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Ochlodes sylvanoides napa (W. H. Edwards, 1865)
(Woodland Skipper)

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Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Ochlodes Scudder, 1872

4th Ann. Rep. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 78. Type-species: Hesperia nemorum Boisduval, 1852, Annls. Soc. Entomol. Fr. (2)10: 314 (= Hesperia agricola Boisduval, 1852, Annls. Soc. Entomol. Fr. (2)10: 314; subspecies), by original designation. Chiba and Tsukiyama (1996), Butterflies 14: 3-16, revised this genus. The relative precedence of the various taxa named by Boisduval has not been unequivocally stated anywhere. This arrangement generally follows L. Miller and F. Brown (1981), Mem. Lepid. Soc. (2): 42, Ferris (1989), Mem. Lepid. Soc. (3): 72, and Mielke (2005), Cat. Amer. Hesp. 5: 1112-1116.

 

Ochlodes sylvanoides (Boisduval, 1852)

Annls. Soc. Entomol. Fr. (2)10(2): 313-314, no. 71; figured by Oberthür (1913), Étud. Lépid. Comp. 9(1): pl. 240, figs. 2083 ♂ D&V, 2084 ♂ D&V, 2085 ♀ D&V [this species?].

Original Combination: Hesperia sylvanoides

Type Locality: “Californie” implied from the title of the paper; defined as “Tuolumne gold fields, Tuolumne Co. Calif.” by Scott (1981), Papilio (n.s.) 1: 10; corrected to “Queen Lily Campground, near Belden, North Fork Feather River Canyon, Plumas County, California” by J. Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (2): 20, based on the lectotype and Lorquin’s itinerary.

Types: Lectotype in BMNH, designated by J. Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (2): 21, figs. 135 ♂ D, 136 ♂ V.

=    pratincola (Boisduval, 1852)

Annls. Soc. Entomol. Fr. (2)10(2): 315, no. 77; figured by Oberthür (1913), Étud. Lépid. Comp. 9(1): pl. 240, figs. 2088 ♂ D&V.

Original Combination: Hesperia pratincola

Type Locality: “Californie” implied from the title of the paper; defined as “Broderick, Yolo Co., Calif.” by Scott (1981), Papilio (n.s.) 1: 11; corrected to “Queen Lily Campground, near Belden, North Fork Feather River Canyon, Plumas County, California” by J. Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (2): 21.

Types: Lectotype in BMNH, designated by J. Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (2): 22, figs. 144 ♀ D, 145 ♀ V.

Tilden and Smith (1986), Field Guide W. Butts.: 227, suggested that pratincola is a species-level taxon, occurring in south-central California, flying in June (earlier than sylvanoides). The restriction of the type locality as given above removes the name pratincola from that consideration. If such a taxon is “rediscovered” in the future, it would require a new name.

=    francisca (Plötz, 1883)

Stettiner Entomol. Ztg. 44(4-6): 220, no. 472; cited unpublished pl. 666.

Original Combination: [Hesperia] Francisca

Type Locality: “Californien, Mexico”

Types: Syntypes in ZHMB.

Godman (1907), Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (7)20(116): 145, determined this synonymy through an examination of the unpublished drawing made by Plötz.

 

Ochlodes sylvanoides napa (W. H. Edwards, 1865)

Proc. Entomol. Soc. Philad. 4(1): 201, 202, pl. 1, figs. 3 ♂ D&V, 4 ♀ D&V.

Original Combination: Hesperia Napa

Type Locality: “Empire City, Colorado Territory”; defined as “Empire in Clear Creek County, Colorado” by F. Brown and L. Miller (1980), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 106(1): 71.

Types: Neotype in CMNH, designated by F. Brown and L. Miller (1980), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 106(1): 71, fig. 20 ♂ D&V.

The neotype is the same specimen designated as lectotype by Tilden (1961), Entomol. News 72(2): 39; this specimen was not in Edwards' original type-series, and could not be a candidate for lectotype. No syntypes were found, so Brown and Miller decided that the specimen should be the neotype. Weidemeyer (1864), Proc. Entomol. Soc. Philad. 2(4): 541, listed “[Hesperia] napa” without a description or indication; a nomen nudum.

                   =    amanda (Plötz, 1883)

Stettiner Entomol. Ztg. 44(4-6): 197, no. 404; cited unpublished pl. 617.

Original Combination: [Hesperia] Amanda

Type Locality: Not stated.

Types: Holotype may be in ZSMC or lost.

Godman (1907), Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (7)20(116): 144, suggested that this is “a var. of the N.- American Erynnis ottoe, Edw., ♂” through an examination of the unpublished drawing made by Plötz. This name should probably be considered a nomen dubium.

Bibliography

 

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