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Heliconius erato petiverana (E. Doubleday, 1847)
(Crimson-patched Longwing)

Pinned Specimens
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Aberrations
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Live Adults
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Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

S TX, E Mexico to Panama

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Heliconius Kluk, 1780

Zwierz. Hist. Nat. Pocz. Gospod. 4: 82-84, no. 143. Type-species: Papilio charithonia Linnaeus, 1767, Syst. Nat. (ed. 12) 1(2): 757, no. 65, by designation of Hemming (1933), Entomol. 66(845): 223. I.C.Z.N. Opinion 382 placed this name on the Official List of Generic Names in Zoology as name no. 923.

      =    ‡Heliconius Latreille, [1804]

Nouv. Dict. Hist. Nat. 24(tab.): 185, 199. Type-species: Papilio charithonia Linnaeus, 1767, Syst. Nat. (ed. 12) 1(2): 757, no. 65, by designation of Hemming (1933), Entomol. 66(844): 198. A junior objective synonym of Heliconius Kluk, 1780. I.C.Z.N. Opinion 382 suppressed this name and placed it on the Official Index of Rejected and Invalid Names in Zoology as name no. 384.

      =    ‡Heliconia Latreille, 1818

Nouv. Dict. Hist. Nat. appl. Arts (2nd ed.) 24: 509; an unjustified emendation of Heliconius Kluk, 1780. I.C.Z.N. Opinion 382 suppressed this name and placed it on the Official Index of Rejected and Invalid Names in Zoology as name no. 385 (credited to Godart, 1819).

      =    ‡Migonitis Hübner, 1816

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (1): 12. Type-species: Papilio erato Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 467, no. 54, by designation of Scudder (1875), Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci., Boston 10(2): 218-219, no. 698. Preoccupied by Migonitis Rafinesque, 1815, Analyse Nat.: 147.

=    Sunias Hübner, 1816

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (1): 12. Type-species: Papilio melpomene Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 467, no. 55, by designation of Scudder (1875), Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci., Boston 10(2): 271, no. 990.

      =    ‡Apostraphia Hübner, 1816

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (1): 13. Type-species: Papilio charithonia Linnaeus, 1767, Syst. Nat. (ed. 12) 1(2): 757, no. 65, designated by Scudder (1875), Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci., Boston 10(2): 116, no. 106. A junior objective synonym of Heliconius Kluk, 1780. I.C.Z.N. Opinion 381 suppressed this name and placed it on the Official Index of Rejected and Invalid Names in Zoology as name no. 386.

      =    ‡Sicyonia Hübner, 1816

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (1): 13. Type-species: Papilio rhea Cramer, 1775, Uitl. Kapellen 1(5): 85, pl. 54, figs. C, D; (8): 155 (index) (= Papilio sara Fabricius, 1793, Entomol. Syst. 3(1): 167), by designation of Scudder (1875), Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci., Boston 10(2): 268, no. 967. I.C.Z.N. Opinion 382 suppressed this name and placed it on the Official Index of Rejected and Invalid Names in Zoology as name no. 380.

            =    ‡Sycionia Hübner, [1826]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. Anzeiger: 7. An unjustified emendation of Sicyonia Hübner, [1816]. I.C.Z.N. Opinion 382 suppressed this name and placed it on the Official Index of Rejected and Invalid Names in Zoology as name no. 381.

=    Ajantis Hübner, 1816

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (1): 13-14. Type-species: Papilio sapho Drury, 1782, Ill. Nat. Hist. 3: 54, index, pl. 38, fig. 4, by designation of Scudder (1875), Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci., Boston 10(2): 106, no. 43.

      =    ‡Phlogris Hübner, [1825]

Samml. exot. Schmett. 2: pl. [5]. Type-species: Papilio melpomene Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 467, no. 55, by monotypy. A junior objective synonym of Sunias.

      =    ‡Blanchardia Buchecker, [1880]

Syst. Entomol. 2: pl. 51. Type-species: Heliconia [sic!] choarina Hewitson, 1872, Entomol. Mon. Mag. 9(100): 83 (= Heliconia [sic!] hecuba Hewitson, [1858], Ill. exot. Butts. 2(25): [25], pl. Tithorea &c. [13], fig. 11), by monotypy. Preoccupied by Blanchardia Castelnau (1875), Philad. Cent. Exhib. 1876 Sect. 7(2): 47.

 

Heliconius erato (Linnaeus, 1758)

Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 467, no. 54.

Original Combination: P[apilio]. H[eliconius]. Erato

Type Locality: “Indiis”; neotype from “Berg, en Dal, Surinam.”

Types: Neotype in BMNH, designated by I.C.Z.N. Opinion 1386.

Opinion 1386 addressed this taxon and the confusion between it and Heliconius doris (Linnaeus, 1771); the name erato was placed on the Official List of Specific Names in Zoology, no number yet designated. Most of the Neotropical synonymy has been omitted.

            =    vesta (Cramer, 1777)

Uitl. Kapellen 2(10): 33, pl. 119, fig. A ♂ D; (16): 151 (index).

Original Combination: Pap[ilio]. Hel[iconius]. Vesta

Type Locality: “Surinamsche” “Suriname”

Types: Type(s) probably lost.

            =    erythrea (Cramer, 1777)

Uitl. Kapellen 2(16): 141, pl. 189, fig. A ♂ D; (16): 148 (index).

Original Combination: Pap[ilio]. Hel[iconius]. Erythrea

Type Locality: “Surinamsche” “Suriname”

Types: Type(s) probably lost.

            =    andremona (Cramer, 1780)

Uitl. Kapellen 4(25): 14, pl. 297, fig. A ♂ D; (34): 247 (index).

Original Combination: Pap[ilio]. Hel[iconius]. Andremona

Type Locality: “Surinamsche” “Suriname”

Types: Type(s) probably lost.

            =    udalrica (Cramer, 1780)

Uitl. Kapellen 4(25): 14, pl. 297, fig. B ♂ D; (34): 252 (index).

Original Combination: Pap[ilio]. Hel[iconius]. Udalrica

Type Locality: “Surinamsche” “Suriname”

Types: Type(s) probably lost.

            =    cynisca (Godart, 1819)

Ency. méth. 9(Ins.)(1): (203), 205 no. 8.

Original Combination: Heliconia Cynisca

Type Locality: “Guyane”

Types: Location of type(s) not known.

 

Heliconius erato petiverana (E. Doubleday, 1847)

In: Gen. diurn. Lepid. (1)(10): 103, no. 18; cited Petiver (1702), Gazophylacium: pl. 4, fig. 2.

Original Combination: Hel[iconia]. Petiverana

Type Locality: “Mexico, Honduras”; syntype from “Mexico.”

Types: Syntype in BMNH; figured by Ackery and Smiles (1976), Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.) Entomol. 32(5): pl. 29, fig. 292 ♂ D&V.

                   =    mexicana Boisduval, 1870

Consid. Lépid. Guat.: 28; cited Heliconia demophoon Ménétriés, 1855, Enum. corp. anim. (1): 86, no. 331-332, pl. 2, fig. 4, and Petiver (1702), Gazophylacium: pl. 4, fig. 2.

Original Combination: Heliconia Mexicana

Type Locality: “Mexique et à Honduras”

Types: Petiver’s figure might be considered to represent a syntype; if extant, the specimen(s) upon which the figure was based might be in BMNH or MNHP.

Bibliography

 

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