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Chlosyne l. leanira (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1860)
(Leanira Checkerspot)

Type Specimens photo collection:


 

Pinned Specimens photo collection:

Live Adults photo collection:

Immatures photo collection:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

Larval foodplants
Chlosyne leanira leanira
(C. Felder & R. Felder, 1860)
 

Scrophulariaceae: Castilleja foliolosa  Hook. & Arn., Castilleja martinii Abrams, Castilleja affinis Hooker and Arn., Cordylanthus pilosus Gray, Cordylanthus tenuis Gray

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Chlosyne Butler, 1870

Cist. Entomol. 1(3): 38, no. 37. Type-species: Papilio janais Drury, 1782, Ill. Nat. Hist., 3: 22, index, pl. 17, figs. 5, 6, as replacement name. Proposed to replace Synchloe E. Doubleday, 1844, preoccupied (Code Articles 60.3, 67.8). The synonymy for this genus follows Wahlberg and Zimmerman (2000), Cladistics 16(4): 347-363.

      =    ‡Morpheis Geyer, [1833]

In: Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett. 3: pl [5], figs. 1-4. Type-species: Morpheis ehrenbergii Geyer, [1833], in: Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett., 3: pl [5], figs. 1-4, by monotypy. Preoccupied by Morpheis Hübner, [1820], Verz. bekannt. Schmett., 13: 196.

      =    ‡Synchloe E. Doubleday, [1845]

List Spec. Lepid. Brit. Mus. 1: 76. Type-species: Papilio janais Drury, 1782, Ill. Nat. Hist. 3: 22, index, pl. 17, figs. 5, 6, by designation of Scudder (1875), Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci., Boston 10(2): 141, no. 253. Preoccupied by Synchloe Hübner, 1818, Zutr. Samml. exot. Schmett. 1: 26.

      =    ‡Coatlantona W. F. Kirby, 1871

Syn. Cat. diurn. Lepid.: 178. Type-species: Papilio janais Drury, 1782, Ill. Nat. Hist. 3: 22, index, pl. 17, figs. 5, 6, as replacement name. Proposed to replace Synchloe E. Doubleday, 1844, preoccupied (Code Articles 60.3, 67.8). A junior objective synonym of Chlosyne Butler, 1870.

=    Anemeca W. F. Kirby, 1871

Syn. Cat. diurn. Lepid.: 179. Type-species: Morpheis ehrenbergii Geyer, [1833], in: Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett. 3: pl [5], figs. 1-4, as replacement name. Proposed to replace Morpheis Geyer, [1833], in: Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett. 3: pl [5], figs. 1-4, preoccupied (Code Articles 60.3, 67.8).

=    Charidryas Scudder, 1872

4th Ann. Rept. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 47. Type-species: Melitaea nycteis E. Doubleday, 1847, in: Gen. diurn. Lepid. (1)(12): pl. 23, fig. 3; (21): 181, no. 23 (1848), by original designation.

      =    ‡Limnaecia Scudder, 1872

4th Ann. Rept. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 47. Type-species: Melitaea harrisii Scudder, 1863, Proc. Essex Inst. 3: 167-168, no. 36, by original designation. Preoccupied by Limnaecia Stainton, 1851, Suppl. Cat. Brit. Pteroph.: 4.

=    Thessalia Scudder, 1875

Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci. 2(4): 238, 265, no. 49. Type-species: Melitaea leanira C. Felder & R. Felder, 1860, Wien. Entomol. Montaschr. 4(4): 106, no. 64, by original designation.

Chlosyne leanira (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1860)

Chlosyne leanira leanira (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1860)

Wien. Entomol. Montaschr. 4(4): 106, no. 64; figured by C. Felder and R. Felder (1867), Reise Novara Zool. (3): pl. 50, figs. 13 ♂ D, 14 ♂ V.

Original Combination: Melitaea Leanira

Type Locality: “Californien”; suggested to be “vic. San Francisco, California” by L. Miller and F. Brown (1981), Mem. Lepid. Soc. (2): 153; corrected to “Hwy 70 at Chambers Creek, North Fork Feather River Canyon, 1850' elev., Plumas County, California” by J. Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butterflies (5): 89.

Types: Lectotype in BMNH, designated by J. Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butterflies (5): 89, figs. 13 ♂ D, 14 ♂ V.

                   =    daviesi (Wind, 1947)

Pan-Pac. Entomol. 23(4): 171.

Original Combination: Melitaea leanira daviesi

Type Locality: “Strawberry Lake, Tuolumne County, California, el. 5500 ft.”

