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Phocides p. polybius (Fabricius, 1793)
(Guava Skipper)

Pinned Specimens
photo collection:


Live Adults
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photo collection:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:

Panama, Colombia, Venezuela, Guianas, Trinidad


(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

  Genus Phocides Hübner, [1819]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (7): 103. Type-species: Phocides cruentus Hübner, [1819], Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (7): 103, no. 1082 (= Hesperia polybius Fabricius (1793), Entomol. Syst. 3(1): 337, no. 281; synonym), by designation of Scudder (1875), Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci., Boston 10(2): 248, no. 857.

=    Erycides Hübner, [1819]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (7): 110. Type-species: Papilio pigmalion Cramer, 1779, Uitl. Kapellen 3(21): 87, pl. 245, figs. A, B; (24): 176 (index), by designation of Scudder (1872), 4th Ann. Rep. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 67. First reviser choice of Phocides over Erycides was made by Godman & Salvin (1893), Biol. centr.-amer., Lepid. Rhop. 2(110): 292.

=    Dysenius Scudder, 1872

4th Ann. Rep. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 67. Type-species: Erycides albicilla Herrich-Schäffer, 1869, Corresp-Bl. zool.-min. Ver. Regensburg 23(11): 169, no. 16 (= Erycides lilea Reakirt, [1867], Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 18(3): 339, no. 47; synonym: a subspecies of Hesperia polybius Fabricius, 1793, Entomol. Syst. 3(1): 337, no. 281), by original designation.


Phocides polybius (Fabricius, 1793)


Phocides polybius polybius (Fabricius, 1793)

Entomol. Syst. 3(1): 337, no. 281; cited Jones’ Icones 6: pl. 24, fig. 2, actually figured on pl. 71, D; also figured by Donovan (1800), Epit. Ins. India: pl. [51], fig. 2 (a copy from Jones’ Icones).

Original Combination: H[esperia]. U[rbicola]. Polybius

Type Locality: “Indiis”

Types: Type(s) probably lost; based on specimens figured by Jones.

=    ‡palemon (Cramer, 1777)

Uitl. Kapellen 2(11): 54, pl. 131, fig. F ♀ D; (34): 251 (index).

Original Combination: Pap[ilio]. Pleb[ejus]. Urbicol[a]. Palemon

Type Locality: “Surinamen” “Suriname”

Types: Syntype in RMNH.

Preoccupied by Papilio palaemon Pallas, 1771, Reise verschied. Prov. Russisch. Reichs 1: 471 (Code Article 58.1).

=    cruentus Hübner, [1819]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (7): 103, no. 1082; cited Papilio palemon Cramer, 1777, Uitl. Kapellen 2(11): pl. 131, fig. F.

Original Combination: P[hocides]. Cruentus

Proposed as a replacement name for Papilio palemon Cramer, 1777, with the same data (Code Article 60.3).

=    palaemonides Röber, 1925

Entomol. Mitt. 14(2): 159.

Original Combination: Phocides palaemonides

Type Locality: Not stated.

Types: Location of holotype not known.

Mielke (1989), Revta. bras. Zool. 6(1): 144, determined this synonymy.

=    ‡”gunderi” R. Williams & E. Bell, 1931

Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 57(3): 251.

Original Combination: Phocides palemon ab. gunderi

Type Locality: “Rockstone, Essequebo River, British Guiana”

Types: “Holotype” (#7573) in ANSP.



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