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Oeneis uhleri varuna (W. H. Edwards, 1882)
(Uhler's Arctic)

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(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Oeneis Hübner, [1819]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (4): 58. Type-species: Papilio norna Thunberg, 1791, Ins. Suec. (2): 36-37, pl. 2, figs. 11, [11a], by designation of Butler (1868), Entomol. Mon. Mag. 4(45): 196.


Oeneis uhleri (Reakirt, 1866)

Proc. Entomol. Soc. Philadelphia 6[1]: 143-145.

Original Combination: Chionobas Uhleri

Type Locality: “Rocky Mountains, Colorado Terr.”; suggested to be “the grassy parts that crown the Front Range west of Denver (Bergen Park, etc.)” by F. Brown (1953), Am. Mus. Novit. (1625): 1; further defined as “vic. Georgetown, Clear Creek Co., Colorado” by L. Miller and F. Brown (1981), Mem. Lepid. Soc. 2: 201.

Types: Syntypes in FMNH.

=    ‡”obscura” (W. H. Edwards, 1892)

Butts. N. Am. 3(13): [294], pl. Chionobas 3, fig. 5 ♂ D (“holotype”).

Original Combination: Chionobas Uhleri var. Obscura

Type Locality: Not stated; defined as “Clear Creek Canyon, Jefferson Co., Colorado...6,000 ft. above sea level” by F. Brown (1964), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 90(4): 395.

Types: “Holotype” in CMNH; figured by F. Brown (1964), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 90(4): fig. 27 ♂ D&V.

The text clearly indicates that this taxon was described as an individual variant.


Oeneis uhleri varuna (W. H. Edwards, 1882)

Can. Entomol. 14(1): 2-5; figured by W. H. Edwards (1892), Butts. N. Am. 3(12): pl. Chionobas 4, figs. 1 ♂ D, 2 ♂ V, 3 ♀ D, 4 ♀ V, 5 ♂ D, 6 ♂ V, 7 ♂ D, and (1897), 3(17): [389-393], pl. Chionobas 13, fig. 1 ♀ V.

Original Combination: Chionobas Varuna

Type Locality: “Dacotah Terr....on the plains, elevation about 1,200 feet”

Types: Lectotype in CMNH, designated by F. Brown (1964), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 90(4): 394, fig. 26 ♂ D&V; figured by W. Holland (1931), Butt. Book (rev. ed.): pl. 62, figs. 13 ♂ D (lectotype), 14 ♀ D (paralectotype).

                         =    ‡”dennisi” Gunder, 1927

Can. Entomol. 59(12): 285-286, no. 17, pl. B, figs. 17 ♂ D, 17b ♂ V (“holotype”).

Original Combination: Oeneis uhleri race varuna tr. f. dennisi

Type Locality: “Beulah, Man., Can.” [Manitoba]

Types: “Holotype” in CNC.



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