Types: Holotype in CAS.

Bibliography

Austin, George T. and Michael J. Smith. 1998. 27. Revision of the Thessalia leanira complex (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Melitaeinae): Thessalia leanira (C. & R. Felder), with descriptions of four new subspecies. Pp. 333-358, 67 figs., in: T. C. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press. {[18] Dec 1998} 

Boisduval, Jean Baptiste Alphonse d'Echauffour. 1868-1869. Lépidoptères de la Californie. Annales de la Société entomologique de Belgique 12: 1-28 (1868); 37-94 ([1 Nov] 1869) [missing pp. 29-37 through printer's error] {1868-1869} 

Behr, Hans Herman. 1863. On Californian Lepidoptera--No. III. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences 3(1)([sig.]6): 84-93. {Dec 1863} 

Comstock, John Adams. 1927. Butterflies of California. A popular guide to a knowledge of the butterflies of California embracing all of the 477 Species and varieties at present recorded from the state. Author, Los Angeles, California. 334 pp., 63 pls. {1927} 

Davenport, Kenneth E. 2004. The Yosemite butterflies. The Taxonomic Report of the International Lepidoptera Survey 5(1): 1-75, figs. {29 Dec 2004} 

Davenport, Kenneth E., Norbert G. Kondla, Charles Grisham and C. Howard Grisham. 2007. The Yosemite butterflies: color plates. The Taxonomic Report of the International Lepidoptera Survey 5(2): 1-83, color figs. {15 Mar 2007} 

Emmel, John F., Thomas Chadbourne Emmel and Sterling O. Mattoon. 1998. 5. The types of California and Nevada butterflies named by Cajetan and Rudolph Felder: designations of lectotypes and fixation of type localities. Pp. 87-94, 33 figs., in: T. C. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press. {[18] Dec 1998} 

Felder, Cajetan and Rudolph Felder. 1860. Lepidopterologische Fragmente. V. Wiener entomologische Monatschrift 4(4): 97-112, pls. 1, 2. {Apr 1860} [description of Melitaea Leanira

Felder, Cajetan von and Rudolf Felder. 1865-1875. Rhopalocera. In: Reise der Österreichischen Fregatte Novara um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859 unter den Befehlen des Commodore B. von Wüllerstorf-Urbair. Zoologischer Theil (8). Zweiter Band: Zweite Abtheilung. Vienna : vi + 548 + [1] pp. in 5 parts, 140 pls. (1): 1-136, pls. 1-21 [12 Jan 1865]; (2): 137-378, pls. 22-47 [Dec] 1865; (3): 379-536, pls. 48-74 [15 Apr.] 1867 {[1865]-1875} see Higgins, 1963, J. Soc. Bibl. nat. Hist. 4(3): 153-159 

Higgins, Lionel George. 1960. A revision of the melitaeine genus Chlosyne and allied species (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Transactions of the royal entomological Society of London 112(14): 381-467, 134 figs. {31 Dec 1960}

Mead, Theodore Luqueer. 1875. Chapter VIII. Report upon the collections of diurnal Lepidoptera made in portions of Nevada, Utah, Colorado, New Mexico, and Arizona during the years 1871, 1872, 1873, and 1874, with notes upon all species known to inhabit Colorado. Pp. 739-791, pls. 35-40, in: George M. Wheeler (and A. A. Humphreys), Report upon Geological Explorations and Surveys West of the One Hundredth Meridian. Washington, D.C.; Government Printing Office; Engineer Dept., U. S. Army: [212] pp., [8] leaves of pls. {1875} 

Seitz, Adalbert. 1913. 3. Gattung Melitaea. In: A. Seitz (Ed.), Gross-Schmetterlinge der Erde 5(182): 429-432; (187): 433-434; pl. 88. {1913} 

Scott, James A. 1992. Hostplant records for butterflies and skippers (mostly from Colorado) 1959-1991, with new life histories and notes on oviposition, immatures, and ecology. Papilio (n.s.) 6: 1-171, 10 tbls. {5 Jul 1992} 

Warren, Andrew D. 2005. Butterflies of Oregon: their taxonomy, distribution, and biology. Fort Collins; Contributions of the C.P. Gillette Museum of Arthropod Diversity, Colorado State University: 405 pp., 3 maps. {15 Mar 2005} 

Wind, Robert Grant. 1947. A new subspecies of Melitaea (Lepidoptera). Pan-Pacific Entomologist 23(4): 171. {Oct [30 Dec] 1947} [description of Melitaea leanira daviesi]

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