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Oeneis polixenes brucei (W. H. Edwards, 1891)
(Polixenes Arctic)

Pinned Specimens
photo collection:


Live Adults
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Larval Foodplants and Habitats
photo collection:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:

S Rocky Mountains (NW WY, C & N CO, N NM)


(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Oeneis Hübner, [1819]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (4): 58. Type-species: Papilio norna Thunberg, 1791, Ins. Suec. (2): 36-37, pl. 2, figs. 11, [11a], by designation of Butler (1868), Entomol. Mon. Mag. 4(45): 196.


polixenes group Gorbunov, 2001

Butts. Russia Class.: 226.


Oeneis polixenes (Fabricius, 1775)

Syst. Entomol.: 484, no. 180.

Original Combination: P[apilio]. D[anaus]. F[estivus]. Polixenes

Type Locality: “America boreali”; suggested to be “Labrador” by Troubridge and Parshall (1988), Can. Entomol. 120(7): 679; defined as “Chateau Bay, Labrador coast” by Pelham (2008), J. Res. Lepid. 40: 418, based on Lysaght (1971), J. Banks Newfoundland Labrador: 120-155. [Newfoundland and Labrador]

Types: Holotype (#5035) in BMNH.

=    oeno (Boisduval, [1834])

Icon. Hist. Lépid. Europ. (20): 195-196, no. 7, pl. 39, figs. 4 ♂ D, 5 ♀ D, 6 ♀ V.

Original Combination: Chionobas Oeno

Type Locality: “dans la Laponie russe,” a single female “du nord de la Sibérie” (from Escholtz), and two specimens “au Labrador” (from Sommer). The lectotype is from “Labrador.” [Newfoundland and Labrador]

Types: Lectotype is the male (from Labrador) figured by Boisduval, designated by V. Lukhtanov and Eitschberger (2001), Butts. World, Suppl.4: 11, 9d, note 1.


Oeneis polixenes brucei (W. H. Edwards, 1891)

Can. Entomol. 23(2): 33; figured by W. H. Edwards (1892), Butts. N. Am. 3(13): pl. Chionobas 6, figs. 5 ♂ D, 6 ♂ V, 7 ♀ D, 8 ♀ V.

Original Combination: Chionobas Brucei

Type Locality: “Colorado”; defined as “Vicinity of Bullion and Hayden Mountains in Hall Valley, Park Co., Colorado; 12,000 feet above sea level and higher” by F. Brown (1964), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 90(4): 395-397.

Types: Lectotype in CMP, designated by F. M. Brown, 1964, Trans. amer. ent. Soc. 90(4): 400-401, fig. 28 ♂ D&V.

Troubridge and Parshall (1988), Can. Entomol. 120(7): 683, suggested that brucei, yukonensis and woodi may together represent a species-level taxon.



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