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Erynnis (juvenalis) clitus (W. H. Edwards, 1883)
(Clitus Duskywing)

Type Specimens photo collection:

Pinned Specimens photo collection:

Live Adults photo collection:

Immatures photo collection:

Genitalia photo collection:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

 

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Erynnis Schrank, 1801

Fauna boic. 2(1): 152, 157. Type-species: Papilio tages Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 485, no. 168, by designation of Scudder (1872), 4th Ann. Rep. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 71.

      =    ‡Thymele [Fabricius], 1807

In: Illiger, Mag. f. Insektenk. 6: 287, no. 39. Type-species: Papilio tages Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 485, no. 168, by designation of Westwood (1840), Intro. Class. Ins. 2, Syn.: 88. I.C.Z.N. Opinion 232 placed this name on the Official Index of Rejected and Invalid Generic Names in Zoology as name no. 49; it is also a junior objective synonym of Erynnis Schrank, 1801.

      =    ‡”Thymale” Oken, 1815

Lehrbuch Naturgesch. 3(Zool.)(1): 757, 758. Type-species: Papilio tages Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 485, no. 168, by designation of Hemming (1933), Entomol. 66(845): 225. This is possibly an incorrect subsequent spelling of Thymele [Fabricius], 1807, and is also a junior objective synonym of Erynnis Schrank, 1801. The original publication was placed on the list of rejected works in Opinion 417 and this name is unavailable (Code Article 80.7.2).

      =    ‡Astycus Hübner, 1822

Syst.-alph. Verz.: 1, 3, 5, 6, 8-10. Type-species: Papilio tages Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 485, no. 168, by designation of Hemming (1933), Entomol. 66(844): 200. A junior objective synonym of Erynnis Schrank, 1801.

      =    ‡Thanaos Boisduval, [1834]

Icon. Hist. Lépid. Europ. 1(23): 240. Type-species: Papilio tages Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 485, no. 168, by designation of Blanchard (1840), in: Castelnau, Hist. Nat. Ins. 3: 469. This name is a junior objective synonym of Erynnis Schrank, 1801; it was unjustifiably emended to “Thanatos” by [Dunning & Pickard] [1859], Accentuated List Brit. Lepid.: 6.

      =    ‡Hallia Tutt, 1906

Nat. Hist. Brit. Butts. 1(8/9): 261. Type-species: Thanaos marloyi Boisduval, [1834], Icon. Hist. Lépid. Europ. 1(24): 241, pl. 47, figs. 6, 7, by original designation. Preoccupied by Hallia Edwards & Haime, 1850, Brit. foss. Corals (Pal. Soc. 3): lxvi.

=    Erynnides Burns, 1964

Univ. Calif. Publ. Entomol. 37: 24-25. Type-species: Nisoniades propertius Scudder & Burgess, 1870, Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 13: 298, fig. 11, by original designation.

 

juvenalis group Burns, 1964

Univ. Calif. Publ. Entomol. 37: 27.

 

Erynnis juvenalis (Fabricius, 1793)

Entomol. Syst. 3(1): 339-340, no. 291; cited Jones’ Icones 6: pl. 78, fig. 1.

Original Combination: H[esperia]. U[rbicola]. Juvenalis

Type Locality: “America”

Types: Type(s) probably lost.

=    juvenis (Hübner, [1819])

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (7): 108, no. 1163, cited Papilio juvenalis J. E. Smith, 1797, in: Smith & Abbot, Ins. Georgia 1: pl. 21.

Original Combination: Nisoniades Juvenis

Type Locality: Not stated, but “Georgia” implied from John Abbot’s figures; “Virginia” is also mentioned by Abbot in his notes for this drawing.

Types: Described, by indication, from a John Abbot drawing. The specimens upon which this drawing was based are presumed lost. The figures on plate 21 represent Erynnis brizo and either Erynnis juvenalis or Erynnis horatius (Calhoun pers. comm. 2006).

=    costalis (Westwood, [1852])

In: Gen. diurn. Lepid. (2): pl. 79, fig. 3 ♂ D; (54): 519, no. 5.

Original Combination: Nisoniades Costalis

Type Locality: Not stated.

Types: Syntype in BMNH.

=    ennius (Scudder & Burgess, 1870)

Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 13: 296, fig. 9 ♂ valvae.

Original Combination: Nisoniades Ennius

Type Locality: “New England”

Types: Holotype (#15836) in MCZ.

=    plautus (Scudder & Burgess, 1870)

Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 13: 304, fig. 16 ♂ valvae.

Original Combination: Nisoniades Plautus

Type Locality: “Florida”

Types: Holotype (#15830) in MCZ.

 

Erynnis juvenalis clitus (W. H. Edwards, 1883)

Papilio 2(9/10): 180.

Original Combination: Thanaos Clitus

Type Locality: Not stated; subsequently listed from “Mt. Graham” by W. H. Edwards (1883), Papilio 3(3): 65; the lectotype is from this locality. [Graham County, Arizona]

Types: Lectotype in CMNH, designated by F. Brown and L. Miller (1975), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 101(4): 621, figs. 9 ♂ D&V, 10 ♂ genitalia.

W. H. Edwards described this taxon from a mixed series in his possession, but W. Barnes and McDunnough (1916), Contr. Nat. Hist. Lepid. N. Am. 3(2): 124, selected a specimen from Neumoegen’s collection, not seen by Edwards, as the “type.” F. Brown and L. Miller determined that the true type-series was that in Edwards’ own collection and acted accordingly.

                   =    maestus (Godman, 1899)

Biol. centr.-amer., Lepid. Rhop. 2(148): 457; 3: pl. 91, fig. 18 ♂ D.

Original Combination: Thanaos maestus

Type Locality: “North America, Arizona.--Mexico, Pinal, Puebla”

Types: Syntypes in BMNH.

Bibliography

 

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