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Lycaena hyllus (Cramer, 1775)
(Bronze Copper)

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(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Lycaena [Fabricius], 1807

In: Illiger Mag. f. Insektenk. 6: 285, no. 32. Type-species: Papilio phlaeas Linnaeus, 1761, Fauna Svecica (ed. 2): 285, no. 1078, by designation of J. Curtis (1824), Brit. Entomol. 1(3): pl. 12, [1]. American species in this genus were reviewed by Pratt and D. Wright (2003), Pan-Pac. Entomol. 78(4): 219-229.


Lycaena hyllus (Cramer, 1775)

Uitl. Kapellen 1(4): 67-68, pl. 43, figs. B ♂ D, C ♂ V; (8): 153 (index).

Original Combination: Pap[ilio]. Pleb[ejus]. Ruralis Hyllus

Type Locality: “Smirna” “Smirne” [Smyrna, Turkey]

Types: Location of type(s) not known, probably lost.

This name is in prevailing use. It was treated as a senior synonym of the Old World Thersamonia thersamon (Esper, 1784) by Koçak (1983), Priamus 3(3): 3-5. This is an error.

            =    thoe (Guérin-Méneville, [1832])

Icon. Régne Anim. Cuvier 2(18): pl. Ins. 81, figs. 4 ♀ D, 4a ♀ V, 4b [1832]; 3: 490 [1844].

Original Combination: Polyommatus Thoe

Type Locality: “l'Amerique du Nord”

Types: Location of type(s) not known, possibly in MNHP.

F. Brown and W. D. Field (1970), J. N. Y. Entomol. Soc. 78(4): 175-184, successfully attempted to supplant Polyommatus thoe with Papilio hyllus as a senior synonym. Even though the rules current at the time were violated by replacing a long recognized name with an overlooked senior synonym, their action has become widely accepted. Stability seems best served by maintaining the name hyllus.

                   =    ‡”wormsbacheri” Gunder, 1927

Bull. South. Calif. Acad. Sci. 26(2): 53.

Original Combination: Lycaena thoe nov. tr. f. wormsbacheri

Type Locality: Not known, but possibly Cleveland, Ohio, where Wormsbach lived. [Cuyahoga County]

Types: “Holotype” in USNM.

                   =    ‡”wyatti” Gunder, 1927

Can. Entomol. 59(12): 285, no. 16, pl. A, fig. 16 ♂ D, 16b ♂ V (“holotype”), 16d ♀ D.

Original Combination: Lycaena (Heodes) thoe tr. f. wyatti

Type Locality: “Colorado?”

Types: “Holotype” in FMNH.



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