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Papilio canadensis Rothschild & Jordan, 1906
(Canadian Tiger Swallowtail)

Type Specimens photo collection:


Pinned Specimens photo collection:

Live Adults photo collection:

Larval Foodplants and Habitats photo collection:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:

Alaska to northern New England


(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Papilio Linnaeus, 1758

Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 458. Type-species: Papilio machaon Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 462, no. 27, by designation of Latreille (1810), Consid. gén. Anim. Crust. Arach. Ins.: 350, 440. I.C.Z.N. Opinion 278 placed this name on the Official List of Generic Names in Zoology as name no. 703. The generic and subgeneric arrangement follows J. Miller (1987), Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 186(4): 365-512.


Papilio canadensis Rothschild & Jordan, 1906

Novit. Zool. 13(3): 586-587, no. 79; cited Papilio glaucus (sensu Gosse (1840), Can. Nat.: fig., Saunders (1874), Can. Entomol. 6: fig. 1, (1875), Rep. Entomol. Soc. Ontario 1874, figs. 13, 14, (1881), Rep. Entomol. Soc. Ontario 1880: figs. 40, 41, W. H. Edwards (1877), Butts. N. Am. 2(6): pl. Papilio 5, fig. 1 ♂ D, and Maynard (1891), Manual N. Am. Butts.: pl. 1, fig. 1).

Original Combination: Papilio glaucus canadensis

Type Locality: “Newfoundland”; holotype from “St. John’s.” [Newfoundland and Labrador]

Types: Holotype in BMNH.

R. Hagen et al. (1991), J. Lepid. Soc. 45(4): 245-246, elevated this taxon to species-level.

            =    arcticus Skinner, 1906

Entomol. News 17(10): 379.

Original Combination: Papilio rutulus arcticus

Type Locality: “Eagle City, Alaska...Athabaska River, Canada”; lectotype from “Eagle, Alaska.”

Types: Syntypes (#7027) in ANSP; one figured by W. Holland (1931), Butt. Book (rev. ed.): pl. 75, fig. 6 ♂ V.

                   =    ‡”fletcheri” Kemp, 1900

Entomol. News 11(5): 482.

Original Combination: Papilio turnus ab. fletcheri

Type Locality: “Elizabeth, New Jersey” implied from the text. [Union County]

Types: “Holotype” in AMNH.

                   =    ‡borealis Boullet & Le Cerf, 1912

Bull. Mus. Natn. Hist. Nat., Paris Suppl. [1]18(2): 24.

Original Combination: [Papilio glaucus-canadensis] f[orm]. borealis?

Type Locality: “Terre-Neuve, Dear River” [Newfoundland and Labrador]

Types: “Holotype” in MNHP.

                   =    ‡”deficiens” Dufrane, 1946

Bull. Annls. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 82(5/6): 115.

Original Combination: P[apilio]. glaucus canadensis ab. deficiens

Type Locality: “Etats-Unis d’Amérique, sans localité précise”

Types: “Holotype” may be in ISRN.



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