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Papilio xuthus Linnaeus, 1767
(Asian Swallowtail)

Pinned Specimens
photo collection:


Live Adults
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photo collection:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:

Introduced to Hawaii


(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Papilio Linnaeus, 1758

Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 458. Type-species: Papilio machaon Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 462, no. 27, by designation of Latreille (1810), Consid. gén. Anim. Crust. Arach. Ins.: 350, 440. I.C.Z.N. Opinion 278 placed this name on the Official List of Generic Names in Zoology as name no. 703. The generic and subgeneric arrangement follows J. Miller (1987), Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 186(4): 365-512.


Papilio xuthus Linnaeus, 1767 (emended)

Syst. Nat. (ed. 12) 1(2): 751, no. 34; corrigenda.

Original Combination: P[apilio]. E[ques]. A[chivus]. Xanthus

Type Locality: “India orientalis”; suggested to be “Canton” by Honey and Scoble (2001), Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 132(3): 392. [China]

Types: Lectotype in LSUK, designated by Honey and Scoble (2001), Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 132(3): 392, fig. 20 ♂ D.

This name was emended to xuthus in the index; xanthus is an incorrect original spelling. I.C.Z.N. Opinion 286 placed xuthus on the Official List of Names Available in Zoology as name no. 117 and xanthus on the Official List of Rejected and Unavailable Names in Zoology as name no. 69. Most of the synonymy is not listed.

            =    xuthulus Bremer, 1861

Bull. Acad. Sci. St. Pétersbourg (3)3: cols. 463-464, no. 1; figured by Bremer (1864), Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg (ser. 7)8(1): pl. 1, fig. 2 ♂ D&V.

Original Combination: Papilio xuthulus

Type Locality: “Bureja-Gebirge” [Republic of Buryatia, Russia]

Types: Type(s) in ZIN.

            =    xuthulinus Murray, 1874

Entomol. Mon. Mag. 11(126): 166.

Original Combination: Papilio Xuthulinus

Type Locality: “immediate neighborhood of Yokohama” [Japan]

Types: Location of type(s) not known, possibly in BMNH.



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