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Heliconius charithonia tuckeri W. Comstock & F. Brown, 1950
(Zebra Heliconian)

Pinned Specimens
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Live Adults
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Immatures
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Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

E TX to FL (strays N), Grand Bahama, Great Abaco

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Heliconius Kluk, 1780

Zwierz. Hist. Nat. Pocz. Gospod. 4: 82-84, no. 143. Type-species: Papilio charithonia Linnaeus, 1767, Syst. Nat. (ed. 12) 1(2): 757, no. 65, by designation of Hemming (1933), Entomol. 66(845): 223. I.C.Z.N. Opinion 382 placed this name on the Official List of Generic Names in Zoology as name no. 923.

      =    ‡Heliconius Latreille, [1804]

Nouv. Dict. Hist. Nat. 24(tab.): 185, 199. Type-species: Papilio charithonia Linnaeus, 1767, Syst. Nat. (ed. 12) 1(2): 757, no. 65, by designation of Hemming (1933), Entomol. 66(844): 198. A junior objective synonym of Heliconius Kluk, 1780. I.C.Z.N. Opinion 382 suppressed this name and placed it on the Official Index of Rejected and Invalid Names in Zoology as name no. 384.

      =    ‡Heliconia Latreille, 1818

Nouv. Dict. Hist. Nat. appl. Arts (2nd ed.) 24: 509; an unjustified emendation of Heliconius Kluk, 1780. I.C.Z.N. Opinion 382 suppressed this name and placed it on the Official Index of Rejected and Invalid Names in Zoology as name no. 385 (credited to Godart, 1819).

      =    ‡Migonitis Hübner, 1816

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (1): 12. Type-species: Papilio erato Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 467, no. 54, by designation of Scudder (1875), Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci., Boston 10(2): 218-219, no. 698. Preoccupied by Migonitis Rafinesque, 1815, Analyse Nat.: 147.

=    Sunias Hübner, 1816

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (1): 12. Type-species: Papilio melpomene Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 467, no. 55, by designation of Scudder (1875), Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci., Boston 10(2): 271, no. 990.

      =    ‡Apostraphia Hübner, 1816

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (1): 13. Type-species: Papilio charithonia Linnaeus, 1767, Syst. Nat. (ed. 12) 1(2): 757, no. 65, designated by Scudder (1875), Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci., Boston 10(2): 116, no. 106. A junior objective synonym of Heliconius Kluk, 1780. I.C.Z.N. Opinion 381 suppressed this name and placed it on the Official Index of Rejected and Invalid Names in Zoology as name no. 386.

      =    ‡Sicyonia Hübner, 1816

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (1): 13. Type-species: Papilio rhea Cramer, 1775, Uitl. Kapellen 1(5): 85, pl. 54, figs. C, D; (8): 155 (index) (= Papilio sara Fabricius, 1793, Entomol. Syst. 3(1): 167), by designation of Scudder (1875), Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci., Boston 10(2): 268, no. 967. I.C.Z.N. Opinion 382 suppressed this name and placed it on the Official Index of Rejected and Invalid Names in Zoology as name no. 380.

            =    ‡Sycionia Hübner, [1826]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. Anzeiger: 7. An unjustified emendation of Sicyonia Hübner, [1816]. I.C.Z.N. Opinion 382 suppressed this name and placed it on the Official Index of Rejected and Invalid Names in Zoology as name no. 381.

=    Ajantis Hübner, 1816

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (1): 13-14. Type-species: Papilio sapho Drury, 1782, Ill. Nat. Hist. 3: 54, index, pl. 38, fig. 4, by designation of Scudder (1875), Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci., Boston 10(2): 106, no. 43.

      =    ‡Phlogris Hübner, [1825]

Samml. exot. Schmett. 2: pl. [5]. Type-species: Papilio melpomene Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 467, no. 55, by monotypy. A junior objective synonym of Sunias.

      =    ‡Blanchardia Buchecker, [1880]

Syst. Entomol. 2: pl. 51. Type-species: Heliconia [sic!] choarina Hewitson, 1872, Entomol. Mon. Mag. 9(100): 83 (= Heliconia [sic!] hecuba Hewitson, [1858], Ill. exot. Butts. 2(25): [25], pl. Tithorea &c. [13], fig. 11), by monotypy. Preoccupied by Blanchardia Castelnau (1875), Philad. Cent. Exhib. 1876 Sect. 7(2): 47.

 

Heliconius charithonia (Linnaeus, 1767)

Syst. Nat. (ed. 12) 1(2): 757, no. 65; index, no. 65 (as charitonia); cited Sloane (1725), Voy. Mad. Barb. Niev. St. Christ. Jam. 2: pl. 239, figs. 15, 16, and G. Edwards (1747), Nat. Hist. Birds 2: 80, pl. 80.

Original Combination: P[apilio]. H[eliconius]. Charithonia

Type Locality: “America”; suggested to be “one of the Virgin Islands” by W. Comstock (1944), Sci. Surv. Puerto Rico & Virgin Is. 12(4): 438-439; further defined as “the island of St. Thomas, Virgin Islands” by Comstock and F. Brown (1950), Am. Mus. Novit. (1467): 10. [United States Virgin Islands]

Types: Lectotype in LSUK, designated by W. Comstock and F. Brown (1950), Am. Mus. Novit. (1467): 11, fig. 2 ♂ D.

I.C.Z.N. Opinion 382 placed this name (spelled charithonia) on the Official List of Specific Names in Zoology as name no. 616. W. Comstock and F. Brown (1950), Am. Mus. Novit. (1467): 1-2, selected the spelling charitonia over charithonia as first revisers, but the Official List supercedes that action.

 

Heliconius charithonia tuckeri W. Comstock & F. Brown, 1950

Am. Mus. Novit. (1467): 13, no. F, 15-16, fig. 3, no. F ♂ D.

Original Combination: Heliconius charitonius tuckeri

Type Locality: “Winter Park, Florida” [Orange County]

Types: Holotype in AMNH.

Bibliography

 

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