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Euphydryas chalcedona sierra (W. G. Wright, 1905)
(Chalcedon Checkerspot)

Type Specimens photo collection:

Pinned Specimens photo collection Page 1:

Pinned Specimens photo collection Page 2:

Live Adults photo collection:

Larval Foodplants and Habitats photo collection:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

 

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Euphydryas Scudder, 1872

4th Ann. Rept. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 48. Type-species: Papilio phaeton Drury, 1773, Ill. Nat. Hist. 1: 42-43, pl. 21, figs. 3, 4; 2: index, by original designation. I.C.Z.N. Opinion 278 placed this name on the Official List of Generic Names in Zoology as name no. 700.

 

baroni group Bauer, 1975

In: Howe, Butts. N. Am.: 190.

 

Euphydryas chalcedona (E. Doubleday, [1847])

The separation of E. chalcedona, E. colon and E. anicia follows J. Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (72): 828.

In: Gen. diurn. Lepid. (1)(12): pl. 23, fig. 1 ♀ D; (21): 180, no. 5 (1848).

Original Combination: Melitaea Chalcedona

Type Locality: “Haiti” in error; corrected to “Californie” by Boisduval (1852), Annls. Soc. Entomol. Fr. (2)10(2): 303-304, no. 46; suggested to be “from the neighborhood of San Francisco” by W. Barnes and McDunnough (1916), Contr. Nat. Hist. Lepid. N. Am. 3(2): 85.

Types: Syntype(s) in BMNH; figured by Gunder (1928), Pan-Pac. Entomol. 5(1): pl. 1 ♀ D&V, and (1929), Pan-Pac. Entomol. 6(1): pl. 1 ♀ D&V.

=    cooperi (Behr, 1863)

Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. [1]3(6): 90, no. 2.

Original Combination: M[elitaea]. Cooperi

Type Locality: “California” implied from the title of the paper, “near Clear Lake...Mount Tamal Pais” from the description; neotype from “Mount Tamalpais, Marin County, California.”

Types: Type(s) destroyed in the 1906 San Francisco earthquake and fire; neotype in CAS, designated by J. Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (6): 101, figs. 37 ♂ D, 38 ♂ V.

=    ‡”fusimacula” (W. Barnes, 1900)

Can. Entomol. 32(2): 42.

Original Combination: Melitaea Chalcedon, ab. fusimacula

Type Locality: “California”

Types: “Holotype” in USNM; figured by Gunder (1927), Entomol. News 38(9): pl. 7, upper half, fig. 4 ♀ D&V.

=    ‡”mariana” (W. Barnes, 1900)

Can. Entomol. 32(2): 42, 43.

Original Combination: Melitaea Chalcedon, ab. Mariana

Type Locality: “California”

Types: “Holotype” in USNM; figured by Gunder (1927), Entomol. News 38(9): pl. 7, lower half, fig. 4 ♂ D&V.

=    ‡”grundeli” (Coolidge, 1908)

Can. Entomol. 40(11): 42.

Original Combination: Lemonias chalcedona aberr. Grundeli

Type Locality: “Cathran Gulch, Wright's Station, Calif.” [Santa Clara County, California]

Types: Location of “holotype” not known.

=    ‡”lorquini” (Oberthür, 1914)

Étud. Lépid. Comp. 9(2): 76, pl. 259, fig. 2170 ♂ D&V (“holotype”).

Original Combination: [Melitaea Chalcedona] ab. Lorquini

Type Locality: Not stated, “Californie” implied from the title of the paper.

Types: “Holotype” in USNM.

=    ‡”omniluteofuscus” Gunder, 1925

Entomol. News 36(7): 195-196, no. 4, pl. 5, fig. 4 ♀ V (“holotype”).

Original Combination: Euphydryas chalcedona ab. ♀ omniluteofuscus

Type Locality: “Santa Monica, Los Angeles County, California”

Types: “Holotype” in AMNH.

