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Lethe portlandia missarkae (J. Heitzman & dos Passos, 1974)
(Southern Pearly-eye)

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(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Lethe Hübner, [1819]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (4): 56. Type-species: Papilio europa Fabricius, 1775, Syst. Entomol.: 500-501, no. 247, by monotypy. The use of Lethe over Satyrodes and Enodia follows R. Chermock (1947), Entomol. News 58(2): 29-35, de Lesse (1957), Ann. Entomol. Soc. Fr. 125: 80-82, and Scott (1986), Butts. N. Am.: 233-236.  


Lethe portlandia (Fabricius, 1781)

Spec. Ins. 2: 82, no. 363.

Original Combination: P[apilio]. N[ymphalis]. G[emmata] Portlandia

Type Locality: “America meridionali”; suggested to be “Georgia” by Morris (1862), Smithsonian Misc. Coll. [4]: 79, no. 2, and L. Miller and F. Brown (1981), Mem. Lepid. Soc. (2): 189.

Types: Neotype in HMUG, designated by J. R. Heitzman and dos Passos (1974), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 100(1): 57, figs. 1 ♀ D, 2 ♀ V.

=    ‡ andromacha (Hübner, [1809])

Samml. exot. Schmett. 1: pl. [89], figs. 1 ♂ D, 2 ♂ V.

Original Combination: Oreas Marmorea Andromacha

Type Locality: Not stated. The neotype of andromacha is also the neotype of portlandia.

Types: Neotype in HMUG, designated by J. R. Heitzman and dos Passos (1974), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 100(1): 58, figs. 1 ♀ D, 2 ♀ V.

A junior objective synonym of portlandia.

=    ‡androcardia Hübner, 1821

Index exot. Lepid.: [1].

Original Combination: Enodia Androcardia

Proposed as a replacement name for andromacha Hübner, [1809], erroneously thought preoccupied; a junior objective synonym of andromacha and portlandia.


Lethe portlandia missarkae J. Heitzman & dos Passos, 1974

Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 100(1): 71-75, figs. 11 ♂ D, 12 ♂ V (holotype); 13 ♀ D, 14 ♀ V, fig. 19 ♂ genitalia.

Original Combination: Lethe portlandia missarkae

Type Locality: “five miles south of Fayetteville, Washington County, Arkansas, along the west fork of Little Arkansas White River, one mile east of Fayetteville Airport (or) 4.7 air miles south of the junction of U.S. Highways 71 and 62 (35o 59' 30" N,. 94o 10' W.), elevation 1800'”

Types: Holotype in AMNH.



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