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Phyciodes o. orseis W. H. Edwards, 1871
(California Crescent)

Pinned Specimens photo collection Page 1:


 

Pinned Specimens photo collection Page 2:

Live Adults photo collection:

Immatures photo collection:

Larval Foodplants and Habitats photo collection:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

Asteraceae: Cirsium douglasii var. breweri (Petrak) Keil & C. Turner (suspected), Cirsium cymosum (Greene) J.T. Howell

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Phyciodes Hübner, [1819]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (2): 29. Type-species: Papilio cocyta Cramer, 1777, Uitl. Kapellen 2(9): 7, pl. 101, figs. A, B; (16): 148 (index), by designation of Scudder (1872), 4th Ann. Rep. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 46. The arrangement of species in this genus follows Wahlberg et al. (2003), Syst. Entomol. 28(2): 257-273.

 

Phyciodes orseis W. H. Edwards, 1871

 

Phyciodes orseis orseis W. H. Edwards, 1871

Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 3(3/4): 205, 206, no. 2.

Original Combination: Phyciodes Orseis

Type Locality: “Mt. St. Helena, Napa Co., California”

Types: Lectotype (#4482) in AMNH, designated by F. Brown (1966), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 92(3): 450, fig. 29 ♂ D&V.

                         =    ‡”edwardsi” Gunder, 1927

Entomol. News 38(5): 135, no. 5, pl. 2, fig. 5 ♀ D (“holotype”).

Original Combination: Phyciodes orseis edwardsi ♀ nov. tr. form

Type Locality: “California”

Types: “Holotype” in AMNH (USNM stated in original description).

Bibliography

Barnes, William and James Halliday McDunnough. 1916. Notes on North American diurnal Lepidoptera. Contributions to the Natural History of the Lepidoptera of North America 3(2): 49-156, 8 pls. {15 Dec 1916} 

Brown, Frederick Martin. 1966. The types of the nymphalid butterflies described by William Henry Edwards--Part II, Melitaeinae. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 92(3): 357-468, 34 figs. {Sep, 20 Oct 1966} 

Comstock, John Adams. 1927. Butterflies of California. A popular guide to a knowledge of the butterflies of California embracing all of the 477 species and varieties at present recorded from the state. Author, Los Angeles, California. 334 pp., 63 pls. {1927} 

Edwards, William Henry. 1871. Descriptions of new species of diurnal Lepidoptera found within the United States. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 3(3/4): 205-216. {Jan; pre-print [Feb] 1871; paper [30 Apr 1872]} [description of Phyciodes Orseis

Forbes, William Trowbridge Merrifield. 1945. The genus Phyciodes (Lepidoptera, Nymphalinae). Entomologica Americana (n.s.)24: 139-207. {Oct 1944, 24 May 1945} 

Gunder, Jean Daniel. 1927. New transition forms or "abs" and their classification (Lepid., Rhopalocera). Entomological News 38(5): 129-138, pl. 2 {[4] May 1927} [description of Phyciodes orseis edwardsi & nov. transition form] 

Hall, Arthur. 1928-1930. A revision of the genus Phyciodes Hubn. (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae). Bulletin of the Hill Museum 2(2)(supplement 1): 1-20, pls. 1-3 {18 Jun 1928} 2(3)(supplement): 21-44 {17 Nov 1928}; 3(1)(supplement): 45-94 {30 Apr 1929}; 3(2)(supplement): 95-146 {29 Aug 1929}; 3(3)(supplement): 147-170 {30 Dec 1929}; 4(1)(supplement): 171-204 {28 Jul 1930}; 4(2)(supplement): 205-206; add. Page {29 Dec 1930} 

Higgins, Lionel George. 1981. A revision of Phyciodes Hübner and related genera, with a review of the classification of the Melitaeinae (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) (Entomology) 43(3): 77-243, 490 figs. {29 Oct 1981} 

Röber, Johannes Karl Max 1913-1914. Gattung Phyciodes. In: A. Seitz (Ed.), Die Gross-Schmetterlinge der Erde 5(162): pl. 92 {5 Jun 1913}; (183): 434-440, pl. 90 {10 Dec 1913}; (188): 449-450, pls. 88, 89. {[before 10 Feb] 1914}; (189): pl. 91. {14 Apr 1914} 

Scott, James A. 1974. Early stages and biology of Phyciodes orseis (Nymphalidae). Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 12(4): 236-242. {Dec 1973(1974)} 

Scott, James A. 1975. Early stages of Phyciodes pallida, P. orseis, and P. mylitta (Nymphalidae). Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 14(2): 84. {May 1975}

Scott, James A. 1994. Biology and systematics of Phyciodes (Phyciodes). Papilio (n.s.) 7: 1-120, 227 figs., 12 tables {18 Nov 1994} 

Wahlberg, Niklas, Rita Oliviera and James A. Scott. 2003. Phylogenetic relationships of Phyciodes butterfly species (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae): complex mtDNA variations and species delimitations. Systematic Entomology 28(2): 257-273, 4 figs., 2 tbls., 1 app. {Apr 2003} 

Warren, Andrew D. 2005. Butterflies of Oregon: their taxonomy, distribution, and biology. Fort Collins; Contributions of the C.P. Gillette Museum of Arthropod Diversity, Colorado State University: 405 pp., 3 maps. {15 Mar 2005}

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