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Chlosyne theona thekla (W. H. Edwards, 1870)
(Theona Checkerspot)

Pinned Specimens photo collection:


 

Live Adults photo collection page 1:

Live Adults photo collection page 2:

Immatures photo collection:

Larval Foodplants and Habitats photo collection:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

far NW Mexico (N Sonora, SE AZ, SW NM

Larval foodplants
Scrophulariaceae: Castilleja lanata Gray, Castilleja integra Gray, Castilleja tenuiflora Benth., Castilleja linariifolia Benth., Brachystigma wrightii  (Gray) Pennell

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Chlosyne Butler, 1870

Cist. Entomol. 1(3): 38, no. 37. Type-species: Papilio janais Drury, 1782, Ill. Nat. Hist., 3: 22, index, pl. 17, figs. 5, 6, as replacement name. Proposed to replace Synchloe E. Doubleday, 1844, preoccupied (Code Articles 60.3, 67.8). The synonymy for this genus follows Wahlberg and Zimmerman (2000), Cladistics 16(4): 347-363.

      =    ‡Morpheis Geyer, [1833]

In: Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett. 3: pl [5], figs. 1-4. Type-species: Morpheis ehrenbergii Geyer, [1833], in: Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett., 3: pl [5], figs. 1-4, by monotypy. Preoccupied by Morpheis Hübner, [1820], Verz. bekannt. Schmett., 13: 196.

      =    ‡Synchloe E. Doubleday, [1845]

List Spec. Lepid. Brit. Mus. 1: 76. Type-species: Papilio janais Drury, 1782, Ill. Nat. Hist. 3: 22, index, pl. 17, figs. 5, 6, by designation of Scudder (1875), Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci., Boston 10(2): 141, no. 253. Preoccupied by Synchloe Hübner, 1818, Zutr. Samml. exot. Schmett. 1: 26.

      =    ‡Coatlantona W. F. Kirby, 1871

Syn. Cat. diurn. Lepid.: 178. Type-species: Papilio janais Drury, 1782, Ill. Nat. Hist. 3: 22, index, pl. 17, figs. 5, 6, as replacement name. Proposed to replace Synchloe E. Doubleday, 1844, preoccupied (Code Articles 60.3, 67.8). A junior objective synonym of Chlosyne Butler, 1870.

=    Anemeca W. F. Kirby, 1871

Syn. Cat. diurn. Lepid.: 179. Type-species: Morpheis ehrenbergii Geyer, [1833], in: Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett. 3: pl [5], figs. 1-4, as replacement name. Proposed to replace Morpheis Geyer, [1833], in: Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett. 3: pl [5], figs. 1-4, preoccupied (Code Articles 60.3, 67.8).

=    Charidryas Scudder, 1872

4th Ann. Rept. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 47. Type-species: Melitaea nycteis E. Doubleday, 1847, in: Gen. diurn. Lepid. (1)(12): pl. 23, fig. 3; (21): 181, no. 23 (1848), by original designation.

      =    ‡Limnaecia Scudder, 1872

4th Ann. Rept. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 47. Type-species: Melitaea harrisii Scudder, 1863, Proc. Essex Inst. 3: 167-168, no. 36, by original designation. Preoccupied by Limnaecia Stainton, 1851, Suppl. Cat. Brit. Pteroph.: 4.

=    Thessalia Scudder, 1875

Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci. 2(4): 238, 265, no. 49. Type-species: Melitaea leanira C. Felder & R. Felder, 1860, Wien. Entomol. Montaschr. 4(4): 106, no. 64, by original designation.

 

Chlosyne theona (Ménétriés, 1855)

Enum. corp. anim. (1): 86-87, no. 444, pl. 2, fig. 5 ♂ D&V.

Original Combination: Melitaea theona

Type Locality: “Nicaragua”

Types: Type(s) possibly lost; Austin and M. Smith (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (28): 360, determined that there are no syntypes at ZIN.

 

Chlosyne theona thekla (W. H. Edwards, 1870)

Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 3(2): 189, 191, no. 4.

Original Combination: Melitaea Thekla

Type Locality: “Southern California”; corrected to “vicinity of old Fort Lowell, near Tucson, Pima Co., Arizona” by F. Brown (1966), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 92(3): 392-394.

Types: Lectotype in CMNH, designated by F. Brown (1966), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 92(3): 395, fig. 13 ♂ D&V.

