Main Introduction Page Electronic Reference Library Know-how Glossary of acronyms and other terms used on this website A Catalog of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada Illustrated Checklist of Neotropical Butterflies Support the Butterflies of America Foundation Interactive Listing of American Butterflies Photographer Credits Learn about contributing your photos Citation for this website Contact us
Papilionidae (Swallowtails)Pieridae (Whites and Sulphurs)Lycaenidae (Gossamerwings)Riodinidae (Metalmarks)Nymphalidae (Brushfoots)Hesperiidae (Skippers)Links to external lepidoptera websites
Loading

Limenitis a. arthemis (Drury, 1773)
(White Admiral)

Pinned Specimens photo collection Page 1:


 

Pinned Specimens photo collection Page 2:

Pinned Specimens photo collection Page 3:

Live Adults photo collection:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

 

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Limenitis [Fabricius], 1807

In: Illiger, Mag. f. Insektenk. 6: 281, no. 10. Type-species: Papilio populi Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 476, no. 111, by designation of Dalman (1816), K. svenska VetenskAkad. Handl. 37(1): 55. I.C.Z.N. Opinion 278 placed this name on the Official List of Generic Names in Zoology as name no. 701. R. Chermock (1950), Am. Midl. Nat. 43(3): 513-569, united many genus-level taxa under Limenitis, some of which have since been elevated. The use of Basilarchia for Nearctic species is not warranted until a thorough analysis of all related taxa has been conducted.

      =    ‡Najas Hübner, [1806]

Tentamen: [1]. Type-species: Papilio populi Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 476, no. 111, by monotypy. I.C.Z.N. Opinion 97 suppressed this publication. I.C.Z.N. Opinion 278 placed this name on the Official Index of Rejected and Invalid Generic Names in Zoology as name no. 80.

      =    ‡Callianira Hübner, [1819]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (3): 38. Type-species: Callianira ephestiaena Hübner, [1819], Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (3): 38, no. 334 (= Papilio ephestion Stoll, 1790, Aanhangs. Werk Uitl. Kapellen Pieter Cramer (2): 121, pl. 25, figs. 1A ♂ D, 1B ♂ V; (3): 183 (index); a synonym of Papilio astyanax, Fabricius, 1775, Syst. Entomol.: 447, no. 20, which is a subspecies of Papilio arthemis Drury, 1773, Ill. Nat. Hist. 2: 17, index, pl. 10, figs. 3, 4), by monotypy. Preoccupied by Callianira Péon & Lesueur, 1810, Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat., Paris 15(85): 65.

      =    ‡Nymphalis Boisduval, [1828]

Europ. Lepid. Ind. Meth.: 14. Type-species: Papilio populi Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 476, no. 111, by monotypy. Preoccupied by Nymphalis Kluk, 1780, Zwierz. Hist. Nat. Pocz. Gospod. 4: 86.

      =    ‡Nympha Krause, 1839

In: Thon, Faun. Thüringen 4(4/5): 86. Type-species: Papilio populi Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 476, no. 111, by designation of Scudder (1872), Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci., Boston 10(2): 293, no. 755 bis. Preoccupied by Nympha Fitzinger, 1826, Nouv. Class. Rept. 29, and a junior objective synonym of Limenitis.

      =    ‡Nymphalis (C. Felder, 1861)

Nova Acta Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. germ. Nat. Cur. 28(3): 41, no. 97. Type-species: Papilio astyanax Fabricius, 1775, Syst. Entomol.: 447, no. 20 (= Papilio arthemis Drury, 1773, Ill. Nat. Hist. 2: 17, index, pl. 10, figs. 3, 4; subspecies), by designation of Hemming (1934), Entomol. 67(849): 37. Preoccupied by Nymphalis Kluk, 1780, Zwierz. Hist. Nat. Pocz. Gospod. 4: 86, and also a junior objective synonym of Basilarchia Scudder, 1872.

=    Basilarchia Scudder, 1872

4th Ann. Rept. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 29. Type-species: Papilio astyanax Fabricius, 1775, Syst. Entomol.: 447, no. 20 (= Papilio arthemis Drury, 1773, Ill. Nat. Hist. 2: 17, index, pl. 10, figs. 3, 4; subspecies), by original designation.

