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Papilio aristodemus ponceanus Schaus, 1911
(Schaus's Swallowtail)

Pinned Specimens
photo collection:


Live Adults
photo collection:

photo collection:


Larval Foodplants and
Habitats photo collection:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:

S Florida & northern Bahamas

Amyris elemifera L.


(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Papilio Linnaeus, 1758

Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 458. Type-species: Papilio machaon Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 462, no. 27, by designation of Latreille (1810), Consid. gén. Anim. Crust. Arach. Ins.: 350, 440. I.C.Z.N. Opinion 278 placed this name on the Official List of Generic Names in Zoology as name no. 703. The generic and subgeneric arrangement follows J. Miller (1987), Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 186(4): 365-512.


Papilio aristodemus Esper, 1794

Magaz. Neuest. Ausl. Ins. 1: 8, pl. papill. exot. 2, fig. 2 ♂ D&V; figured by Esper (1801), Ausl. Schmett. (16): 240, pl. 59, fig. 2 ♂ D&V.

Original Combination: Pap[ilio]. Equ[es]. Achiv[us]. Aristodemus

Type Locality: “Port-au-Prince” [Haiti]

Types: Location of type(s) not known, probably lost.

=    cresphontinus Martyn, 1797

Psyche: pl. 3, fig. 8; pl. 4, fig. 10.

Original Combination: Papilio Cresphontinus

Type Locality: “Amboyna” in error. [Maluku Islands, Indonesia]

Types: Location of “type(s)” not known.

=    ‡daphnis G. Gray, [1853]

Cat. Lepid. Ins. Brit. Mus. 1: 39, no. 198.

Original Combination: Papilio Daphnis

Type Locality: “Antilles?”

Types: Holotype in BMNH.

Preoccupied by Papilio daphnis [Schiffermüller], 1775, Ankündung eines syst. Werkes Schmett. Wiener Gegend: 182, no. 2.


Papilio aristodemus ponceanus Schaus, 1911

Entomol. News 22(10): 438-439.

Original Combination: Papilio ponceanus

Type Locality: “Miami, Florida” [Miami-Dade County]

Types: Syntypes in USNM.

                   =    driophilus Clench, 1979

J. Lepid. Soc. 32(4): 273-274.

Original Combination: Papilio aristodemus driophilus

Type Locality: “Cutlass Bay, near Dolphin Head, southern Cat Island, Bahamas”

Types: Holotype (#680) in CMNH.

Simon and L. Miller (1986), Bull. Allyn Mus. (105): 13, determined this synonymy.



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