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Memphis e. echemus (Doubleday, [1849])
(Cuban Leafwing)

Pinned Specimens photo collection:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

Cuba & Isla de Juventud; one-time stray to Texas

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

  Genus Memphis Hübner, [1819]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (3): 48. Type-species: Papilio odilia Stoll, 1780, Uitl. Kapellen 4(28): 79, pl. 329, figs. C, D; (34): 251 (index) (= Papilio polycarmes Fabricius, 1775, Syst. Entomol. 484, no. 181), by original designation. As first reviser, W. F. Kirby (1871), Syn. Cat. diurn. Lepid.: 276, accorded precedence to Anaea over Memphis.

      =    ‡Corycia Hübner, [1825]

Samml. exot. Schmett. 2: pl. [55]. Type-species: Corycia appias Hübner, [1825], Samml. exot. Schmett. 2: pl. [55], figs. 1, 2, 3, 4, by monotypy. Preoccupied by Corycia Hübner, [1823], Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (17): 265.

=    Cymatogramma E. Doubleday, [1849]

In: Gen. diurn. Lepid. (2): pl. 49, fig. 4; (2)(38): 315-316 (Westwood, 1850). Type-species: Cymatogramma echemus E. Doubleday, [1849], in: Gen. diurn. Lepid. (2): pl. 49, fig. 4; (2)(38): 316, no. 1 (Westwood, 1850), by monotypy.

=    Euschatzia Grote, 1898

Proc. Am. Phil. Soc. 37(157): 39. Type-species: Papilio morvus Fabricius, 1775, Syst. Entomol.: 484, no. 184, by original designation.

=    Fountainea Rydon, 1971

Entomol. Rec. & J. Var. 83(11): 339. Type-species: Anaea phidile Geyer, 1837, in: Hübner Zutr. Samml. Exot. Schmett. 5: pl. [156], figs. 905, 906; 27, no. 453, by original designation.

=    Rydonia Salazar & Constantino, 2001

Lambillionea 101(2, suppl. 3) : 359, figs. 5A-B, 10. Type species: Paphia pasibula E. Doubleday, [1849], in: Gen. diurn. Lepid. (2): pl. 50, fig. 3 [1849]; (38): 319, no. 26 (Westwood, 1850), by original designation.

=    Annagrapha Salazar & Constantino, 2001

Lambillionea 101(2, suppl. 3) : 359, figs. 6A-B, 11. Type-species: Paphia aureola H. Bates, 1866, Entomol. Mon. Mag. 3(31): 152, no. 108, by original designation.

 

verticordia group W. Comstock, 1961

Butts. Am. Tropics: 81.

 

Memphis echemus (E. Doubleday, [1849])

 

Memphis echemus echemus (E. Doubleday, [1849])

In: Gen. diurn. Lepid. (1): pl. 49, fig. 4 ♂ D; 2(38): 316, no. 1 (Westwood, 1850).

Original Combination: Cymatogramma Echemus

Type Locality: “Honduras” in error; suggested to be “Cuba” by F. Johnson and W. Comstock (1941), J. N. Y. Entomol. Soc. 49(4): 329.

Types: Syntype (#10364) in BMNH.

The arrangement presented follows Smith et al. (1994), Butts. W. Ind. & Fla.: 68-69. The singe record of this species from the United States (R. Kendall and Mcguire (1984), Bull. Allyn Mus. (86): 38-39, figs. 36 ♀ D, 36a ♀ V) apparently represents a rare stray or human-assisted import.

                   =    poeyi (Lucas, 1857)

In: Sagra, Hist. Cuba 7(2): 562-563.

Original Combination: Megalura Poeyi

Type Locality: “environs de la Havane” [Cuba]

Types: Location of type(s) not known, possibly in MNHP.

                         =    ‡”aguayoi” S. Torre, 1951

Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 53(6): 336-337, fig. 1 ♂ D (holotype).

Original Combination: Anaea echemus form aguayoi

Type Locality: “Ciudamar, Santiago de Cuba, Oriente” [Cuba]

Types: “Holotype” (#3345) in IZAC.

The text clearly indicates that this taxon was described as a seasonal form.

Bibliography

 

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