.) The butterflies of North America. Garden City, New York, Doubleday & Co.: xiii + 633 pp.; 97 pls., 32 tf. {[7 Nov] 1975} [definition of the lacinia group] 

Boisduval, Jean Baptiste Alphonse Dechauffour de. 1870. Considérations sur des lépidoptères envoyés du Guatemala à M. de l'Orza. Rennes, Oberthür et fils. 1 + 100 pp. {1870} [description of Synchloe pretona

Brown, Frederick Martin. 1944. Notes on Mexican Butterflies, IV. Journal of the New York entomological Society 52(4): 343-360. {[19] Dec 1944} 

DeVries, Phillip James. 1987. Butterflies of Costa Rica and their natural history. Papilionidae, Pieridae, Nymphalidae. Princeton; Princeton Univ. Press: xxii + 327 pp., 50 cpls., 35 figs., 3 tabs., 2 maps {1987} 

Duran, Victor and Fordyce Grinnell, Jr. 1915. Three synchloes, their differences and relations (Lep.). Entomological News 26(4): 173-174 {Apr [31 Mar] 1915} 

Edwards, William Henry. 1868-1897. The butterflies of North America. Boston; Houghton, Mifflin & Co. 1: [i], ii, [163], v, 52 pp., 50 pls. (1868-1872); 2: [i], [358] pp., 51 pls. (1874-1884); 3: [viii], [432] pp., 51 pls. (1887-1897). 

Felder, Rudolf. 1869. Diagnosen neuer von dem k. k. Oberlieutenant H. v. Hedemann in Mexico in den Jahren 1865-1867 gesammelter Lepidopteren. Verhandlungen der kaiserlich-königlichen zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 19(2/3): 465-580. {after 7 April 1859} [description of Synchloe misera

Forbes, William Trowbridge Merrifield. 1928. A key to the forms of the genus Chlosyne (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 21(1): 98-100. {March, [18 April] 1928}

Geyer, Carl. [1827]-1837. In: J. Hübner, Zuträge zur Sammlung Exotischer Schmettlinge [sic!]. Augsburg, Author; Geyer after Hübner=s death. 5 Volumes in parts. 127 unnumbered plates with unnamed but 1000 numbered figures; short text to each volume. {[1827-[1837]} [description of Araschnia Lacinia

Godman, Frederick du Cane and Osbert Salvin. 1879-1901. Biologia Centrali-Americana. Zoology: Insecta. Lepidoptera-Rhopalocera. London; Taylor & Francis, 3 volumes (Vols. 36-38): 1(Nym., Rio.)(1879-1886); xlv+487 pp.; 2(Pier., Pap., Lyc., Hes.)(1887-1901): 782 pp.; 3(plates): 1-48 (1879-1886); 49-112 (1887-1901) 

Gorodenski, Stanley A. 1969. The genetics of three polymorphic larval colour forms of Chlosyne lacinia. Genetical Research 14: 333‑336, 1 fig., 1 tbl. {1969} http://users.commspeed.net/stanlep/Chlosynelacinians.html 

Higgins, Henry Hugh. 1960. A revision of the Melitaeine genus Chlosyne and allied species (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Transactions of the royal entomological Society of London 112(14): 381-467, 134 figs. {31 December 1960} [description of Chlosyne lacinia lacinia form indigens; Chlosyne lacinia crocale form flavida

Hoffmann, Carlos Christian. 1940. Catálogo systemático y zoogeográphico de los Lepidópteros Mexicanos, Primera parte. Papilionoidea. Anales del Instituto de Biología. Universidad Nacional de México 11(2): 639-739, 2 maps. {[after 28 Dec] 1940} 

Kirby, William Forsell. 1908-1912. Zuträge zur Sammlung Exotischer Schmetterlinge bestehend in Bekündigung einzelner Fliegmuster neuer oder rarer nichteuropäischer Gattungen von Jacob Hübner 1818-1825 (Tafeln 1-103) Carl Geyer 1832-1837 (Tafeln 104-172).  New English Facsimile Edition with 172 Coloured Plates with Introduction, and Systematic and Alphabetical Indices. [edited by P. Wytsman...Introduction and Systematic and Alphabetical Index by W. F. Kirby.] Brussels; Wytsman, 1 vol text, 3 vols. pls. 

Maza, Roberto F. de la. 1980. Variabilidad extrema de Chlosyne lacinia Gey. (Nymphalidae). Revista de la Sociedad mexicana de Lepidopterología 5(2): 75-76, 1 fig. {5 April 1980} 

Reakirt, Tryon. 1866. Descriptions of some new species of diurnal Lepidoptera. Proceedings of the Academy of natural Sciences of Philadelphia 18(3): 238-249. {[11] June 1866} [description of Synchloe quehtala

Reakirt, Tryon. [1867]. Descriptions of some new species of diurnal Lepidoptera. Series II. Proceedings of the Academy of natural Sciences of Philadelphia 18(4): 331-336. {"November 1866", [before 13 February 1867]} [description of Synchloe ardema

Staudinger, Otto. 1876. Neue Lepidopteren des südamerikanischen Faunen-gebiets. Verhandlungen der kaiserlichköniglichen zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 25(1): 89-124. ("1875", [6] April 1876) [description of Synchloe adelina

Wahlberg, Niklas & Marie Zimmerman. 2000. Pattern of phylogenetic relationships among members of the tribe Melitaeini (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences. Cladistics 16(4): 347-363, 4 figs., 3 tbls. {Dec 2000} [position of Chlosyne lacinia]

Top of PageMain PageReference Library Literature ListCitation Interactive Listing

This website is supported by Butterflies of America Foundation, a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) tax-deductible nonprofit 170(b)(1)(A)(vi) public charity.