=    Ladoga Moore, 1898

Lepid. Ind. 3(32): 146; (33): 174. Type-species: Papilio camilla Linnaeus, 1764, Mus. Lud. Ulr.: 304, no. 122, by original designation.

=    Azuritis Boudinot, 1986

Nouv. Rev. Entomol. (n.s.) 2(4): 405. Type-species: Limenitis reducta Staudinger, 1901, Cat. Lepid. Palae. (3rd ed.): 22, no. 135a, by original designation. Gorbunov (2001), Butts. Russia Class.: 159, treated this taxon as a subgenus.

 

Limenitis arthemis (Drury, 1773)

 

Limenitis arthemis arthemis (Drury, 1773)

Ill. Nat. Hist. 2: 17, index, pl. 10, figs. 3 ♂ D, 4 ♂ V.

Original Combination: Pap[ilio]. Nym[phalis]. Phal[eratus]. Arthemis

Type Locality: “New York”; stated to be “New York, probably Catskill Mountains” by Klots (1951), Field Guide Butts. N. Am.: 116.

Types: Type(s) probably lost.

                   =    lamina (Fabricius, 1793)

Entomol. Syst. 3(1): 118, no. 361; cited Jones’ Icones 5: pl. 32, fig. 1.

Original Combination: P[apilio]. N[ymphales]. Lamina

Type locality: “Indiis”

Types: Type(s) probably lost.

                   =    proserpina W. H. Edwards, 1865

Proc. Entomol. Soc. Philad. 5(1): 148; figured by W. H. Edwards (1867), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 1(3): pl. 5, (1869), Butts. N. Am. [1](4): pl. Limenitis 1, figs. 1 ♂ D, 2 ♂ V, 3 ♀ D, 4 ♀ V, and (1879), 2(8): pl. Limenitis 1, figs. 5 ♂ D, 6 ♂ D.

Original Combination: Limenitis Proserpina

Type Locality: “Catskill Mountains”; defined as “Hunter, Greene Co., New York” by F. Brown (1967), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 93(3): 358.

Types: Lectotype in CMNH, designated by F. Brown (1967), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 93(3): 360, fig. 12 ♂ D&V.

                                =    ‡”rufescens” Cockerell, 1889

Entomol. 22(308): 4; cited unspecified Maynard reference, probably (1886), Butts. N. England (ed. 1): pl. 1, fig. 11 ♂ D&V.

Original Combination: L[imenitis]. arthemis [form]. rufescens

Type Locality: “Southern States”

Types: “Holotype” probably in MCZ, if it existed.

                                =    ‡”cerulea” Ehrmann, 1900

Can. Entomol. 32(11): 348.

Original Combination: Limenitis ursula, Var. cerulea ♀, nov. var.

Type Locality: “Charleroi, Penn’a” [Washington County, Pennsylvania]

Types: “Syntypes” in CMNH.

                                =    ‡”albofasciata” Newcomb, 1907

Psyche 14(5): 90-91, pl. 2, figs. 7 ♂ D, 8 ♀ D.

Original Combination: Limenitis ursula var. albofasciata

Type Locality: “Mass., eastern N. Y., and vicinity of Jersey City”; lectotype from “Fort Lee, Hudson Co., N. Y.” [New York]

Types: “Syntypes” in AMNH.

                                =    ‡”benjamini” Nakahara, 1924

Bull. Brooklyn Entomol. Soc. 19(5): 171.

Original Combination: [Basilarchia arthemis albofasciata] Aberr. benjamini

Type Locality: “Massachusetts”

Types: “Holotype” in USNM.

                                =    ”virithemis” W. D. Field, 1936

J. Entomol. & Zool. 28(2): 24.

Original Combination: Basilarchia Arthemis f. virithemis

Type Locality: “Germania, Penn.” [Potter County, Pennsylvania]

Types: “Holotype” in USNM.

Bibliography

 

Top of PageMain PageReference Library Literature ListCitationInteractive Listing

This website is supported by Butterflies of America Foundation, a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) tax-deductible nonprofit 170(b)(1)(A)(vi) public charity.