Main Introduction Page Electronic Reference Library Know-how Glossary of acronyms and other terms used on this website A Catalog of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada Illustrated Checklist of Neotropical Butterflies Support the Butterflies of America Foundation Interactive Listing of American Butterflies Photographer Credits Learn about contributing your photos Citation for this website Contact us
Papilionidae (Swallowtails)Pieridae (Whites and Sulphurs)Lycaenidae (Gossamerwings)Riodinidae (Metalmarks)Nymphalidae (Brushfoots)Hesperiidae (Skippers)Links to external lepidoptera websites
Loading

Coenonympha tullia california Westwood, [1851]
(Common Ringlet)

Pinned Specimens photo collection Page 1:


 

Pinned Specimens photo collection Page 2:

Live Adults photo collection
Page 1:

Live Adults photo collection
Page 2:


 

Immatures
photo collection:

Larval Foodplants and Habitats
photo collection:


Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

 

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Coenonympha Hübner, [1819]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (5): 65. Type-species: Papilio geticus Esper, 1789, Die Schmett. 1(Suppl.)(1)(3/4): 51-52; (5/6): pl. 102 (Cont. 57), fig. 2 (= Papilio oedippus Fabricius, 1787, Mantissa Ins. 2: 31, no. 335), by designation of Butler (1868), Entomol. Mon. Mag. 4(45): 194.

=    Chortobius [Dunning & Pickard], [1859]

Accentuated List Brit. Lepid.: 5. Type-species: Papilio pamphilus Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed 10) 1: 472, no. 86, by designation of Hemming (1934), Gen. Names Holarct. Butts. 1: 44.

      =    ‡Chortobius H. Doubleday, 1859

Zool. syn. List Brit. Butts. (ed. 2): 2. Type-species: Papilio pamphilus Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed 10) 1: 472, no. 86, by designation of Moore [1893], Lepid. Ind. 2(14): 51, 52. Preoccupied by Chortobius [Dunning & Pickard], [1859].

=    Sicca Verity, 1953

Farfalle diurn. Ital. 5: 83. Type-species: Papilio dorus Esper, 1782, Die Schmett. 1(2)(5): 130-131, pl. 78 (Cont. 63), fig. 1, by original designation.

 

Coenonympha tullia (Müller, 1764)

Fauna Ins. Fridrichsdal.: 36, no. 332.

Original Combination: Pap[ilio]. Nymphalis Tullia

Type Locality: “In agris.”; “Fridrichsdal” implied from the title of the work. [Zeeland, Denmark]

Types: Location of types not known, possibly lost.

The division of this complex in North America into multiple species-level taxa (e.g., T. Emmel (1975), in: Howe, 1975, Butts. N. Am.: 101-105, L. Miller and F. Brown (1981), Mem. Lepid. Soc. 2: 193-194, and C. Guppy and J. Shepard (2001), Butts. B. C.: 320-323) is untenable at this time (see Porter & Geiger (1988), Can. J. Zool. 66: 2752-2765, Porter & Matoon, (1989), J. Lepid. Soc. 43(3): 229-238, and Austin & R. Gray (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (47): 587-612.). However, the arrangement of taxa under C. tullia should be considered tentative.

            =    tiphon (Rottemburg, 1775)

Naturforscher 6: 15-16, no. 1.

Original Combination: Pap[ilio]. Tiphon

Type Locality: Not stated.

Types: Location of type(s) not known.

             =    davus Fabricius, [1777]

Gen. Ins.: 259.

Original Combination: Papilio D[anaus]. F[estivus]. Davus

Type Locality: “Hamburgi...Kilonii”

Types: Location of type(s) not known.

= philoxenus Esper, 1780

Die Schmett. 1(2)(1): 25-26, pl. 54 (Cont. 4), fig. 3 ♀ D&V)’

Original Combination: P[apilio]. Pl[ebejus]. Rur[alis]. Philoxenus

Type Locality: “Schweden...Deutschland...von Bayreuth..von Frankfurth...Oesterreich”

Types: Location of type(s) not known.

            =    timanica Sedykh, 1977

Geogr. Aspect. Conserv. Flora Faun. NE Europ. USSR: 102, no. 70.

Original Combination: C[oenonympha tullia]. timanica

Type Locality: “environs of Ukhta” [Komi Autonomous Republic, Russia]

Types: Syntypes in ZIN.

 

Coenonympha tullia california Westwood, [1851]

In: Gen. diurn. Lepid. (2): pl. 67, fig. [1851]; (43): 398, no. 15 (1851).

Original Combination: Coenonympha California

Type Locality: “California”; suggested to be “vic. San Francisco” by L. Miller and F. Brown (1981), Mem. Lepid. Soc. (2): 194. [San Francisco County]

Types: Syntype (#3532) in BMNH.

                   =    galactinus (Boisduval, 1852)

Ann. Soc. Entomol. Fr. (2)10(2): 309-310, no. 61.

Original Combination: Satyrus galactinus

Type Locality: “les montagnes du nord”, defined as “San Francisco, San Francisco County, California” by J. Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (2): 19.

Types: Lectotype in USNM, designated by J. Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (2): 19, figs. 117 ♂ D, 118 ♂ V.

                   =    ceres Butler, 1866

Entomol. Mon. Mag. 3(28): 78, no. 5.

Original Combination: Coenonympha ceres

Type Locality: “California”

Types: Holotype in BMNH.

                   =    brenda W. H. Edwards, 1869

Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 2(4): 375-376.

Original Combination: Caenonympha [sic!] Brenda

Type Locality: “Los Angeles, Cala.”; suggested to be “Utah or Nevada” by F. Brown (1964), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 90(4): 345, but W. H. Edwards’ locality is most likely correct (see below).

Types: Types apparently lost. The “lectotype” in FMNH, designated by F. Brown (1964), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 90(4): 347, fig. 7 ♂ D&V, is not a syntype (Code Article 74.2).

Austin and R. Gray (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts.: 588-589, discussed the “lectotype”, compared it with the original description of brenda, and determined that it does not represent what Edwards described. They concluded that brenda most likely represents a population of california from Los Angeles, but deferred designation of a neotype.

                   =    pulla Hy. Edwards, 1881

Papilio 1(4): 51.

Original Combination: Coenonympha californica n. var. pulla

Type Locality: “San Mateo Co., Cal.” [California]

Types: Holotype in AMNH.

Bibliography

 

Top of PageMain PageReference Library Literature ListCitation Interactive Listing

This website is supported by Butterflies of America Foundation, a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) tax-deductible nonprofit 170(b)(1)(A)(vi) public charity.