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Marpesia chiron (Fabricius, 1775)
(Many-banded Daggerwing)

Pinned Specimens
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Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

S TX (strays N), E & W Mexico to Argentina, Greater Antilles

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

  Genus Marpesia Hübner, 1818

Zutr. Samml. exot. Schmett. 1: 32. Type-species: Marpesia eleuchea Hübner, 1818, Zutr. Samml. exot. Schmett. 1: pl. [35], figs. 197, 198; 32, no. 99, by designation of Scudder (1875), Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci., Boston 10(2): 212, no. 659.

=    Athena Hübner, [1819]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (3): 36. Type-species: Papilio “thetis” (= thetys) Fabricius, 1777, Gen. Ins.: 264 (= Papilio petreus Cramer, 1776, Uitl. Kapellen 1(8): 138, pl. 87, figs. D, E; (8): 154 (index); homonym), by monotypy.

=    Euglyphus Billberg, 1820

Enum. Ins. Mus. Billb.: 80. Type-species: Papilio chiron Fabricius, 1775, Syst. Entomol.: 452, no. 40, by monotypy.

=    Marius Swainson, 1830

Zool. Illustr. (2)1(9): pl. 45, unnumbered text. Type-species: Papilio marius Cramer, 1779, Uitl. Kapellen 3(17): 14, pl. 200, figs. D, E; (24): 175 (index) (= Papilio chiron Fabricius, 1775, Syst. Entomol.: 452, no. 40; synonym), by original designation.

      =    ‡Petreus Swainson, 1833

Zool. Illustr. (2)3(24): pl. 110, unnumbered text. Type-species: Papilio thetys Fabricius, 1777, Gen. Ins.: 264 (= Papilio petreus Cramer, 1776, Uitl. Kapellen 1(8): 138, pl. 87, figs. D, E; (8): 154 (index); homonym), by monotypy. A junior objective synonym of Athena.

=    Megalura Blanchard, 1840

In: Castelnau, Hist. Nat. Ins. 3: 446. Type-species: Nymphalis coresia Godart, [1824], in: Ency. méth. 9(Ins.)(2): 359, no. 31 (= Marpesia zerynthia Hübner, [1823], Samml. exot. Schmett. 2: pl. [51], figs. 1 ♂ D, 2 ♂ V; synonym), by original designation.

=    Tymetes Doyére, [1840]

In: Cuvier, Règne Animal. (3rd ed) Ins. 2(10): pl. 139, fig. 1. Type-species: Tymetes merops Doyère, [1840], in: Cuvier, Règne Animal. (3rd ed) Ins. 2(10): pl. 139, fig. 1, by monotypy.

This name was spelled “Timetes” by Scudder (1875), Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci. 2(4): 237, 356, no. 37; an unjustified emendation.

      =    ‡Timetes E. Doubleday, [1845]

List Spec. Lepid. Brit. Mus. 1: 87. Type-species: Nymphalis coresia Godart, [1824], in: Ency. méth. 9(Ins.)(2): 359 (= Marpesia zerynthia Hübner, [1823], Samml. exot. Schmett. 2: pl. [51], figs. 1 ♂ D, 2 ♂ V; synonym), by designation of Hemming (1933), Entomol. 66(845): 223. A junior objective synonym of Megalura.

      =    ‡Timetes Boisduval, 1870

Consid. Lépid. Guat.: 44. Type-species: Papilio marius Cramer, 1779, Uitl. Kapellen 3(17): 14, pl. 200, figs. D, F; (24): 175 (index) (= Papilio chiron Fabricius, 1775, Syst. Entomol.: 452, no. 40; synonym), by designation of Hemming (1939), Proc. R. Entomol. Soc. Lond. (B)8(7): 135. Preoccupied by Timetes E. Doubleday, 1845.

      =    ‡Eumargareta Grote, 1898

Can. Entomol. 30(9): 201, 202. Type-species: Nymphalis coresia Godart, [1824], in: Ency. méth. 9(Ins.)(2): 359 (= Marpesia zerynthia Hübner, [1823], Samml. exot. Schmett. 2: pl. [51], figs. 1 ♂ D, 2 ♂ V; synonym), as a replacement name. Proposed to replace Megalura Blanchard, 1840, erroneously thought preoccupied; a junior objective synonym of Megalura.

 

Marpesia chiron (Fabricius, 1775)

Syst. Entomol.: 452, no. 40; cited Daubenton [1765], Miscellanea: pl. 71, figs. 2, 3.

Original Combination: P[apilio] E[ques]. A[chivus]. Chiron

Type Locality: “India”; suggested to be “Jamaica” by F. Brown (1972), in: F. Brown and Heineman, Jamaica Butts.: 135-136.

Types: Lectotype in ZMUC, designated by Wetherbee (1991), Two Cent. Expl. Hispaniola Butts.: 18.

This was spelled “chironias” by Hübner [1819], Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (3): 47, representing either an unjustified emendation or an attempt to replace chiron.

The synonymy below follows Smith et al. (1994), Butts. W. Ind. & Fla.: 71.

            =    marius (Cramer, 1779)

Uitl. Kapellen 3(17): 14, pl. 200, figs. D ♂ D, E ♂ V; (24): 175 (index).

Original Combination: Pap[ilio]. Eq[uites]. Achiv[i]. Marius

Type Locality: “Surinamen” “Suriname”

Types: Type(s) probably lost.

            =    chironides (Staudinger, 1886)

In: Staudinger & Schatz, Exot. Schmett. 1(1)(14): 134.

Original Combination: M[egalura]. Chironides

Type Locality: “Cuba”

Types: Type(s) probably in ZMHB.

            =    insularis (Fruhstorfer, 1907)

Stettiner Entomol. Ztg. 68(2): 237; cited Papilio marius (sensu Stoll (1790), Anhangs. Uitl. Kapellen: pl. 30, figs. 1, 1a).

Original Combination: [Megalura chiron Form] insularis

Type Locality: “Jamaica”

Types: Type(s) probably lost.

            =    cyclops Fabricius, 1938

In: Bryk, Syst. Glossat.: 45, no. 94.

Original Combination: P[apilio]. A[chivus]. Cyclops

Type Locality: “Amboina”; suggested to be “Hispaniola” by F. Brown (1988), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 113(4): 436.

Types: Location of type(s) not known.

‡”axayacatl” (Arias, 1968)

Exp. cient. esp. siglo XVIII. Exp. Bot. Nueva España: 394.

Original Combination: Papilio axayacatl

Proposed without a description or indication; a nomen nudum.

Bibliography

 

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