                         =    ‡”benjamini” (Gunder, 1928)

Can. Entomol. 60(7): 166, pl. B, figs. 15 ♂ D, 15a ♂ V (“holotype”).

Original Combination: Melitaea (Lemonias) theona race thekla tr. f. benjamini

Type Locality: “So. Arizona”

Types: “Holotype” in AMNH.

Bibliography

Austin, George T. and Michael J. Smith. 1998. 28. Revision of the Thessalia theona complex (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Melitaeinae). Pp. 359-396, 223 figs., in: T. C. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press. {[18] Dec 1998} 

Bailowitz, Richard A. and James P. Brock. 1991. Butterflies of southeastern Arizona. Tucson, Arizona; Sonoran Arthropod Studies, Inc.: ix + 342 pp., 4 pls., figs. {1991} 

Brown, Frederick Martin. 1944. Notes on mexican Butterflies, IV. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 52(4): 343-360. {[19] Dec 1944} 

Brown, Frederick Martin. 1966. The types of the nymphalid butterflies described by William Henry Edwards--Part II, Melitaeinae. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 92(3): 357-468, 34 figs. {Sep, 20 Oct 1966} 

Comstock, John Adams, John L. Sperry and Grace H. Sperry. 1933. Notes on the life history of two Arizona butterflies. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 32(3): 99-104, pls. 42-44. {Sep-Dec, 30 Sep 1933}

Edwards, William Henry. 1870. Descriptions of new North American diurnal Lepidoptera. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 3(2): 189-196. {Nov (pre-print [Dec]) 1870; paper [30 Apr 1871]} [description of Melitaea Thekla

Godman, Frederick du Cane and Osbert Salvin. 1879-1901. Biologia Centrali-Americana. Zoology: Insecta. Lepidoptera-Rhopalocera. London; Taylor & Francis, 3 volumes (Vols. 36-38): 1(Nym., Rio.)(1879-1886); xlv+487 pp.; 2(Pier., Pap., Lyc., Hes.)(1887-1901): 782 pp.; 3(plates): 1-48 (1879-1886); 49-112 (1887-1901) 

Gunder, Jean Daniel. 1926. Several new aberrant Lepidoptera (Rhopalocera). Entomological News 37(1): 1-9, pl. 1. {[7] Jan 1926} [description of Melitaea (Lemonias) theona race thekla transition form benjamini

Hoffmann, Carlos Christian. 1940. Catálogo systemático y zoogeográphico de los Lepidópteros Mexicanos, Primera parte. Papilionoidea. Anales del Instituto de Biología. Universidad Nacional de México 11(2): 639-739, 2 maps. {[after 28 Dec] 1940} 

Ménétriés, Edouard. 1855-1857. Enumeratio Corporum Animalium Musei Imperialis Academiae Scientarum Petropolitanae.  Classis Insectorum.  Ordo Lepidopterorum. Petropoli/Lipsiae; Eggers et Soc./Leop. Voss, Parts I+II. Lepidoptera Diurna; (1): xv + 1-66 + 67-97 + [2] pp., pls. 1-6 {Dec 1855} or 15 + 102 pp., 6 cpls.; (2): vi + 67-112 + [2] + 99-144 + [2] pp., pls. 7-14 {Sep 1857} or 6 + 90 pp., 8 cpls.; (3): 4 + 20 pp., 4 cpls. [description of Melitaea Theona]

Higgins, Lionel George. 1960. A revision of the melitaeine genus Chlosyne and allied species (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London 112(14): 381-467, 134 figs. {31 Dec 1960} 

Röber, Johannes Karl Max 1913-1914. Gattung Phyciodes. In: A. Seitz (Ed.), Die Gross-Schmetterlinge der Erde 5(162): pl. 92 {5 Jun 1913}; (183): 434-440, pl. 90 {10 Dec 1913}; (188): 449-450, pls. 88, 89. {[before 10 Feb] 1914}; (189): pl. 91. {14 Apr 1914} 

Scott, James A. 1992. Hostplant records for butterflies and skippers (mostly from Colorado) 1959-1991, with new life histories and notes on oviposition, immatures, and ecology. Papilio (n.s.) 6: 1-171, 10 tbls. {5 Jul 1992} 

Tinkham, Ernest Robert. 1944. Faunistic notes on the diurnal Lepidoptera of the Big Bend region of Trans-Pecos, Texas, with the description of a new Melitaea. Canadian Entomologist 76(1): 11-18, 3 figs. {Jan, 9 Feb 1944}

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