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Phocides polybius lilea (Reakirt, [1867])
(Guava Skipper)

Type Specimens
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Pinned Specimens
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Pinned Specimens
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Live Adults
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Immatures photo collection
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Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

S Texas to Costa Rica

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

  Genus Phocides Hübner, [1819]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (7): 103. Type-species: Phocides cruentus Hübner, [1819], Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (7): 103, no. 1082 (= Hesperia polybius Fabricius (1793), Entomol. Syst. 3(1): 337, no. 281; synonym), by designation of Scudder (1875), Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci., Boston 10(2): 248, no. 857.

=    Erycides Hübner, [1819]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (7): 110. Type-species: Papilio pigmalion Cramer, 1779, Uitl. Kapellen 3(21): 87, pl. 245, figs. A, B; (24): 176 (index), by designation of Scudder (1872), 4th Ann. Rep. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 67. First reviser choice of Phocides over Erycides was made by Godman & Salvin (1893), Biol. centr.-amer., Lepid. Rhop. 2(110): 292.

=    Dysenius Scudder, 1872

4th Ann. Rep. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 67. Type-species: Erycides albicilla Herrich-Schäffer, 1869, Corresp-Bl. zool.-min. Ver. Regensburg 23(11): 169, no. 16 (= Erycides lilea Reakirt, [1867], Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 18(3): 339, no. 47; synonym: a subspecies of Hesperia polybius Fabricius, 1793, Entomol. Syst. 3(1): 337, no. 281), by original designation.

 

Phocides polybius (Fabricius, 1793)

Entomol. Syst. 3(1): 337, no. 281; cited Jones’ Icones 6: pl. 24, fig. 2, actually figured on pl. 71, D; also figured by Donovan (1800), Epit. Ins. India: pl. [51], fig. 2 (a copy from Jones’ Icones).

Original Combination: H[esperia]. U[rbicola]. Polybius

Type Locality: “Indiis”

Types: Type(s) probably lost; based on specimens figured by Jones.

                   =    ‡palemon (Cramer, 1777)

Uitl. Kapellen 2(11): 54, pl. 131, fig. F ♀ D; (34): 251 (index).

Original Combination: Pap[ilio]. Pleb[ejus]. Urbicol[a]. Palemon

Type Locality: “Surinamen” “Suriname”

Types: Syntype in RMNH.

Preoccupied by Papilio palaemon Pallas, 1771, Reise verschied. Prov. Russisch. Reichs 1: 471 (Code Article 58.1).

            =    cruentus Hübner, [1819]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (7): 103, no. 1082; cited Papilio palemon Cramer, 1777, Uitl. Kapellen 2(11): pl. 131, fig. F.

Original Combination: P[hocides]. Cruentus

Proposed as a replacement name for Papilio palemon Cramer, 1777, with the same data (Code Article 60.3).

            =    palaemonides Röber, 1925

Entomol. Mitt. 14(2): 159.

Original Combination: Phocides palaemonides

Type Locality: Not stated.

Types: Location of holotype not known.

Mielke (1989), Revta. bras. Zool. 6(1): 144, determined this synonymy.

                   =    ‡”gunderi” R. Williams & E. Bell, 1931

Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 57(3): 251.

Original Combination: Phocides palemon ab. gunderi

Type Locality: “Rockstone, Essequebo River, British Guiana”

Types: “Holotype” (#7573) in ANSP.

 

Phocides polybius lilea (Reakirt, [1867])

Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 18(3): 339, no. 47.

Original Combination: Erycides lilea

Type Locality: “Mexico, near Vera Cruz” [Veracruz]

Types: Syntype in CMNH.

                   =    albicilla (Herrich-Schäffer, 1869)

Corresp-Bl. zool.-min. Ver. Regensburg 23(11): 169, no. 16.

Original Combination: [Erycides] albicilla

Type Locality: Not stated; syntype labeled “Mexiko.”

Types: Syntype in ZMHB.

                   =    socius (Butler & H. Druce, 1872)

Cist. Entomol. 1(5): 112.

Original Combination: E[rycides]. Socius

Type Locality: “Cartago, Costa Rica” implied from the title and introduction to the paper.

Types: Holotype in BMNH.

                         =    ‡cruentus (Scudder, 1872)

4th Ann. Rep. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 67, no. 2.

Original Combination: D[ysenius]. cruentus

Type Locality: “Guatemala”

Types: Syntype (#15308) in MCZ.

Preoccupied by Phocides cruentus Hübner, [1819], Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (7): 103.

                   =    sanguinea (Scudder, 1872)

4th Ann. Rep. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 68, no. 3.

Original Combination: E[rycides]. sanguinea

Type Locality: “Texas (Capt. Pope, Mexican Boundary Survey)”

Types: Lectotype (#7174) in ANSP, designated by Skinner and R. Williams (1922), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 48(2): 112, no. 3.

                   =    imbreus Plötz, 1879

Stettiner Entomol. Ztg. 40(7-9): 406, no. 4; cited unpublished pl. 1198.

Original Combination: [Erycides] Imbreus

Type Locality: “Central-Amer”

Types: Holotype (#4942) in ZMHB.

                   =    spurius (Mabille, 1880)

Bull. Séances Soc. Entomol. Fr. 1880(6): 62; also described in Bull. Soc. Entomol. Fr. (5)10(2): xlvi.

Original Combination: E[rycides]. spurius

Type Locality: Not stated; lectotype from “Bogota.” [Colombia]

Types: Lectotype in BMNH, designated by Mielke and Casagrande (2002), Revta. bras. Zool. 19 (supl. 1): 38.

                   =    decolor (Mabille, 1880)

Bull. Séances Soc. Entomol. Fr. 1880(6): 62; also described in Bull. Soc. Entomol. Fr. (5)10(2): xlvi.

Original Combination: E[rycides]. decolor

Type Locality: Not stated.

Types: Holotype in BMNH.

                   =    albiciliata Röber, 1925

Entomol. Mitt. 14(2): 159.

Original Combination: Phocides albiciliata

Type Locality: “Guatemala”

Types: Holotype in MTD, detailed by Mielke (1989), Revta. bras. Zool. 6(1): 134.

Bibliography

 

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