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Papilio rutulus Lucas, 1852
(Western Tiger Swallowtail)

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Distribution and Larval Foodplants:

[= arizonensis]; W USA & Canada, Baja California N


(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Papilio Linnaeus, 1758

Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 458. Type-species: Papilio machaon Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 462, no. 27, by designation of Latreille (1810), Consid. gén. Anim. Crust. Arach. Ins.: 350, 440. I.C.Z.N. Opinion 278 placed this name on the Official List of Generic Names in Zoology as name no. 703. The generic and subgeneric arrangement follows J. Miller (1987), Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 186(4): 365-512.


Papilio rutulus Lucas, 1852

Revue Mag. Zool. (2)4(3): 138-140.

Original Combination: Papilio Rutulus

Type Locality: “Californie”; defined as “vicinity of Queen Lily Campground, near Belden, North Fork Feather River, 2400', Plumas County, California” by J. Emmel et al. (1998) Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (3): 78.

Types: Lectotype in MNHP, designated by J. Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (3): 78, figs. 4 ♂ D, 5 ♂ V.

                   =    ‡rutulus Boisduval, 1852

Annls. Soc. Entomol. Fr. (2)10(2): 279-280, no. 1

Original Combination: Papilio rutulus

Type Locality: “Californie” implied from the title of the paper.

Types: Syntypes in USNM.

Preoccupied by Papilio rutulus Lucas, 1852, Revue Mag. Zool. (2)4(3): 138-140.

            =    arizonensis W. H. Edwards, 1883

Papilio 3(1): 3-4; figured by W. H. Edwards (1884), Butts. N. Am. 2(13): pl. Papilio 13, figs. 5 ♂ D, 6 ♂ V.

Original Combination: [Papilio] Rutulus var. Arizonensis

Type Locality: “Arizona and South Colorado”; stated to be “vicinity of Fort Grant, Cochise [sic!] Co., and on Graham Mountain” in the introduction to the paper. [Graham County]

Types: Lectotype in CMNH, designated by F. Brown (1975), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 101(1): 28, fig. 9 ♂ D&V; figured by W. Holland (1931), Butt. Book. (rev. ed.): pl. 70, fig. 2 ♂ D.

            =    ammoni Behrens, 1887

Can. Entomol. 19(10): 199.

Original Combination: Papilio Rutulus, var. Ammoni

Type Locality: “Nevada”

Types: Location of type(s) not known, possibly in AMNH.

                   =    ‡”hospitonina” Boullet & Le Cerf, 1912

Bull. Mus. Natn. Hist. Nat., Paris Suppl. [1]18(2): 25.

Original Combination: [Papilio rutulus] ab. hospitonina

Type Locality: “États-Unis, île Vancouver” [British Columbia]

Types: “Holotype” in MNHP.

                   =    ‡”fannyae” Gunder, 1927

Entomol. News 38(9): 267, pl. 5, fig. C ♂ D (“holotype”).

Original Combination: Papilio rutulus tr. f. fannyae

Type Locality: “Yoncalla, Oregon” [Douglas County]

Types: “Holotype” in AMNH.



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