=    ‡”hemiluteofuscus” Gunder, 1925

Entomol. News 36(7): 196, no. 5, pl. 5, fig. 5 ♂ V (“holotype”).

Original Combination: Euphydryas chalcedona ab. ♂ hemiluteofuscus

Type Locality: “Altruas [sic!], Modoc County, California” [Alturas]

Types: “Holotype” in AMNH.

=    ‡”suprafusa” J. A. Comstock, 1926

Bull. South. Calif. Acad. Sci. 25(1): 30; figured by J. A. Comstock (1927), Butts. Calif.: pl. 32, fig. 9 ♀ D (“holotype”).

Original Combination: Euphydryas chalcedona ab. suprafusa

Type Locality: “Los Angeles, Calif.” [Los Angeles County, California]

Types: “Holotype” in LACM.

=    ‡”supranigrella” J. A. Comstock, 1926

Bull. South. Calif. Acad. Sci. 25(1): 30; figured by J. A. Comstock (1927), Butts. Calif.: pl. 32, fig. 8 ♂ D (“holotype”).

Original Combination: Euphydryas chalcedona ab. supranigrella

Type Locality: “Mt. Wilson, Calif.” [San Bernardino County, California]

Types: “Holotype” in LACM.

=    ‡”hemimelanica” J. A. Comstock, 1926

Bull. South. Calif. Acad. Sci. 25(1): 30, 31; figured by J. A. Comstock (1927), Butts. Calif.: pl. 32, fig. 11 ♂ D.

Original Combination: Euphydryas chalcedona ab. hemimelanica

Type Locality: “Sulphur Mountain Springs, Ventura County, Calif.” [California]

Types: “Holotype” in LACM.

=    ‡”fusisecunda” J. A. Comstock, 1926

Bull. South. Calif. Acad. Sci. 25(1): 30, 31; figured by J. A. Comstock (1927), Butts. Calif.: pl. 32, fig. 12 ♂ D (“holotype”).

Original Combination: Euphydryas chalcedona ab. fusisecunda

Type Locality: “Mt. Wilson, Calif.” [San Bernardino County, California]

Types: “Holotype” in LACM.

 

Euphydryas chalcedona sierra (W. G. Wright, 1905)

Butts. W. Coast: 54, no. 163; 152, no. 163, pl. 18, figs. 163 ♂ D (lectotype), 163b ♀ D, 163c ♂ V.

Original Combination: [Melitaea] Sierra; Melitaea Sierra n. s.

Type Locality: “Central California Mountains” “Sierra Nevadas”

Types: Lectotype (#4293) in CAS, designated by Tilden (1985), Occ. Pap. Calif. Acad. Sci. (118): 23; figured by Gunder (1929), Pan-Pac. Entomol. 6(1): pl. 3 ♂ D&V.

=    irelandi Gunder, 1929

Can. Entomol. 61(2): 44-45.

Original Combination: Euphydryas irelandi

Type Locality: “trail near Alta Peak, Sequoia Nat. Park, Calif.” [Tulare County]

Types: Holotype in AMNH; figured by Gunder (1929), Pan-Pac. Entomol. 6(1): pl. 8 ♂ D&V.

J. Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (72): 828, treated this as a subspecies-level taxon.

=    ‡”magdelenae” Gunder, 1925

Entomol. News 36(7): 197, no. 8, pl. 5, fig. 8 ♂ D (“holotype”).

Original Combination: Euphydryas sierra ab. ♂ magdelenae

Type Locality: “Glen Alpine Creek, El Dorado County, California”

Types: “Holotype” in AMNH.

=    ‡”umbrobasana” J. A. Comstock, 1926

Bull. South. Calif. Acad. Sci. 25(1): 31; figured by J. A. Comstock (1927), Butts. Calif.: pl. 35, fig. 5 ♂ D (“holotype”).

Original Combination: Euphydryas sierra [ab.] umbrobasana

Type Locality: “Lake Tahoe region”

Types: “Holotype” in LACM.

Bibliography

 

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