Main Introduction Page Electronic Reference Library Know-how Glossary of acronyms and other terms used on this website A Catalog of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada Illustrated Checklist of Neotropical Butterflies Support the Butterflies of America Foundation Interactive Listing of American Butterflies Photographer Credits Learn about contributing your photos Citation for this website Contact us
Papilionidae (Swallowtails)Pieridae (Whites and Sulphurs)Lycaenidae (Gossamerwings)Riodinidae (Metalmarks)Nymphalidae (Brushfoots)Hesperiidae (Skippers)Links to external lepidoptera websites
Loading

Hamadryas iphthime joannae Jenkins, 1983
(Brownish Cracker)

Pinned Specimens photo collection:


 

Live Adults photo collection:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

S TX (rare stray), E & S Mexico to Brazil

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Hamadryas Hübner, [1806]

Samml. exot. Schmett. 1: pl. [47]. Type-species: Papilio amphinome Linnaeus, 1767, Syst. Nat. (ed. 12) 1(2): 779-780, no. 176, by monotypy.

      =    ‡Apatura [Illiger], [1807]

Allg. Lit.-Zeit. 2(303): 1181. Type-species: Papilio amphinome Linnaeus, 1767, Syst. Nat. (ed. 12) 1(2): 779-780, no. 176, by monotypy. I.C.Z.N. Opinion 232 suppressed this name and placed on the Official Index of Rejected and Invalid Generic Names in Zoology as name no. 37.

=    Ageronia Hübner, [1819]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (3): 42. Type-species: Papilio chloe Stoll, 1787, Aanhangs. Werk Uitl. Kapellen Pieter Cramer (1): 22, pl. 5, figs. 1, 1a; (3): 182 (index), by designation of Scudder (1875), Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci., Boston 10(2): 104-105, no. 34.

      =    ‡Philocala Billberg, 1820

Enum. Ins. Mus. Billb.: 79. Type-species: Papilio amphinome Linnaeus, 1767, Syst. Nat. (ed. 12) 1(2): 779-780, no. 176, by designation of Scudder (1875), Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci., Boston 10(2): 248, no. 851. A junior objective synonym of Hamadryas.

=    Peridromia Lacordaire, 1833

Annls. Soc. Entomol. Fr. [1]2: 392. Type-species: Papilio arethusa Cramer, 1775, Uitl. Kapellen 1(7): 122-123, pl. 77, figs. E, F; (8): 151 (index) (= Papilio laodamia Cramer, 1777, Uitl. Kapellen 2(11): 49, pl. 130, fig. A; (16): 149 (index); homonym), by designation of Lamas (1980), J. Lepid. Soc. 34(2): 85.

      =    ‡Peridromia Boisduval, [1836]

Spec. gén. Lépid. 1: pl. 23 [= 7C], fig. 5. Type-species: Papilio arethusa Cramer, 1775, Uitl. Kapellen 1(7): 122, pl. 77, figs. E, F; (8): 151 (index) (= Papilio laodamia Cramer, 1777, Uitl. Kapellen 2(11): 49, pl. 130, fig. A; (16): 149 (index); homonym), by monotypy. Preoccupied by Peridromia Lacordaire, 1833, Annls. Soc. Entomol. Fr. [1]2: 392.

=    Amphichlora C. Felder, 1861

Nova Acta Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. germ. Nat. Cur. 28(3): 19, under Ageronia, no. 37. Type-species: Papilio feronia Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 473, no. 95, by designation of Scudder (1875), Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci., Boston 10(2): 109-110, no. 63.

Hamadryas iphthime (H. Bates, 1864)

Entomol. Mon. Mag. 1(5): 116, no. 51.

Original Combination: Ageronia Iphthime

Type Locality: “Guatemala; also New Granada”; lectotype from “Colombia.”

Types: Lectotype in BMNH, designated by Jenkins (1983), Bull. Allyn Mus. (81): 79.

            =    gervasia (Fruhstorfer, 1916)

In: Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde 5(206): 543.

Original Combination: [Ageronia iphthime] gervasia

Type Locality: “Bahia angefangen, durch alle brasilianischen Provinzen bis und mit Rio grande do Sul vorkommen”; syntype from “Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul.”

Types: Syntypes in BMNH; one figured by Jenkins (1983), Bull. Allyn Mus. (81): 71, figs. 89 ♂ D, 90 ♂ V.

            =    aternia (Fruhstorfer, 1916)

In: Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde 5(206): 543.

Original Combination: [Ageronia iphthime] aternia

Type Locality: “Bolivien”; syntype from “Bolivia, La Paz, Chimate.”

Types: Syntypes in BMNH; one figured by Jenkins (1983), Bull. Allyn Mus. (81): 71, figs. 91 ♀ D, 92 ♀ V.

            =    lindmani (Bryk, 1953)

Ark. Zool. (ns)5(1): 115, no. 259b.

Original Combination: [Peridromia epinome] ssp. lindmani

Type Locality: “Mato Grosso” [Brazil]

Types: Holotype in NHRS.

‡”itania” (Talbot, [1923])

Fruhstorfer Colln.: 54.

Original Combination: Ageronia ipthime [sic!] itania

Proposed without description or indication; a nomen nudum.

 

Hamadryas iphthime joannae Jenkins, 1983

Bull. Allyn Mus. (81): 72-73, figs. 93 ♂ D, 94 ♂ V (holotype); 95 ♀ D, 96 ♀ V.

Original Combination: Hamadryas iphthime joannae

Type Locality: “Mexico, Oaxaca, Chiltepec”

Types: Holotype in MGCL.

Bibliography

 

Top of PageMain PageReference LibraryLiterature ListCitationInteractive Listing

This website is supported by Butterflies of America Foundation, a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) tax-deductible nonprofit 170(b)(1)(A)(vi) public charity.