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Oeneis chryxus ivallda (Mead, 1878)
(Chryxus Arctic)

Pinned Specimens photo collection:


 

Live Adults photo collection:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

Sierra Nevada, CA

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Oeneis Hübner, [1819]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (4): 58. Type-species: Papilio norna Thunberg, 1791, Ins. Suec. (2): 36-37, pl. 2, figs. 11, [11a], by designation of Butler (1868), Entomol. Mon. Mag. 4(45): 196.

 

bore group Gorbunov, 2001

Butts. Russia Class.: 226.

 

Oeneis chryxus (E. Doubleday, [1849])

In: Gen. diurn. Lepid. (1): pl. 64, fig. 1 ♂ D [1849]; (2)(43): 383, no. 13 (Westwood, 1851).

Original Combination: Chionobas Chryxus

Type Locality: “Rocky Mountains”; defined as “Rock Lake, Alberta (53o 27'N, 118o 16'W)” by J. Shepard (1984), Quaest. Entomol. 20(1): 40-41.

Types: Lectotype (#3845) in BMNH, designated by J. Shepard (1984), Quaest. Entomol. 20(1): 42, figs. 5 ♀ D, 6 ♀ V.

=    altacordillera Scott, 2006

Papilio (n.s.) 12: 14-15, pl. 4 5th row left ♂ D&V (holotype), 5th row center left ♂ D, 5th row center right ♂ D.

Original Combination: Oeneis calais altacordillera

Type Locality: “Colorado: Sangre de Cristo Mts.: Baldy Peak 12,500', Custer Co.”

Types: Holotype in BMNH.

 

Oeneis chryxus ivallda (Mead, 1878)

Can. Entomol. 10(10): 196-198.

Original Combination: Chionobas Ivallda

Type Locality: “Summit... Freel's Peak and Tallac Mountain...within a few miles of Lake Tahoe, near the boundary line between California and Nevada” [Placer County, California]

Types: Syntypes in CMNH; figured in Holland, 1898, Butt. Book: pl. 27, figs. 9 ♂ D, and Holland, 1931, Butt. Book (rev. ed.): pl. 62, fig. 4 ♀ D.

Ferris (1989), Mem. Lepid. Soc. 3: 60, 98, discussed the wing pigment chemistry of ivallda and chryxus, and concluded that ivallda is conspecific with chryxus. Porter and Shapiro [1991], J. Res. Lepid. 28(4): 263-276, presented electrophoretic evidence corroborating this conclusion.

Bibliography

 

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