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Junonia c. coenia Hübner, [1822]
(Northern Buckeye)

Pinned Specimens photo collection Page 1:

Pinned Specimens photo collection Page 2:

Aberrations photo collection:

Live Adults photo collection Page 1:

Live Adults photo collection Page 2:

Live Adults photo collection Page 3:

Immatures photo collection:

Larval Foodplants and Habitats photo collection:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:

Bermuda, Cuba & Isla de Juventud


(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Junonia Hübner, [1819]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (3): 34. Type-species: Papilio lavinia Cramer, 1775, Uitl. Kapellen 1(2): 32, pl. 21, figs. C, D; (8): 153 (index) (= Papilio evarete Cramer, 1779, Uitl. Kapellen 3(17): 18, pl. 203, figs. C, D; (24): 174 (index); homonym), by designation of Scudder (1872), 4th Ann. Rept. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 43. Wahlberg et al. (2005), Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 86(2): 236, 239, 250, determined that Junonia and Precis Hübner, [1819], are distinct genus-level taxa. The following arrangement of species-level taxa is preliminary, and largely follows Lamas et al. (2004), Atl. Neotrop. Lepid. Chcklst. Part 4A: 251, and Neild (2008), Butterflies of Venezuela. Part 2.

=    Alcyoneis Hübner, [1819]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (3): 34-35. Type-species: Alcyoneis almane Hübner, [1819], Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (3): 35, no. 293 (= Papilio almana Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 472, no. 89; synonym), by designation of Hemming (1933), Entomol. 66(844): 197.

=    Aresta Billberg, 1820

Enum. Ins. Mus. Billb.: 79. Type-species: Papilio laomedia Linnaeus, 1767, Syst. Nat. (ed. 12) 1(2): 772, no. 176 (= Papilio atlites Linnaeus, 1763, in: Johansson, Cent. Ins. Rar: 24-25, no. 72; synonym), by designation of Scudder (1875) Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci., Boston 10(2): 117, no. 113.

=    Kamilla Collins & Larsen, 1991

In: Larsen, Butts. Kenya, Nat. Hist.: 444. Type-species: Papilio cymodoce Cramer, 1777, Uitl. Kapellen 2(9): 5, pl. 99, figs. G, H; (16): 148 (index), by original designation.


Junonia coenia Hübner, [1822]


Junonia coenia coenia Hübner, [1822]

Samml. exot. Schmett. 2: pl. [32], figs. 1 ♂ D, 2 ♂ V, 3 ♀ D, 4 ♀ V.

Original Combination: Junonia Coenia

Type Locality: Not stated; listed as “Amer. Sept. et Centr., Venezuela”, by W. F. Kirby (1908), in: P. Wytsman, Facsimile ed. Hübner Samml. exot. Schmett. 3(addit. notes): 24; suggested to be “Cuba” by W. Comstock (1944), Sci. Surv. Puerto Rico & Virgin Is. 12(4): 453, Klots (1951), Field Guide Butts. N. Am.: 109, and Tilden (1971), J. Res. Lepid. 9(2): 104; suggested to be “United States” by L. Miller and F. Brown (1981), Mem. Lepid. Soc. (2): 175.

Types: Type(s) probably lost.

                   =    bergi Avinoff, 1926

Ann. Carnegie Mus. 16(3/4): 366, pl. 32, figs. 7 ♂ D&V (holotype), 8 ♀ D&V.

Original Combination: Junonia coenia bergi subsp. nov.

Type Locality: “St. George, Bermudas”

Types: Holotype (#7418) in CMNH.

                         =    ‡antirrhini (Fabricius, 1938)

In: Bryk, Syst. Glossat.: 94, no. 26; cited Papilio orythia Fabricius, 1793, Entomol. Syst. 3(1): 91, no. 284, and sensu J. E. Smith (1797), in: Smith & Abbot, Ins. Georgia 1: pl. 8.

Original Combination: C[ynthia]. Antirrhini

Proposed as a replacement name for coenia based on the name of a foodplant; a junior objective synonym of coenia.

                         =    ‡”weidenhammeri” Polacek, 1925

Maryland Acad. Sci. Bull. 6(3): 10-11, fig. A ♂ D, B ♂ V (“holotype”).

Original Combination: Junonia Coenia [ab.] Weidenhammeri

Type Locality: “St. Peter's Cemetary in Baltimore” [Baltimore City, Maryland]

Types: Location of “holotype” not known.

This taxon was redescribed by Polacek (1926), Bol. Soc. Colomb. Cienc. Nat. 15(85): 41-43, figs. A ♂ D, B ♂ V.

                         =    ‡”rubrosuffusa” (W. D. Field, 1936)

J. Entomol. & Zool. 28(2): 23-24.

Original combination: Precis coena [sic!] tr. f. rubrosuffusa

Type Locality: “Lawrence, Kansas” [Douglas County]

Types: “Holotype” in USNM.

                         =    ‡”rosa” (Whittaker & D. Stallings, 1944)

Entomol. News 55(4): 91.

Original Combination: Precis coenia f. hiem. rosa

Type Locality: “Caldwell, Kansas” [Sumner County]

Types: “Holotype” in USNM.

‡”quinatzin” (Arias, 1968)

Exp. cient. esp. siglo XVIII. Exp. Bot. Nueva España: 395, pl. [106], figs. 5-6.

Original Combination: Papilio Quinatzin

Name proposed without a description or indication; a nomen nudum.



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