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Chlosyne theona chinatiensis (Tinkham, 1944)
(Theona Checkerspot)

Pinned Specimens photo collection:


 

Immatures photo collection:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

Distribution
W TX, N-C Mexico (Durango)

Larval foodplants
Scrophulariaceae: Leucophyllum frutescens (Berl.) I.M. Johnston, Leucophyllum minus Gray

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Chlosyne Butler, 1870

Cist. Entomol. 1(3): 38, no. 37. Type-species: Papilio janais Drury, 1782, Ill. Nat. Hist., 3: 22, index, pl. 17, figs. 5, 6, as replacement name. Proposed to replace Synchloe E. Doubleday, 1844, preoccupied (Code Articles 60.3, 67.8). The synonymy for this genus follows Wahlberg and Zimmerman (2000), Cladistics 16(4): 347-363.

      =    ‡Morpheis Geyer, [1833]

In: Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett. 3: pl [5], figs. 1-4. Type-species: Morpheis ehrenbergii Geyer, [1833], in: Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett., 3: pl [5], figs. 1-4, by monotypy. Preoccupied by Morpheis Hübner, [1820], Verz. bekannt. Schmett., 13: 196.

      =    ‡Synchloe E. Doubleday, [1845]

List Spec. Lepid. Brit. Mus. 1: 76. Type-species: Papilio janais Drury, 1782, Ill. Nat. Hist. 3: 22, index, pl. 17, figs. 5, 6, by designation of Scudder (1875), Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci., Boston 10(2): 141, no. 253. Preoccupied by Synchloe Hübner, 1818, Zutr. Samml. exot. Schmett. 1: 26.

      =    ‡Coatlantona W. F. Kirby, 1871

Syn. Cat. diurn. Lepid.: 178. Type-species: Papilio janais Drury, 1782, Ill. Nat. Hist. 3: 22, index, pl. 17, figs. 5, 6, as replacement name. Proposed to replace Synchloe E. Doubleday, 1844, preoccupied (Code Articles 60.3, 67.8). A junior objective synonym of Chlosyne Butler, 1870.

=    Anemeca W. F. Kirby, 1871

Syn. Cat. diurn. Lepid.: 179. Type-species: Morpheis ehrenbergii Geyer, [1833], in: Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett. 3: pl [5], figs. 1-4, as replacement name. Proposed to replace Morpheis Geyer, [1833], in: Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett. 3: pl [5], figs. 1-4, preoccupied (Code Articles 60.3, 67.8).

=    Charidryas Scudder, 1872

4th Ann. Rept. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 47. Type-species: Melitaea nycteis E. Doubleday, 1847, in: Gen. diurn. Lepid. (1)(12): pl. 23, fig. 3; (21): 181, no. 23 (1848), by original designation.

      =    ‡Limnaecia Scudder, 1872

4th Ann. Rept. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 47. Type-species: Melitaea harrisii Scudder, 1863, Proc. Essex Inst. 3: 167-168, no. 36, by original designation. Preoccupied by Limnaecia Stainton, 1851, Suppl. Cat. Brit. Pteroph.: 4.

=    Thessalia Scudder, 1875

Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci. 2(4): 238, 265, no. 49. Type-species: Melitaea leanira C. Felder & R. Felder, 1860, Wien. Entomol. Montaschr. 4(4): 106, no. 64, by original designation.

 

Chlosyne theona (Ménétriés, 1855)

Enum. corp. anim. (1): 86-87, no. 444, pl. 2, fig. 5 ♂ D&V.

Original Combination: Melitaea theona

Type Locality: “Nicaragua”

Types: Type(s) possibly lost; Austin and M. Smith (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (28): 360, determined that there are no syntypes at ZIN.

 

Chlosyne theona chinatiensis (Tinkham, 1944)

Can. Entomol. 76(1): 12-13, no. 8, fig. 1 ♂ (left half) V, (right half) D (holotype), 2 (left half) V, (right half) D.

Original Combination: Melitaea chinatiensis

Type Locality: “Chinati Mountains, 4500 feet elevation, Presidio Co., Texas”

Types: Holotype lost or destroyed; neotype in CAS, designated (as lectotype) by Austin and M. Smith (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (28): 369 (Code Article 72.4.5).

There is considerable reason to consider this a distinct species from theona. More investigation is required.

Bibliography

Austin, George T. and Michael J. Smith. 1998. 28. Revision of the Thessalia theona complex (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Melitaeinae). Pp. 359-396, 223 figs., in: T. C. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press. {[18] Dec 1998} 

Bauer, David L. 1975. Tribe Melitaeini. Pp. 139-195, in: W. H. Howe (ed.) The butterflies of North America. Garden City, New York, Doubleday & Co.: xiii + 633 pp.; 97 pls., 32 tf. {[7 Nov] 1975} 

Lamas, Gerardo. 1999. Nomenclatural faux‑pas among western North American butterflies. Lepidoptera News 1999(2): 7-8. {30 June [19 Aug] 1999} 

Tinkham, Ernest Robert. 1944. Faunistic notes on the diurnal Lepidoptera of the Big Bend region of Trans-Pecos, Texas, with the description of a new Melitaea. Canadian Entomologist 76(1): 11-18, 3 figs. {Jan, 9 Feb 1944} [description of Melitaea chinatiensis

Higgins, Lionel George. 1960. A revision of the melitaeine genus Chlosyne and allied species (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London 112(14): 381-467, 134 figs. {31 Dec 1960} 

Stallings Don Briggs and J. R. Turner. 1947. Texas Lepidoptera (with description of a new subspecies). Entomological News 58(2): 36-41. {Feb, [8 May] 1947}

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