Main Introduction Page Electronic Reference Library Know-how Glossary of acronyms and other terms used on this website A Catalog of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada Illustrated Checklist of Neotropical Butterflies Support the Butterflies of America Foundation Interactive Listing of American Butterflies Photographer Credits Learn about contributing your photos Citation for this website Contact us
Papilionidae (Swallowtails)Pieridae (Whites and Sulphurs)Lycaenidae (Gossamerwings)Riodinidae (Metalmarks)Nymphalidae (Brushfoots)Hesperiidae (Skippers)Links to external lepidoptera websites

Codatractus valeriana (Plötz, 1881)
(Valeriana Skipper)

Type Specimens
photo collection:

Pinned Specimens
photo collection:

Live Adult
s photo collection:

photo collection:

Larval Foodplants and Habitats
photo collection:

photo collection:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:

Teprhosia leiocarpa A. Gray



(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Codatractus Lindsey, 1921

Bull. Labs. Nat. Hist. St. Univ. Iowa 9(4): 26. Type-species: Heteropia imitatrix Mabille, 1889, Naturaliste (2)3(49): 68, fig. 3 (= Telegonus imalena Butler, 1872, Lepid. Exot.: 109, pl. 40, fig. 1; synonym), as replacement name. Proposed to replace Heteropia Mabille, 1889, preoccupied (Code Articles 60.3, 67.8).

      =    ‡Heteropia Mabille, 1889

Naturaliste (2)3(49): 68. Type-species: Heteropia imitatrix Mabille, 1889, Naturaliste (2)3(49): 68 (= Telegonus imalena Butler, 1872, Lepid. Exot.: 109, pl. 40, fig. 1; synonym), by designation of E. Watson (1893), Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1893(1): 22. Preoccupied by Heteropia Carter, 1886, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5)18: 47.


Codatractus valeriana (Plötz, 1881)

Stettiner Entomol. Ztg. 43(1-3): 99, no. 76; cited unpublished pl. 130.

Original Combination: [Eudamus] Valeriana

Type Locality: “Mexico”

Types: Lectotype in ZMHB, designated by Mielke and A. Warren (2004), Revta. bras. Zool. 21(2): 308, figs. 1 ♂ D, 2 ♂ V, where the status of this taxon was resolved.

            =    mysie (Dyar, 1904)

J. N. Y. Entomol. Soc. 12(1): 40.

Original Combination: Thorybes mysie

Type Locality: “Patagonia Mountains, Arizona” [Santa Cruz County]

Types: Lectotype (#7737) in USNM, designated by Burns (1996), J. Lepid. Soc. 50(3): 210, figs. 52, 59, 66 ♂ genitalia, 79 ♂ D, 80 ♂ V; figured by W. Holland (1931), Butt. Book (rev. ed.): pl. 75, figs. 8 ♂ D, 8a ♂ V.


Bailowitz, Richard A. & James P. Brock. 1991. Butterflies of Southeastern Arizona.
Sonoran Arthopod Studies, Inc., Tucson, Arizona. 342 pp.

Brown, John W., Herman G. Real & David K. Faulkner. 1992. Butterflies of Baja California. Faunal Survey, Natural History, Conservation Biology. Beverly Hills;The Lepidoptera Research Foundation, Inc. v + 129 pp., 8 pls., 9 figs., maps.

Burns, John McLauren. 1996. Genitalia and the proper genus: Codatractus gets mysie and uvydixa- in a compact cyda group- as well as a hysterectomy, while Cephise gets part of Polythrix (Hesperiidae: Pyrginae). Journal of the Lepidopterists’ Society 50(3):173-216.

Burns, John McLauren. 2001. Valeriana skipper: how its scientific name changed from Thorybes valeriana to Codatractus mysie. American Butterflies 9(1):36-37.

Dyar, Harrison Gray. 1904. Class I, Hexapoda. Order V, Lepidoptera. New Species of North American Lepidoptera and a New Limacodid Larva. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 12(1): 39-44 {Mar 1904} [OD: Thorybes mysie]

Evans, William Harry. 1952. A Catalogue of the American Hesperiidae indicating the classification and nomenclature adopted in the British Museum (Natural History). Part II. Pyrginae, Section I. London; British Museum (Natural History): vi + 178 pp., pls. 10-25.

Holland, William Jacob. 1931. The Butterfly Book. New and Thoroughly Revised Edition. A Popular and Scientific Manual, Describing and Depicting All the Butterflies of the United States and Canada. Garden City, New York; Doubleday, Doran & Co. xii + 424 pp., 77 pls., 198 + [1] text figs.

MacNeill, C. Don. 1975. Family Hesperiidae Pp. 423-578, in: W. H. Howe (Ed.), Butterflies of North America. Garden City, New York, Doubleday &
Co.: xiii + 633 pp.; 97 pls. (2093 figs.), 32 tf.

Mielke, Olaf Hermann Hendrik & Andrew David Warren. 2004. The identity of Eudamus valeriana Plötz, 1881 (Lepidoptera, Hesperiidae, Pyrginae). Revista Brasileira de Zoologia 21(2):307-308
 (85 kilobyte download size)  This paper may also be downloaded from: SciELO Brasil website

Miller, Lee Denmar. 1970. Reports on the Margaret M. Cary-Carnegie Museum Expedition to Baja California, Mexico, 1961. 7. The Family Hesperiidae (Lepidoptera). Annals of the Carnegie Museum 41(5): 169-200, 7 figs. {25 Sep 1970}

Plötz, Carl 1881. Die Heperiinen-Gattung Eudamus und ihre Arten. Stettiner Entomologische Zeitung 43(1-3): 87-101.

Tilden, James William. 1949. A Note on Caicella mysie (Dyar) with a figure of the male genitalia. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences
48(1): 4-6, pls. 2, 3 {Jan-Apr, 20 Jun 1949}

Tilden, James William & Arthur Clayton Smith. 1975. Hesperiid notes. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 29(1): 60-62. {15 Apr 1975}

Top of PageMain PageReference Library Literature ListCitation Interactive Listing

This website is supported by Butterflies of America Foundation, a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) tax-deductible nonprofit 170(b)(1)(A)(vi) public charity.