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Chlosyne leanira obsoleta (Hy. Edwards, 1877) †
(Leanira Checkerspot)

Type Specimens photo collection:


 

Pinned Specimens photo collection:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

Scrophulariaceae: Castilleja Mutis ex L. f.

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Chlosyne Butler, 1870

Cist. Entomol. 1(3): 38, no. 37. Type-species: Papilio janais Drury, 1782, Ill. Nat. Hist., 3: 22, index, pl. 17, figs. 5, 6, as replacement name. Proposed to replace Synchloe E. Doubleday, 1844, preoccupied (Code Articles 60.3, 67.8). The synonymy for this genus follows Wahlberg and Zimmerman (2000), Cladistics 16(4): 347-363.

      =    ‡Morpheis Geyer, [1833]

In: Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett. 3: pl [5], figs. 1-4. Type-species: Morpheis ehrenbergii Geyer, [1833], in: Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett., 3: pl [5], figs. 1-4, by monotypy. Preoccupied by Morpheis Hübner, [1820], Verz. bekannt. Schmett., 13: 196.

      =    ‡Synchloe E. Doubleday, [1845]

List Spec. Lepid. Brit. Mus. 1: 76. Type-species: Papilio janais Drury, 1782, Ill. Nat. Hist. 3: 22, index, pl. 17, figs. 5, 6, by designation of Scudder (1875), Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci., Boston 10(2): 141, no. 253. Preoccupied by Synchloe Hübner, 1818, Zutr. Samml. exot. Schmett. 1: 26.

      =    ‡Coatlantona W. F. Kirby, 1871

Syn. Cat. diurn. Lepid.: 178. Type-species: Papilio janais Drury, 1782, Ill. Nat. Hist. 3: 22, index, pl. 17, figs. 5, 6, as replacement name. Proposed to replace Synchloe E. Doubleday, 1844, preoccupied (Code Articles 60.3, 67.8). A junior objective synonym of Chlosyne Butler, 1870.

=    Anemeca W. F. Kirby, 1871

Syn. Cat. diurn. Lepid.: 179. Type-species: Morpheis ehrenbergii Geyer, [1833], in: Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett. 3: pl [5], figs. 1-4, as replacement name. Proposed to replace Morpheis Geyer, [1833], in: Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett. 3: pl [5], figs. 1-4, preoccupied (Code Articles 60.3, 67.8).

=    Charidryas Scudder, 1872

4th Ann. Rept. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 47. Type-species: Melitaea nycteis E. Doubleday, 1847, in: Gen. diurn. Lepid. (1)(12): pl. 23, fig. 3; (21): 181, no. 23 (1848), by original designation.

      =    ‡Limnaecia Scudder, 1872

4th Ann. Rept. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 47. Type-species: Melitaea harrisii Scudder, 1863, Proc. Essex Inst. 3: 167-168, no. 36, by original designation. Preoccupied by Limnaecia Stainton, 1851, Suppl. Cat. Brit. Pteroph.: 4.

=    Thessalia Scudder, 1875

Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci. 2(4): 238, 265, no. 49. Type-species: Melitaea leanira C. Felder & R. Felder, 1860, Wien. Entomol. Montaschr. 4(4): 106, no. 64, by original designation.

 

Chlosyne leanira (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1860)

Wien. Entomol. Montaschr. 4(4): 106, no. 64; figured by C. Felder and R. Felder (1867), Reise Novara Zool. (3): pl. 50, figs. 13 ♂ D, 14 ♂ V.

Original Combination: Melitaea Leanira

Type Locality: “Californien”; suggested to be “vic. San Francisco, California” by L. Miller and F. Brown (1981), Mem. Lepid. Soc. (2): 153; corrected to “Hwy 70 at Chambers Creek, North Fork Feather River Canyon, 1850' elev., Plumas County, California” by J. Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (5): 89.

Types: Lectotype in BMNH, designated by J. Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (5): 89, figs. 13 ♂ D, 14 ♂ V.

=    daviesi (Wind, 1947)

Pan-Pac. Entomol. 23(4): 171.

Original Combination: Melitaea leanira daviesi

Type Locality: “Strawberry Lake, Tuolumne County, California, el. 5500 ft.”

Types: Holotype in CAS.

 

Chlosyne leanira obsoleta (Hy. Edwards, 1877)   

Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. [1]7(13): 171.

Original Combination: Melitaea Leanira Var. Obsoleta

Type Locality: “Near San Rafael, in Marin County” [California]

Types: Lectotype in AMNH, designated by Austin and M. Smith (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (26): 336.

                   =    leona (W. G. Wright, 1905)

Butts. W. Coast: 55, no. 186; 160, no. 186, pl. 20, figs. 186, 186b ♀ D&V (holotype).

Original Combination: [Melitaea] Leona; Melitaea Leona n. v.

Type Locality: “Southern California” “San Rafael, Cali.” [Marin County]

Types: Holotype (#4305) in CAS.

Bibliography

Austin, George T. and Michael J. Smith. 1998. 27. Revision of the Thessalia leanira complex (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Melitaeinae): Thessalia leanira (C. & R. Felder), with descriptions of four new subspecies. Pp. 333-358, 67 figs., in: T. C. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press. {[18] Dec 1998} 

Comstock, John Adams. 1927. Butterflies of California. A popular guide to a knowledge of the butterflies of California embracing all of the 477 Species and varieties at present recorded from the state. Author, Los Angeles, California. 334 pp., 63 pls. {1927} 

Edwards, Henry. 1877. Pacific Coast Lepidoptera, No. 22.- Notes on some diurnal Lepidoptera, with descriptions of new varieties. Proceedings of the California Academy of natural Sciences [1]7(12-13): 163-173. {9 Aug 1877} [description of Melitaea Leanira Var. Obsoleta

Higgins, Lionel George. 1960. A revision of the melitaeine genus Chlosyne and allied species (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London 112(14): 381-467, 134 figs. {31 Dec 1960} 

Seitz, Adalbert. 1913. 3. Gattung Melitaea. In: A. Seitz (Ed.), Gross-Schmetterlinge der Erde 5(182): 429-432; (187): 433-434; pl. 88. {1913} 

Tilden, James William. 1975. An analysis of the W. G. Wright butterfly and skipper plesiotypes in the collection of the California Academy of Sciences. Occasional Papers of the California Academy of Sciences (118): 1-44. {16 Jan 1975} 

Wright, William Greenwood. 1905. Butterflies of the West Coast of the United States. San Bernardino, California: 257 pp., 31 pls. {1905} [description of Melitaea Leona]

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