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Lethe eurydice fumosus (Leussler, 1916)
(Eyed Brown)

Type Specimens photo collection:


Pinned Specimens photo collection:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:



(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Lethe Hübner, [1819]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (4): 56. Type-species: Papilio europa Fabricius, 1775, Syst. Entomol.: 500-501, no. 247, by monotypy. The use of Lethe over Satyrodes and Enodia follows R. Chermock (1947), Entomol. News 58(2): 29-35, de Lesse (1957), Ann. Entomol. Soc. Fr. 125: 80-82, and Scott (1986), Butts. N. Am.: 233-236.


Lethe eurydice (Linnaeus, 1763)

In: Johansson, Cent. Ins. Rar.: 23, no. 65; usually cited as from Amoen. acad. 6: 406, no. 65, a subsequent reprint.

Original Combination: Papilio Eurydice D[anaus].

Type Locality: “Philadelphia”; neotype from “Morris Arboretum, Philadelphia Co., Pennsylvania.”

Types: Type(s) considered lost; neotype in USNM, designated by Cardé et al. (1970), Psyche 77(1): 74, figs. 3 ♂ D, 4 ♂ V.

=    ‡canthus (Linnaeus, 1767)

Syst. Nat. (ed. 12) 1(2): 768, no. 129; cited Papilio eurydice Linnaeus (1763), Amoen. acad. 6: 406, no. 65.

Original Combination: P[apilio]. D[anaus Festivus]. Canthus

Type Locality: “America septentrionali”

Types: The type is the same as for eurydice.

Proposed as a replacement name for Papilio eurydice Linnaeus, 1763, erroneously thought preoccupied. A junior objective synonym of Papilio eurydice.

=    ‡cantheus (Godart, 1819)

Ency. méth. 9(Ins.)(2): 465, 493, no. 56.

Original Combination: Satyrus Cantheus

Type Locality: “l’Amérique septentrionale“

Types: Type(s), if any exist, may be in MNHP.

Considered by some to be an incorrect subsequent spelling of canthus Linnaeus, 1767 (e.g., L. Miller and F. Brown (1981), Mem. Lepid. Soc. 2: 240, note 620), but possibly a nomen dubium in Euptychiina as considered by Cardé et al. (1970), Psyche 77(1): 76.

=    transmontana (Gosse, 1840)

Can. Nat.: 247.

Original Combination: Hipparchia Transmontana

Type Locality: “beyond the Rocky Mountains”; implied to be “Compton, Quebec” from the text; defined as “Compton, in Lower Canada” by Gosse (1841), Entomol. 1(9): 138; subsequently defined as “within 3 miles of Compton in the county of Sherbrooke (now the county of Compton), Lower Canada, about 45o 15' Lat. and 72o W. Long” by W. D. Field (1936), J. Entomol. & Zool. 28(2): 22. [Quebec]

Types: Type(s) apparently lost.

Considered a nomen nudum by W. Forbes (1960), Mem. Cornell Univ. Agric. Exp. Sta. 371 (part 4): 167, footnote, and Cardé et al. (1970), Psyche 77(1): 77-78, and. If the Gosse description is considered a nomen nudum, then W. D. Field (1936), J. Entomol. & Zool. 28(2): 22, is the author of this taxon.

=    boisduvallii (T. Harris, 1862)

Ins. injur. Veget. (3rd ed.): 305-306, fig. 128 ♂ D&V.

Original Combination: Hipparchia Boisduvallii

Type Locality: “northwestern parts of this State”; “Massachusetts” implied from the title of the first edition of the book.

Types: Probable syntype in MCZ.

=    ‡”boweri” F. Chermock, 1927

Bull. Brooklyn Entomol. Soc. 22(2): 119.

Original Combination: Satyrodes canthus ab. boweri

Type Locality: “Port Hope, Ontario, Canada”

Types: “Holotype” in MGCL.

=    ‡”rawsoni” W. D. Field, 1936

J. Entomol. & Zool. 28(2): 22.

Original Combination: Satyrodes eurydice race transmontana female f. rawsoni

Type Locality: “Bloomfield, Michigan” [Bloomfield Hills, Oakland County]

Types: “Holotype” in USNM.


Lethe eurydice fumosus (Leussler, 1916)

Entomol. News 27(3): 99-100, pl. iv, figs. 1 ♂ D, 2 ♀ V.

Original Combination: Satyrodes canthus n. v. fumosus

Type Locality: “Sarpy County, Nebraska, a few miles south of Omaha”

Types: Holotype in USNM or OSU; a “paratype” figured by W. Holland (1931), Butt. Book (rev. ed.): pl. 63, fig. 11 ♂ D; a “cotype” figured by Howe (1975), Butts. N. Am.: pl. 4, figs. 1 ♂ D, 2 ♂ V (in LACM).



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