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Poanes zabulon (Boisduval & Le Conte, [1837])
(Zabulon Skipper)

Pinned Specimens
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Live Adults photo collection
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Live Adults photo collection
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Larval Foodplants and Habitats
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Genitalia photo

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:



(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Poanes Scudder, 1872

4th Ann. Rep. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 76. Type-species: Hesperia massasoit Scudder, 1863, Proc. Essex Inst. 3: 171, no. 65, by original designation. Burns (1992), J. Lepid. Soc. 46(1): 1-23, discussed the probability that this genus is polyphyletic, and created species groups. The first group includes hobomok, zabulon and taxiles, while the second group includes massasoit, viator, aaroni and yehl (massasoit may belong in its own group). Burns also transferred melane to Poanes from Paratrytone, and noted that at least some Poanes species may belong in Ochlodes.

=    Phycanassa Scudder, 1872

4th Ann. Rep. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 77. Type-species: Hesperia viator W. H. Edwards, 1865, Proc. Entomol. Soc. Philad. 4(1): 202-203, pl. 1, fig. 5, by original designation.

      =    ‡Paratrytone Dyar, 1905

J. N. Y. Entomol. Soc. 13(3): 136. Type-species: Pamphila howardi Skinner, 1896, Can. Entomol. 28(7): 187 (= Pamphila aaroni Skinner, 1890, Entomol. News 1(1): 6; subspecies), by original designation. Preoccupied by Paratrytone Godman, 1900, in: Godman & Salvin, Biol. centr.-amer., Lepid. Rhop. 2(157): 487.


Poanes zabulon (Boisduval & Le Conte, [1837])

Hist. Lépid. Amér. sept. (26): pl. 76, figs. 6 ♂ D, 7 ♂ V.

Original Combination: Hesperia Zabulon

Type Locality: Not stated (there is no text); “l’Amérique septentrionale” implied from the title of the book.

Types: Types were the specimens upon which Émile Blanchard based his illustrations, probably from Boisduval’s collection. Evans (1955), Cat. Am. Hesp. Brit. Mus. (4): 348, noted that the “type” is in the BMNH, but Calhoun (2004), J. Lepid. Soc. 58(3): 156, discussed the dubious nature of such Boisduval “types.”

            =    erratica (Plötz, 1883)

Stettiner Entomol. Ztg. 44(4-6): 210, no. 446; cited unpublished pl. 656.

Original Combination: [Hesperia] Erratica

Type Locality: “Guatemala”

Types: Type(s) in ZMHB.

Godman (1907), Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (7)20(116): 145, determined this synonymy through an examination of the unpublished drawing made by Plötz.

‡”ogeechensis” (Scudder, 1889)

Butts. E. U. S. & Can. 2(11): 1617.

Original Combination: [Atrytone zabulon] = Papilio ogeechensis Abb.

This name was mentioned in the synonymy of Atrytone zabulon without a description or indication; a nomen nudum.



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