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Erebia pawloskii ethela W. H. Edwards, 1891
(Theano Alpine)

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Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Erebia Dalman, 1816

K. svenska VetenskAkad. Handl. 37(1): 58. Type-species: Papilio ligea Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 473, no. 97, by original designation. I.C.Z.N. Opinion 506 placed this name on the Official List of Generic Names in Zoology as name no. 1255.

      =    ‡Epigea Hübner, [1819]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (4): 62. Type-species: Papilio ligea Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 473, no. 97, by designation of Hemming (1933), Entomol. 66(844): 198. A junior objective synonym of Erebia. I.C.Z.N. Opinion 506 placed this name on the Official Index of Rejected and Invalid Generic Names in Zoology as name no. 1143.

=    Syngea Hübner, [1819]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (4): 62. Type-species: Papilio pronoe Esper, 1780, Die Schmett. 1(2)(1): 23-24, pl. 54 (Cont. 4), fig. 1, by designation of Hemming (1933), Entomol. 66(844): 198.

=    Phorcis Hübner, [1819]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (4): 62. Type-species: Phorcis epistygne Hübner, [1819], Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (4): 62, no. 591, by designation of Hemming (1933), Entomol. 66(844): 198.

=    Marica Hübner, [1819]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (4): 63. Type-species: Papilio stygne Ochsenheimer, 1807, Schmett. Europa 1(1): 276, no. 52 (= Papilio meolans de Prunner, 1798, Lepid. Pedemont.: 71; synonym), by designation of Hemming (1933), Entomol. 66(844): 198.

=    Gorgo Hübner, [1819]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (4): 64. Type-species: Papilio ceto Hübner, [1804], Samml. Europ. Schmett. 1: pl. 112, figs. 578, 579 (= Papilio alberganus de Prunner, 1798, Lepid. Pedemont.: 71; synonym), by designation of Hemming (1933), Entomol. 66(844): 198.

      =    ‡Oreina Westwood, 1841

In: Brit. Butts. Transf. (ed. 1): 76. Type-species: Papilio cassiope Fabricius, 1787, Mantissa Ins. 2: 42, no. 417, by designation of Butler (1868), Entomol. Mon. Mag. 4(45): 194. Preoccupied by Oreina Chevrolet, 1835, in: Dejean, Cat. Coléopt. (ed. 2): 402.

=    Medusia Verity, 1953

Le Farfalle diurn. d'Italia 5: 179. Type-species: Papilio medusa [Schiffermüller], 1775, Ankündung eines syst. Werkes Schmett. Wiener Gegend: 167, no. 10, by original designation.

=    Triariia Verity, 1953

Le Farfalle diurn. d'Italia 5: 186. Type-species: Papilio triarius de Prunner, 1798, Lepid. Pedemont.: 70, by original designation.

=    Truncaefalcia Verity, 1953

Le Farfalle diurn. d'Italia 5: 188. Type-species: Papilio aethiops Esper, 1777, Die Schmett. 1(1)(5): pl. 25 (Supp. 1), fig. 3; (9): 312-313, by original designation.

      =    ‡Simplicia Verity, 1953

Le Farfalle diurn. d'Italia 5: 194. Type-species: Papilio epiphron Knoch, 1783, Beitr. Insektengesch. 3: 131, no. 3, pl. 6, fig. 7, by original designation. Preoccupied by Simplicia Guenée, 1854, Spec. gén. Lépid. 8: 51.

=    Simplospinosia Verity, 1957

Entomol. Rec. & J. Var. 69(10): 225. Type-species: Papilio epiphron Knoch, 1783, Beitr. Insektengesch. 3: 131, no. 3, pl. 6, fig. 7, as a replacement name. Proposed to replace Simplicia Verity, 1953, preoccupied (Code Articles 60.3, 67.8).

 

alberganus group B. Warren, 1936

Monogr. Erebia: 217.

 

Erebia pawloskii Ménétriés, 1859

Bull. class. phys. math. Acad. Imp. Sci. St. Petersburg (ser. 2)17(416/32): 498-499, no. 14.

Original Combination: Erebia Pawloskii

Type Locality: “près de la rivière Grande Sibagli” [in Basin of the Ugur River, a tributary of the Aldan River, Sakha Republic, Russia]

Types: Type(s) probably in ZIN.

There have been various misspellings of this name but the original orthography must stand even though it is obvious that the name is a patronym of Pavlovsk. This species in North America was formerly but incorrectly called Erebia theano (Tauscher, 1806) by most previous authors. Various Russian researchers (e.g., Gorbunov (2001), Butts. Russia Class.: 255) have shown that E. pawloskii and E. theano are distinct species-level taxa, and that E. pawloskii is the North American taxon.

            =    herzi Christoph, 1889

Horae Soc. Entomol. Ross. 23(1/2): 299, no. 2.

Original Combination: Erebia Herzi

Type Locality: “Mittleres Lena-Gebiet...mittleren Lena” [Sakha Republic, Russia]

Types: Syntypes possibly in BMNH.

            =    sajana Staudinger, 1895

Deut. Entomol. Z. “Iris” 7(2): 244-246.

Original Combination: Er[ebia]. Pawloskyi [sic!] var. Sajana

Type Locality: “Ost-Sajan Gebiet...Munku Sardyk-Gebirge” [Republic of Buryatia, Russia]

Types: Type(s) probably at ZMHB.

                   =    ‡”ultima” B. Warren, 1931

Entomol. Rec. & J. Var. 43(11): 171; figured by B. Warren (1936), Monogr. Erebia: pl. 83, figs. 1154 ♂ D, 1155, 1161 ♂ V, 1162.

Original Combination: E[rebia]. theano ssp. pawloskii ab. ultima

Type Locality: “E. Sajan mountains”; “holotype” from “Tunkun Mountains, Irkutsk” [Republic of Buryatia, Russia]

Types: “Holotype” in BMNH.

                   =    ‡”penultima” B. Warren, 1936

Monogr. Erebia: 239.

Original Combination: Erebia theano pawloskii ab. penultima

Type Locality: Not stated.

Types: “Holotype” presumably in BMNH.

                   =    ‡”aequalis” B. Warren, 1936

Monogr. Erebia: 239, pl. 83, figs. 1152 ♂ D, 1153 ♂ V (holotype); 1160.

Original Combination: Erebia theano pawloskii f. aequalis

Type Locality: Not stated in text; “holotype” from “East Sayan Mountains.” [Republic of Buryatia, Russia]

Types: “Holotype” in BMNH.

 

Erebia pawloskii ethela W. H. Edwards, 1891

Can. Entomol. 23(2): 31.

Original Combination: Erebia Ethela

Type Locality: “Yellowstone Park”; lectotype from “Trout Creek, Yellowstone National Park.” [Wyoming]

Types: Lectotype in CMNH, designated by F. Brown (1964), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 90(4): 402-403, fig. 31 ♂ D&V; figured by W. Holland (1931), Butt. Book (rev. ed.): pl. 61, fig. 10 ♂ V (lectotype), 11 ♀ V (paralectotype).

Bibliography

 

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